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The Misconception of Jodha Bai as Akbar's wife

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..RamKiJanaki..

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Posted: 21 June 2013 at 3:09pm | IP Logged
Hi guys,

I am new to this forum and would like to reveal something interesting. Smile Although in modern times, the romance of Jodha and Akbar has become popular, history tells us something different.

Historians who have studies the diaries of Mughal rulers such as Akbar and Jahangir have revealed that a "Jodha Bai" did not exist in Akbar's harem. Yes, he did have a Rajput princess as his wife who may have later become the mother of Prince Salim (though there is no written proof for that), but her name was Hira Bai (also known as Mariam Us-Zamani). The name "Jodha" does not exist in Akbar's harem, but his son Salim/Jahangir had a wife called Jodha. Here is an article that tells us more about this news. 


Did a Jodha Bai ever exist, ask historians

Rajnish Sharma, TNN Sep 16, 2006, 01.33am IST

NEW DELHI: Poetic or creative license is all well, but can you create your own history or push cinematic liberty to the extreme where you end up peddling romanticised folklore as a slice of history? What do you do when there are doubts over the very existence of the character that you hope to recreate on celluloid?

These are some of the questions that film-maker Ashutosh Gowariker will have to answer when he sets out to shoot his magnum opus Jodhaa Akbar starring Hrithik Roshan and Aishwarya Rai.

Who was Jodha Bai? Indeed, if she existed at all, it was as Akbar's daughter-in-law (she was married to Jahangir) and not his wife! But, if you go by folktales and K Asif's classic Mughal-e-Azam, she was Amber ruler Raja Bharmal's daughter and Akbar's wife.

Here is what some of the country's top historians have to say: Asserts renowned historian and former chairman of Indian Council of Historical Research, Prof Irfan Habib, There was not any historical character called Jodha Bai.

It's true that Akbar married Amber ruler Raja Bharmal's eldest daughter but her name is not mentioned anywhere. And she was certainly not Jahangir's mother. Even Jahangir in his memoirs (Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri) does not mention anything about his mother's side.

Former president of Indian History Congress and chairman of history department, Aligarh University, Prof Iqtedar Alam Khan corroborates Habib's version: It is only a Punjab historian Sujan Rai Bhandari, who in his book Khulasat-ut-Tawarikh mentions for the first time that the Amber princess whom Akbar married was Jahangir's mother.

But even Rai does not refer to her as Jodha Bai. However, there is another twist in the tale.

Medieval India, an NCERT history text book for Class XI by Satish Chandra, clearly states on page 165: To strengthen his position, Udai Singh married his daughter, Jagat Gosain or Jodha Bai as she came to be called, to Akbar's eldest son Salim (Jahangir).

N R Farooqi, HoD of Allahabad University History department, confirms this when he says, Jodha was not Akbar's wife but Jahangir's and she was Shahjahan's mother. Bagh-e-Jahan Ara, an 80-acre garden in Agra, used to house her mausoleum till it was sold for Rs 5,000 by the British and subsequently razed to the ground.

http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2006-09-16/india/27825162_1_jodhaa-akbar-jodha-bai-jahangir



Edited by JanakiRaghunath - 21 June 2013 at 3:11pm

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Posted: 21 June 2013 at 3:10pm | IP Logged

Mariam uz-Zamani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Mariam uz-zamani
    Mughal Empress
    Birth of jahangir.jpg
    Artistic depiction of Mariam uz-Zamani alias Harkha Bai
    Full nameRajkumari Hira Kunwari
    BornOctober 1, 1542
    BirthplaceAmer
    DiedMay 19, 1623 (aged 81)[1]
    BuriedMariam's Tomb
    DynastyMughal

    Mariam uz-zamani (Other Names:Rukmavati SahibaRajkumari Hira KunwariHarkha Bai). was a Mughal Empress, after her marriage to Mughal Emperor Akbar .

    Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, the autobiography of Jahangir, doesn't mention Jodha Bai .The great Mughal emperor Akbar had three historians during his rule who recorded the history of their time -- Abul Fazal wrote the Akbar Nama, Abdul Qadir Badayuni wrote the Mutakhabutawarikh and Nizamuddin Ahmed (also called Nizamuddin Bakshi) wrote the Tabqat-i-Akbari. None of them have mentioned 'Jodhabhai' in their books. "These books were written in Persian and there is no mention of Queen Jodhabai. There is no proof of her in history," says Dr S M Azizuddin Hussain, history teacher at the Department of History, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi . There is no proper evidence that the mariam uz-zamani was the Emperor Akbar's wife. [2]


    Her name as in Mughal chronicles was Mariam-uz-Zamani. This is why the mosque of Mariyam Zamani Begum was constructed in The Walled City Of Lahore, present day Pakistan, in her honour. She was also the sister of Bhagwant Das and the aunt of Man Singh I of Amber.[3]

    The Mosque of Mariyam Zamani Begum was built by her son Nuruddin Salim Jahangir and is situated in the Walled City of Lahore, present day Pakistan, while Mariam's Tomb is situated 1km away from Tomb of Akbar the Great, at Sikandra, near Agra, present day India.

