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BHAJANS

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amukta

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amukta

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Posted: 07 February 2008 at 10:23pm | IP Logged

Bhajan is a Hindu devotional song often known as Kirtan. It is of ancient origin and sung with utmost devotion to God. Bha in the word Bhajan means that which is bhaavyam (sacred or holy), that Atma Tatwa (Principle of Atma) which is divyam (self-effulgent). The letters Ja in the word bhajan connotes japa (chanting of the Lord's name). Bhajan literally means chanting the sacred name of Lord with utmost devotion. This act of singing with devotion makes one feel closer to true self (atma or jeeva) or to God (Brahma or Ishwara). In other words, Rasanam Lakshanam Bhajanam, acts which are performed for the purpose of pleasing God also known as Bhajans.


Such devotional form of singing is heavenly to human ears and truly divine. Bhajans have been deep rooted in Indian tradition than anything else. They are simple soulful songs expressing undying love for God, a complete submission to Him through singing. This is one of the constituents of Bhakti for Haridasa to acquire the highest level in devotion (The other being Faith). These songs can be for a single God/Goddess, or any number of divinities, sometimes featuring several names and aspects of the chosen deity (esp in case of Ashtottarams and Sahasranamas). The music based on ragas and talas of Indian Classical Music played on Veena, Sarangi Venu (Flute), Mridanga (Tabla) or any traditional Indian instrument. The Sikh Scripture, however, contains 31 ragas and 17 talas which form the basis for Bhajan (Kirtan) music compositions.

Bhajans can be seen in as old as Sama Veda, third Veda in Hindu scriptures. They have a very easy flow and their colloquial renderings differentiate them from the Shlokas (which are mush difficult to utter). They usually are sung in group devotees, with one or more lead singers. The theme for a Bhajan is based on lives of Gods, their preachings, preachings of saints, glories of Gods and descriptions. Tunes are often fixed and words and phrases are repeated through out the bhajan. Bhajans have come a long way from when they were introduced first in Sama Veda.

Now, a few bhajans from the wonderful world of Hindi Film Music. These bhajans incorporate one or the other type or form or tradition of bhajan described above.

1) Allah Tero Naam - From the '61 flick Hum Dono sung by Lata jee lyrics composed by Sahir Ludhianvi, Music composed by Jaidev

  2) Yashomati Maiyya Se Bole Nandalaala () - From the '78 flick Satyam Shivam Sundaram sung by Lata jee and Manna Dey, Lyrics composed by Narendra Sharma, Music Composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal (Note: This song was pictured on Padmini Kolhapure as a child artiste

  3) Jyot Se Jyot Jagaate Chalo - From the '64 flick Sant Gyaneshwar sung by Lata jee (Note: A Solo sung by Mukesh jee is also seen in the movie), Lyrics by Bharat Vyas, Music Composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal

4) Jaago Mohan Pyaare - From the '56 flick Jaagte Raho sung by Lata jee, Lyrics by Shailendra, Music Composed by Salil Chowdhury

5) Mann Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj - From the '52 flick Baiju Bawra sung by Mohd. Rafi, Lyrics composed by Shakeel Badayuni, Music Composed by Naushadh

7) 7) Jyoti Kalash Chalke - From the '61 flick Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan sung by Lata jee, Lyrics by Pt. Narendra Sharma, Music Composed by Sudhir Phadke

[YOUTUBE] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IbJJOLFcDko&feature=relat ed[/YOUTUBE]

8) Tora Mann Darpan - From the '65 flick Kaajal sung by Asha Bhosle, Lyrics by Sahir Ludhianvi, Music composed by Ravi

[YOUTUBE] http://musicwizard.vox.com/library/video/6a00e398a99b8000020 0e398b6a7750004.html[/YOUTUBE]

Types of Bhajans:

Bhajans are typically classified into the following. There is no basic criteria for definign these types, but just the way they have been either formed or sung or who sang them.

1) Suprabhata Bhajans: Bhajans that are sung in the praise of Lord early morning to wakeup the Lord. Kakad Arathi sung for Sai Baba in Shirdi is one good example for Suprabhata Bhajan.

2) Avarohana Bhajans: Bhajans that are song in a descending order of the swaras (notes) in the early morning come under this category. Bhajagovindam sung in praise of Lord Venkateshwara is one good example for such Bhajans.

 

3) Aarohana Bhajans: Bhajans sung in ascending order of swaras (or notes) mostly during the evening or close to night are placed under this category. Shej Arathi sung for Shirdi Saibaba is a good example for Aarohana Bhajan.

4) Haridas Kitran: A well-known bhajan form is Haridas Kirtan where the bhajans are story-lined and revolve around the Gods and Godesses.

