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Shivaji Jayanti - Feb 19th

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RonnieK

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RonnieK

Joined: 28 December 2005

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Posted: 19 February 2007 at 8:10pm | IP Logged







Shivaji Bhonsle, also known as Chatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhonsle was the founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1674. Using superbly suited to the rugged mountains and valleys of the region, he annexed a portion of the then dominant guerilla tactics Mughal empire. He is considered a great hero in India particularly in the present-day state of Maharashtra, and stories of his exploits have entered into folklore.

Shivaji began his career by gathering round him bands of the hardy peasantry called the Mavales and waging guerrilla wars against the kingdom of Bijapur. Between 1646 and 1658 he captured a number of Bijapuri strong-holds and in 1659 killed Afzal Khan, a renowned Bijapur general sent against him with a strong army. In the course of his wars against Bijapur, Shivaji also attacked Mughal territories in the Deccan, and this brought him into direct conflict with Aurangzeb, last of the great Mughals.

In 1664 Shivaji sacked the preeminent port city of Surat on the western coast, which brought retaliation from Aurangzeb in the form of a vast army led by the Rajput general Jai Singh. Shivaji could not withstand this offensive and signed the Treaty of Purandar in 1665, by which he surrendered 23 forts and agreed to enroll in the Mughal imperial service as a faithful retainer. In 1666 he visited Aurangzeb's court in Agra, where he was virtually kept in confinement, but escaped through a clever stratagem.

During 1667-1669 Shivaji kept his peace but renewed his wars with a second sack of Surat, in 1670. During the next 4 years he expanded his power in the western coastal lands and the south and on June 6, 1674, climaxed his career with his formal coronation in the fort of Raigarh, heralding the birth of the new and sovereign state of the Marathas. The last years of his life were spent in extending the territories under the control of his new state. Shivaji died on April 4, 1680.

Shivaji was no mere warrior or "freebooter," as his adversaries described him. He was a man with a grand vision for the liberation of the Hindus from Mughal rule and the creation of a government inspired by principles of unity, independence, and justice. His charisma united the caste-ridden people of Maharashtra, and in his administrative arrangements he displayed an uncommon wisdom. He also appreciated the growing importance of naval power in the politics of 17th-century India and began to create a navy of his own, one of the few rulers of India to do so. In his personal appearance he was of medium stature but well built, quick and piercing of eye, ready to smile and chivalrous in his dealings with all, including his erstwhile foes. Shivaji's significance in Indian history lies in the hammerblows he struck against the Mughal Empire and the dynamism he imparted to the Marathas, which helped them go on to stake imperial claims during 1720-1760.

Shivaji was a great hero of India

Sorry for making this post kinda late

Lets not forget this lion of India so lets celebrate his 380th Birthday

Jai Hind



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Miss.Colorfull

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mehak_kapoor

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Joined: 21 December 2006

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Posted: 20 February 2007 at 12:10am | IP Logged
thnx 4 informing this Tongue

kal-el

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kal-el

Joined: 12 January 2007

Posts: 10324

Posted: 20 February 2007 at 1:30am | IP Logged
cool i am a muslim but its always good to learn about other peoples culture Smile

Xx..uvt..xX

IF-Rockerz

Xx..uvt..xX

Joined: 21 October 2005

Posts: 9551

Posted: 22 February 2007 at 7:24pm | IP Logged
ohh interesting write up ronnie Big smile thanks for makin this post and Happy 38th Bday to Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Big smile Clap

Miss.Colorfull

IF-Sizzlerz

Miss.Colorfull

Joined: 12 August 2006

Posts: 11566

Posted: 22 February 2007 at 7:41pm | IP Logged
thank s for informing.great piece of history of india to share

eexxoottiicc

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eexxoottiicc

Joined: 24 October 2006

Posts: 6917

Posted: 23 February 2007 at 12:53am | IP Logged
awesome post Clap Clap
oh so hes the guy on ur avatar lol Wink
Happy 380th birthday to Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Tongue

RonnieK

IF-Rockerz

RonnieK

Joined: 28 December 2005

Posts: 6009

Posted: 26 February 2007 at 6:14pm | IP Logged
Originally posted by luvneet

ohh interesting write up ronnie Big smile thanks for makin this post and Happy 38th Bday to Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Big smile Clap

welcome luvneet Tongue
bas apna farz hain Wink
its 380th birthday not 38th LOL but its cool loll

RonnieK

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RonnieK

Joined: 28 December 2005

Posts: 6009

Posted: 26 February 2007 at 6:15pm | IP Logged
Originally posted by ~*LiL PrInCeZ*~

awesome post Clap Clap
oh so hes the guy on ur avatar lol Wink
Happy 380th birthday to Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Tongue

thanks Big smile
yea hes the guy in my avatar LOL and hes soo cool Wink

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