(May Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be on all of you)
What is Laylat ul Qadr?
"Lailat ul Qadr"is combination of 2 Arabic words "Lail" means "Night" and "Qadr" means destiny, honour and dignity. So "Lailat ul Qadr" may be translated as " The night of Power/Decree".
Laylat ul Qadr's Importance in Islam
This very much blessed night holds great importance in Islam and in lives of Muslims around the world.
In light of Quran & Tafaseer (interpretation)
1. Night of destiny.
All events for the coming year are handed over to the angels in this night thus, news of death, sustenance, Hajj, rain, disasters, etc all are written and handed over to the relevant angels on this night (Tafseer Ibn e Kathir). So you can also call this night as night of destiny as Allah mentions about this night in Surah Dukhan verses 1-6.
Ha, Meem. By the clear Book, Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind]. On that night is made distinct every precise matter - [Every] matter [proceeding] from Us. Indeed, We were to send [a messenger] As mercy from your Lord. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing. [Surat 44,Ad-Dukhan (Verses 1-6].
2. Night of Qur'an's revelation.
Qur'an was revealed in this night on Prophet Mohammad Peace be Upon Him beginning with the exhortation, "Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists) (Surh Alaq verse 1)
3. Praying reward in this night is equal to 1000 months.
This night is better than 1000 months i.e. (83.3 years) in terms of rewards, if we pray in this night we will not get the reward of praying only one night instead we will get the reward for the prayers of 1000 months. What could be better to pray for a night and get the highest reward, definitely it's the Mercy of Allah.
4. Nigh of Peace
Allah said this night is full of peace (and goodness from Allah) till the appearance of Dawn.
5. Angles come on this earth.
Gabriel A.S and angles come on earth in this night by Allah's permission.
Here is the brief description in Quran's words in Surah Al-Qadr.
1. Verily! We have sent it (this Qur'an) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)2. And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?3. The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months).4. Therein descend the angels and the Ruh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] by Allah's Permission with all Decrees, 5. Peace! (All the night, there is peace and Goodness from Allah to his believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn. (Surah 97 Al Qadr).
Forgiveness of Sins.
The one who fast for Ramadan and prays out of sincere faith and hope for the best reward from Allah, all his / her previous sins will be forgiven in sha' Allah (if Allah wills).
Narrated by Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) The Prophet (May peace be upon him) said, "Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven ." (Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 32, Number 231)
Determining Laylat ul Qadr
As far as determining "Lailat ul Qadr" (the Night of Power /Decree) is concerned, it has been reported to be during one of the odd numbered nights of the last ten nights of Ramadan, i.e. 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th. So the one who wanted to be blessed and get the maximum reward must try to find out this night.
Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who is anxious to seek it (Lailat-ul-Qadr) should seek it in the last ten (nights of Ramadan). (Muslim , Book 006, Number 2622)
Salim b. 'Abdullah b. 'Umar (Allah be pleased with Him) reported that his father said: I heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: So far as Lailat-ul-Qadr is concerned, some persons among you have seen it (in a dream) in the first week and some persons among you have been shown that it is in the last week; so seek it in the last ten (nights). (Muslim, Book 006, Number 2620).
Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Seek it (Lailat-ul-Qadr) in the last (ten nights).If one among you shows slackness and weakness (in the earlier part of Ramadan), it should not be allowed to prevail upon him in the last week. (Muslim, Book 006, Number 2621).
Things to do in Laylat ul Qadr
Its better if someone can practice Itikaf (to devote ourselves for the sake of Allah's remembrance in Masjid (mosque) and avoid worldly deeds) in the last 10 days of Ramadan as it was practice of our beloved Prophet Mohammad (Peace be upon Him).
Narrated by Aisha(Allah be pleased with her): Allah's Apostle used to practice Itikaf in the last ten nights of Ramadan and used to say, "Look for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan ," (Bukhari Volume 3, Book 32, Number 23)
Narrated by Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) The Prophet (May peace be upon him) said, "whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven ." (Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 32, part of Number 231)
Make Special Supplication
Prophet Mohammad Peace be upon him asked us to pray as following if we may find Lailat ul Qadr.
