Hey guys warm wishes to you ALL the indians throughout the world
The impact of English
education in India led to the growth of nationalism, resulting in
freedom of thought and liberalism. It also made the educated people
blindly follow Western Culture. But a strong reaction against the
sweeping current of Western influence manifested itself in the third
quarter of the nineteenth century. It was mainly due to the growing
knowledge of the glory and greatness of ancient India. The revelation
of India's past was one of the strongest foundations on which Indian
nationalism was built.
The spirit of Indian
nationalism was intensified by the growing discontent and disaffection
with British rule due to the racial arrogance of the rulers. In this
regard, Sir Thomas Munro wrote in 1817, "Foreign conquerors have
treated the natives with violence, but none has treated them with so
much scorn as we; none have stigmatized the whole people as unworthy of
trust, as incapable of honesty, and as fit to be employed only where we
cannot do without them. It seems not only ungenerous, but impolite to
debase the character of a people fallen under our dominion."
The social exclusiveness
of the Englishmen, their arrogance and insolent treatment of Indians,
particularly the immunity which they practically enjoyed for their
criminal acts, including even the murder of Indians, were sources of
To the English-educated Indians who formed the main pillars of support
for British rule, virtual exclusion from the higher branches of
administration on purely racial grounds was the rudest shock.
The favoritism that afforded Englishmen superiority over Indians in all
walks of life, the rulers' self-centered economic policy, and the
restrictions imposed on Indians by the Arms Act were responsible for
much discontent and disaffection among Indians.
The major mass movement for India's freedom from this alien rule was
the so-called Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. The main cause of this mutiny was
discontent and anger throughout the army. The uneasiness, misery and
pain brought upon all from high offices, both in the civil
administration and in the army; the economic exploitation both of
landlords and tenants; destruction of old and renowned royal dynasties
such as those of Peshwa, Bhonsle, Avadh, Jhansi, Punjab and Satara; the
economic exploitation of the country, destruction of Indian industries
and forced increase in land revenues... these are some of the main
causes that led to discomfort and anger among the Indian population.
Other major events that resulted in India's Independence are as follows:
- The Partition of Bengal in 1905 by the British Government, based on religions and languages.
- The British Government's efforts to enlist the support of the Muslims against the Hindus.
- The spread of the spirit of Hindu-Muslim unity--Allah-O-Akbar and Vande Mataram.
- The Swadeshi Movement--an economic boycott of foreign goods in support of domestic products.
- Repressive measures by the British
Vivekananda's clarion call to the nation--"Man-making is my mission of
life. You try to translate this mission of mine into action and
reality. Your duty should be service to the motherland. India should be
freed politically first... for the next fifty years this alone shall be
our keynote--this, our great Mother India. Let all other vain gods
disappear for that time from our minds." These powerful utterances had
a deep impact on the minds of the people.
Other important moments and movements in the history of India's Independence:
The impact of different organizations such as Brahmo Samaj founded by
Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Arya Samaj by Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Prarthana
Samaj (Bombay), Swarajya Party, and the Theosophical Society started by
Formation of the Indian National Congress in 1885.
Mahatma Gandhi's arrival from South Africa and the rise of the Indian
National Congress as an expression of the revolt of the Indian people
against alien rule.
Nationalism of extremists--Sri Aurobindo, Subhash Chandra Bose, Bal
Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpa Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal.
World Wars I and II, which weakened the power of the British rulers.
Mahatma's Swadeshi Movement starting from Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act.
The Jalianwala Bagh massacre on 13 April 1919, where over 400 innocent
and unarmed people were killed, and the imposition of martial law in
The pronouncement of complete independence at the Lahore Session of the
Indian National Congress in 1929, which caused the awakening of a new
spirit in the nation.
Mahatma's successful civil disobedience movement all over the country
against the Salt Laws. His Salt March at Dandi, Gujarat, in December
1930 spread to various parts of the country.
The "Quit India" movement in 1942 and its nationwide impact.
we fighted all the odds against us and at the end we won the battels we work together and we INDIANS are proud of it, so
Happy Indenpendence day TO ALL
Please contribute your tribute and A big CLAP to ALL our SOLDIERS WHO WORKED HARD TO WIN EACH BATTEL HELD AGAINST US
Edited by Megha_Desai - 15 August 2005 at 4:33am