Posted: 08 April 2012 at 5:21am | IP Logged
(also spelled rajah) is an Indian term for a monarch, or princely ruler
of the Kshatriya varna. The female form, the word for "queen", mainly
used for a raja's wife, is rani (sometimes spelled ranee),or ratu, dato,
datuk, or datu in Southeast Asia.
The title has
a long history in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, being
attested from the Rigveda, where a rajan- is a ruler,the "battle of ten
Maharaja (also spelled maharajah) is a Sanskrit title for a "great king" or "high king".
equivalent title Maharani (or Maharanee, Maharaji) denotes either the
wife of a Maharaja or, in states where that was customary, a woman
ruling in her own right.
The widow of a Maharaja is known as a Rajamata.
Maharaj denotes separate noble and religious offices, although the fact
that in Hindi the suffix 'a' in Maharaja is silent makes the two titles
Samraat is an Ancient Indian title sometimes translated into modern English as "Emperor".
The title of
empress is Samrji. This word has been used as an epithet of various
Vedic deities, like Varuna, and has been attested in the Holy Rig Veda.
the later Vedic age, a Hindu king (Maharajah) was only called Samrat
after performing the Vedic Rajasuya sacrifice, enabling him by religious
tradition to claim superiority over the other kings and princes.
for emperor is sarvabhauma. The title of Samrat has been used by many
rulers of the Indian subcontinent as claimed by the Hindu mythologies.
history, most historians call Chandragupta Maurya the first samrat of
the Indian subcontinent, because of the huge empire he ruled.
Mauran Emperor Ashoka the great is more well-known as Samraat Ashoka because of the vastness of his empire.
In 1556, the
Hindu king, Hem Chandra Vikramaditya also called Hemu, established Hindu
Raj in north India after defeating Akbar's forces in Agra and Delhi. By
virtue of winning 22 battles continuously in the entire North India,
from Punjab to Bengal without losing any, Hemu was bestowed the title of
"Samrat" and was addressed at the time of Rajbhangsi or coronation at
Purana Quila, New Delhi on 7 October 1556 as "Samrat Hem Chander
VikramadityaIn Kerala the highest authority on the Namboodiri Brahmins
is known as the Azhavanchery Samrat.