Transliteration: "Allahumma innaka 'afuwwun tuhibbul 'afwa fa'fu 'annee"
Aisha (may Allah be pleased with Her) said: I asked the Messenger of Allah: 'O Messenger of Allah, if I know what night is the night of Qadr, what should I say during it?' He said: 'Say: O Allah, You are pardoning and You love to pardon, so pardon me.' "(Tirmadhi hadith # 3513 & Ibn e Majah hadith # 3850).
Recite Qur'an as much as you can as this night is Qur'an's revelation's night so reciting Qur'an is one of the most desirable act. It is good if someone can attend special arranged Qur'an classes in Layalt ul Qadr to teach or to learn Qur'an as per his / her comfort. You can also listen Qur'an as listening Qur'an also holds great reward, you can read and listen Qur'an with in different languages and Transliteration here
Ponder upon Qur'an and its Message
Think deeply about Qur'an's message and how it is effecting your life. If you don't know Arabic, you can get the help with Qur'an's translations and interpretations. You can check Tafsir Ibn e Kathir in following links
Make long and sincere Dua's no matter how small or how big it is, whether it deals with this world or not, ask Allah for everything you need. Allah loves to hear from us.
Dua / Supplications from Qur'an o ahadith may be found here, both in English and Urdu.
Dua / Supplicaitons from Quran o Ahadith
Ahadith about signs Of Lailat -ul-Qadr
Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported: We were talking about Lailat-ul-Qadr in the presence of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and he said: He who amongst you remembers (the night) when the moon arose and it was like a piece of plate (at the fag end of the month in a state of waning). (Muslim, Book 006, Number 2635).
Zirr b. Habaish (Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked Ubayy b. Ka'b (Allah be pleased with him): Your brother (in faith) Ibn Mas'ud says: He who stands (for the night prayer) throughout the year would find Lailat-ul-Qadr, whereupon he said: May Allah have mercy upon him; (he said these words) with the intention that people might not rely only (on one night), whereas he knew that it (Lailat-ul-Qadr) is in the month of Ramadan and it is the twenty-seventh night. He then took oath (without making any exception, i.e. without saying Insha Allah) that it was the twenty-seventh night. I said to him: Abu Mundhir, on what ground do you say that? Thereupon he said: By the indication or by the sign which the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) gave us, and that is that on that day (the sun) would rise without having any ray in it. (Muslim, Book 006, Number 2633).
'Abdullah b. Unais (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: I was shown Lailat-ul-Qadr; then I was made to forget it, and saw that I was prostrating in water and clay in the morning of that (night). He (the narrator) said: There was a downpour on the twenty-third night and the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) led us in prayer, and as he went back, there was a trace of water and clay on his forehead and on his nose. He (the narrator) said: 'Abdullah b. Unais used to say that it was the twenty-third (night). (Muslim, Book 006, Number 2631)
Abu Salama (Allah be pleased with her)reported: 'We discussed amongst ourselves Lailat-ul-Qadr. I came to Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) who was a friend of mine and said to him: Would you not go with us to the garden of date trees? He went out with a cloak over him. I said to him: Did you hear the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) making mention of Lailat-ul-Qadr? He said: Yes, (and added) we were observing i'tikaf with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) in the middle ten days of Ramadan, and came out on the morning of the twentieth and the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) addressed us and said: I was shown Lailat-ul-Qadr, but I forgot (the exact night) or I was caused to forget it, so seek it in the last ten odd (nights), and I was shown that I was prostrating in water and clay. So he who wanted to observe i'tikaf with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) should return (to the place of i'tikaf). He (Abu Sa'id al-Khudri) said: And we returned and did not find any patch of cloud in the sky. Then the cloud gathered and there was (so heavy) a downpour that the roof of the mosque which was made of the branches of date-palms began to drip. Then there was prayer and I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) prostrating in water and clay till I saw the traces of clay on his forehead. (Muslim, Book 006, Number 2628)
A Special Request to pray for Ghaza and all suffering around the globe.
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Edited by hukshila - 19 July 2014 at 2:04pm