    Life[edit]

    Mariam uz-zamani was married to Akbar on February 6, 1562, at Sambhar, Rajasthan, India. She was became a wife of Akbar after, Empress Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, who was Akbar's first wife and principal consort,[4] and his second wife, Salima Sultan Begum, the widow of his most trusted general, Bairam Khan. After her marriage, Hira Kunwari was given the title Mariam-uz-Zamani ("Mary of the Age").[5]

    Mariam Zamani Palace

    She is said to have been politically involved in the court until Nur Jahan became empress.

    Maryam Zamani owned and oversaw the ships that carried Haj pilgrims to and from the Islamic holy city Mecca. In 1613, her ship, the Rahimi was seized by Portuguese pirates along with the 600-700 passengers and the cargo. When the Portuguese officially refused to return the ship and the passengers, the outcry at the Moghul court was quite severe. Zamani's son, the Indian emperor Jahangir ordered the seizure of the Portuguese town Daman. This episode is considered to be an example of the struggle for wealth that would later ensue and lead to colonization of the Indian sub-continent.[6]

    Maryam Zamani died in 1623.[7] As per her last wishes, a vav or step well was constructed by Jahangir. Her tomb, built in 1611, is on the Tantpur road now known as inJyoti Nagar. She was buried according to Islamic custom. The tomb's location reduced its chances of becoming a tourist attraction, but likewise, its lack of visibility meant it fell into a state of disrepair. However, in the middle of 2010, the Ministry of Culture expressed interest for saving it when news of the tomb's condition spread through media. As a result, the location is now under being managed by the Indian Government.

    The misnomer Mariam uz-zamani[edit]

    There is a popular perception that the wife of Akbar, mother of Jahangir, was known as "Mariam uz-zamani".[8]

    Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, the autobiography of Jahangir, doesn't mention Jodha Bai.[8] Therein, she is referred to as Mariam Zamani.[9] Neither the Akbarnama (a biography of Akbar commissioned by Akbar himself), nor any historical text from the period refer to her as Jodha Bai.[9]

    According to Professor Shirin Moosvi, a historian of Aligarh Muslim University, the name "Jodha Bai" was first used to refer to Akbar's wife in the 18th and 19th centuries in historical writings.[9] According to the historian Imtiaz Ahmad, the director of the Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library in Patna, the name "Jodha" was used for Akbar's wife for the first time by Lieutenant-Colonel James Tod, in his book Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan.[5]

    According to Professor N R Farooqi, a historian of Allahabad Central University, Jodha Bai was not the name of Akbar's queen; it was the name of Jahangir's wife Princess Manmati of Jodhpur, whose real name was Jagat Gosain.[8]

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    Posted: 21 June 2013 at 3:14pm | IP Logged

    Jodha Bai : Akbar's Wife or Daughter-in-Law?

    Who was Jodha Bai (or Jodhaa Bai)? If she existed at all, it was as Akbar's daughter-in-law (she was married to Jahangir) and not his wife as claimed by rajputs of rajasthan after seeing portrayal of Jodha bai as wife of Akbar in Ashutosh Gowarikar's upcoming movie - Jodha-Akbar. Hrithik Roshan plays Akbar and Aishwarya Rai plays Jodha Bai in Gowarikar's Jodhaa - Akbar.

    Akbar's wife

    If we go by folktales and K Asif's classic 'Mughal-e-Azam', Jodha bai was Amber ruler Raja Bharmal's daughter and Akbar's wife. Here's what some of the country's top historians have to say. The historians are divided over name not the person. Most of them agree that Akbar married the daughter of Raja Bharmal of Amber but differ over her name. She is said to be born on October 1, 1542 as the daughter of Raja Bharmal of Amber and aunt of Man Singh, who later on became one of the nine jewels (Navaratnas) in the court of Akbar. In 1562, she married Akbar the Great and was 22 days elder than him. She was among the three 'chief queens' of Emperor Akbar. His first queen was the childless, Ruqaiyya Begum and his second wife was Salima Sultan, widow of Bairam Khan, Akbar's most trusted general. 