5) Sampradaya Bhajans: Also known as Dakshina Bharatha Sampradaya Bhajana is famous mainly in South India. Its a collection of Keertanas and Namavalis in a specific order which was evolved mainly by Sri Marudhanallur Sadguru Swamigal, Sri Pudukottai Gopala Krishna Bhagavathar, the trinity gurus for Sampradaya Bhajans. They order followed is:

Dhyana Slokam
Sangraha Thotaka Mangalam (Thotakam - Beginning with a praise, Mangalam - End: sung in praise of Sri Adi Shankara of Kaladi, composed by Thotakacharya)
Guru Dhyanam
Guru Abhangs
Jayadeva Ashtapadi - one of the bhajan from the 8 can be heard here
Narayana Teertha Tharangam - One of the bhajan can be heard here
Badrachala Bhakta Ramdas - One of Ramdas Bhajans can be heard here
Purandara Dasa

Sadasiva Brahmendra
Thyagaraja Swamigal
Kabir Das
Meera Bai
Marathi Abhangs on Lord Panduranga
Anjaneya Keertanai
Mangalam

Swami Haridhos Giri has also contributed considerably to uplift this type of Bhajans in past few decades.

6) Sufi Bhajans: Aziz Mian has used the bhajan style in the traditional Sufi Qawwali making a different form of Bhajans. Watch one of his bhajan here ()

7) Sringeri Bhajans: A form of bhajan popularly known as Jyothirbhan is another form of Bhajan which has been uplifted from past 50 years by Sr. R. V. Krishnabhat in Bangalore. These bhajans have a flavor of classical raga and touch of tala perfection. They also have a mix of modern bhajans, kirtans and traditional bhajans.

8) Bhajan in Yoga: Surat Shabd Yoga is a form of spiritual practice that is followed in the Sant Mat and many other related spiritual traditions. These spiritual exercises (sadhanas) include repetition, (particularly silent repetition of a mantra given at initiation), and bhajan (listening to the inner sounds of the or the Shabd Master).

Different Tradiitons of Bhajans: Let's look at a few traditions of Bhajans in a little depth:

 

1) Nirguni Bhajans:  Religious / Devotional songs that are not directed to any specific deity but at what is loosely known as the formless divinity are called as Nirguni Bhajans. One of the best examples for such Bhajans were the ones written by Kabir Das. Kabir Das was a great synthesist who brought together elements of Hindu and Muslim tradition in his lyrics, which extol the power and value of prayer and spiritual concentration without prescribing a specific direction for them. He lived in the holy city of Kashi during the 15th century, at a time when India was still Muslim-dominated. No wonder his lyrics contain both Hindu and Muslim elements and traditions. Kabir's bhajans have been favorites in India for centuries.

Pt. Kumar Gandharva has mastered some of the Nirguni Bhajans written by Kabir Das and is considered one of the best Nirguni Bhajan singer of the current century. His songs are mostly based on Kabir's devotional lyrics. Another singer from the current century who sang Nirguni Bhajans was Shubhangi Sakhalkar.

2) Gorakhnathi Bhajans:

Gorakhnath was a contemporary of Kabir. He is regarded as the incarnation of Lord Siva. He calls himself as the son of Matsyendranath and grandson of Adinath. There is a temple of Gorakhnath at Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh. The followers of Gorakhnath are usually called Kanphatas, because their ears are bored and rings are inserted in them, at the time of their initiation. They worship the Lord Siva. Some of the bhajans composed by Gorakhnath were Goraksha-Sataka, Goraksha-Kalpa and Goraksha-Nama (all composed in Sanskrit).

3) Ashtachhap Bhajans:  

 

In the medievial times, the 8 great poets who sang in the praise of Lord Krishna were called as AshtaChhap. They were: Parmanandadas, Nanddas, Govindswami, Kumbhandas, Chhitswami, Krishnadas, Surdas and Chaturbhujdas (From the now Rajasthan and UttarPradesh). AshtaChhap Bhajans are mainly bhajans praising Lord Krishna and in utmost devotion towards Lord Krishna.  

 

The traditional bhajans that depict the time little Krishna spent his time with Mata Yashoda during his lifetime in the haveli are called as Haveli Sangeet. These songs also illustrate various rituals performed to Lord Krishna daily. These show maternal love.

 

However, the paternal love and affection is seen the bhajans mostly written by Ashtachhap poets. The AshtaChhap poets constituted a unique lineage of devotional expression that flowed from their personal experience with Shri Krishna. These poems are written in Samadhi Language.

 

A few bhajans from the Ashtachhap Poets:


a) Listen to a Surdas Bhajan "Maharaj Bhavani" sung by Pandit Bhimsen Joshi here

b) Listen to a Surdas Bhajan in the '42 flick Bhakt Surdas sung by Mainder and K.L. Saigal music composed by Gyan Dutt and lyrics composed by D N Madhok here

c) Another song Mayya Mori Mian Nahin Makhan Khaayo from the same flick, listen here

 

In the present century, Shri Purushottam Das Jhalota could be considered as the master of Ashtachhap Bhajan singing.  Listen to one of his song here

 

4) Madhura-bhakti Bhajans:

 

These Bhajans are based on the Madhura-Bhakti Form of devotion. In this form devotee-bhagavantha are considered to be husband-wife form. The form is called madhura bhava. In this form there is no physical (body) relationship and it is only through atma-paramathma's evolution is madhura bhava. In this bhava the devotee will be reach ecstasy when he gets Sri Hari and also suffer heavily when he feels separation with him. In the Vaishnava tradition Madhura Bhakti is considered to be the most superior form of Bhakti. Seemingly erotic sentiments expressed in some songs represent divine love and are above the mundane level.

 

One such devotee is Meera Bai. Her devotion towards Krishna is Madhura-Bhakti as she considers Sri Krishna as her beloved rather than deity. Meera Bai composed between 200 to 1300 prayerful songs called Meera Bhajans. These bhajans are in the bhakti tradition, and most passionately praised Lord Krishna. Her love for Krishna is epitomized when she disappear in the temple of Krishna in Dwarka in a state of singing ecstasy or ananda.  

 

Listen to one of her Bhajan here

 

Another contemporary was Swami Haridas who belonged to the tradition of Madhura-Bhakti. He was deeply affected by the teachings of Andhra philosopher and bhakta, Nimbarka (13th century), who spread the gospel of Radha-Krishna love. Haridas's theology embraces not merely the Love of Krishna and Radha but also the witnessing of the Love, a state of mind called rasa . This aspect of rasa, is the theme of all his songs and teachings. In such an ecstatic condition of trance he sings of the play of Krishna among the bowers of Brindavan; that is why his Lord is known as Kunj bihari (kunj = bower, bihari = one who wanders). More than Krishna, Radha was the central personality of all his poems.

 

He further divided such bhava into five types:

 

a) inclination of Gopikas to see Krishna and invitation to him

b) one seeing him and after his knotty plays; requesting him not to do the same

c) reporting/complaining to Yashoda

d) Gopikas abandonment (viraha)

e) other seperation assumptions.

 

MAY WE HAVE PEACE  AND HAPPINESS WITHIN OURSELVES AND AROUND


 

 



Edited by amukta - 08 February 2008 at 12:00am

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amukta

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Posted: 07 February 2008 at 10:34pm | IP Logged

Allah Tero Naam - From the '61 flick Hum Dono sung by Lata jee lyrics composed by Sahir Ludhianvi, Music composed by Jaidev

 



Edited by amukta - 07 February 2008 at 10:47pm

rock&roll

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Posted: 07 February 2008 at 10:36pm | IP Logged

Originally posted by 2smart4u

SONPAN! u better read every word of this!!!LOL

ROFL....omg Dia,u r too much.....ROFLROFL

tere is baat pe Sonpan bhajan nahin gaane waali.......Wink

Thank u very much for the excellent info,amuktaji.....Big smile

amukta

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amukta

Joined: 12 January 2006

Posts: 4030

Posted: 07 February 2008 at 10:36pm | IP Logged
 Yashomati Maiyya Se Bole Nandalaala () - From the '78 flick Satyam Shivam Sundaram sung by Lata jee and Manna Dey, Lyrics composed by Narendra Sharma, Music Composed by Laxmikant




Edited by amukta - 07 February 2008 at 10:49pm

rock&roll

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rock&roll

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Posted: 07 February 2008 at 10:37pm | IP Logged
will come back tomorrow with some good bhajans,amuktaji.... Big smile

amukta

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amukta

Joined: 12 January 2006

Posts: 4030

Posted: 07 February 2008 at 10:39pm | IP Logged
 Jyoti Kalash Chalke - From the '61 flick Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan sung by Lata jee, Lyrics by Pt. Narendra Sharma, Music Composed by Sudhir Phadke

[YOUTUBE] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IbJJOLFcDko&feature=relat ed[/YOUTUBE]



Edited by amukta - 07 February 2008 at 10:50pm

SonPan

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SonPan

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Posted: 07 February 2008 at 10:39pm | IP Logged
Originally posted by rock&roll

Originally posted by 2smart4u

SONPAN! u better read every word of this!!!LOL

ROFL....omg Dia,u r too much.....ROFLROFL

tere is baat pe Sonpan bhajan nahin gaane waali.......Wink

Thank u very much for the excellent info,amuktaji.....Big smile

LOL Yes maam... I did actually!! Smile....  thanks alot amukta....Smile

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