    Jodhabai was allowed to practice Hinduism freely. She is said to have been politically involved in the court until Nur Jahan became empress. According to Thomas Roe, she was involved in active sea trade and owned a ship named Ramiti which carried pilgrims to Mecca. 

    In 1586, Jodhabai arranged a marriage of her son, Prince Salim (later Jahangir), to Man Singh's sister Princess Manmati, who was the mother of Prince Khusro. Jodhabai died in 1611. As per her last wishes a vav or step well was constructed by Jahangir. 

    Abul Fazal's 'Ain-e-Akbari' and 'Akbarnama' have no reference to Jodha Bai. The name also doesn't find mention in Jehangir's memoirs. Similarly, there is no mention of Jodha Bai in Bada'uni's 'Muntakhib-al-Tawarikh'. At Aligarh Muslim university, there has been no reference shown in documents to jodha bai but still there is a mention of Jodha Bai in the works of K.L. Khurana, A.L. Shrivastav and Munni Lal and many other historians. In 'Kachchawon ka Itihas' she is mentioned by the name of Harika Bai. In another book she is called Manmati and Shahi Bai.

    Jahangir's wife

    Mughal Emperors had many wives, some to consolidate political alliances and others for physical needs. Apart from this, some historians have a conflicting opinion. Historian Jadunath Sarkar says, "Uday Singh of Jaipur married his daughter to Jehangir. Her name was Mira Bai but she was also known as Jodh Bai and not Jodha Bai." Asserts renowned historian and former chairman of Indian Council of Historical Research, Prof Irfan Habib, "There wasn't any historical character called Jodha Bai. It's true that Akbar married Amber ruler Raja Bharmal's eldest daughter but her name isn't mentioned anywhere. And she was certainly not Jahangir's mother. Even Jahangir in his memoirs (Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri) doesn't mention anything about his mother's side."

    Opinion of other historians

    Former President of Indian History Congress and chairman of History Department, Aligarh University, Prof Iqtedar Alam Khan corroborates Habib's version: "It is only a Punjab historian Sujan Rai Bhandari, who in his book Khulasat-ut-Tawarikh mentions for the first time that the Amber princess whom Akbar married was Jahangir's mother. But even Rai doesn't refer to her as Jodha Bai." Medieval India, an NCERT (National Council for Educational Research and Training) history text book for Class XI by Satish Chandra clearly states on page 165: "To strengthen his position, Udai Singh married his daughter, Jagat Gosain or Jodha Bai as she came to be called, to Akbar's eldest son Salim (Jahangir)." 

    NR Farooqi, HoD of Allahabad University's history department, confirms this when he says, "Jodha was not Akbar's wife but Jahangir's and she was Shahjahan's mother. Bagh-e-Jahan Ara, an 80-acre garden in Agra, used to house her mausoleum till it was sold for Rs 5,000 by the British and subsequently razed to the ground. Its records are available with the Agra Commissioner's office." If this is not enough, there's a definitive footnote on page 5 of History of Jahangir penned by the noted historian (late) Beni Prasad: 'No chronicler mentions the Rajput name of Jahangir's mother. Sujan Rai (Khulasat-ut-Tawarikh, Delhi edition, 1918, page 374) alone mentions the official designation.' 

    The existing belief might have some thing to do with 'Mughal-e-Azam', where Durga Khote played Jodha Bai and also every guide at Agra will tell you Akbar's wife was Jodha Bai. The existence of structures like Jodha Bai Ka Rauza in Fatehpur Sikri also confirm the existing belief. However this is a matter of political debate in Rajasthan, with various Rajput organisations taking the field against the former royal families of Jaipur and Kishangarh about exactly which Rajput princess married which Mughal emperor.

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    meghumonu

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    Posted: 21 June 2013 at 7:22pm | IP Logged
    itz a fiction show miss topic maker and before the start of each episodes there is a disclaimer shown that it is a fictional story with no historical accuracies attached!! chill yar!! so plzz dnt bring us again that jodha is not akbar's wife again and again!!

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    Posted: 21 June 2013 at 7:32pm | IP Logged
    Originally posted by meghan432

    itz a fiction show miss topic maker and before the start of each episodes there is a disclaimer shown that it is a fictional story with no historical accuracies attached!! chill yar!! so plzz dnt bring us again that jodha is not akbar's wife again and again!!
     
    I just opened a topic for normal discussion, I'm not criticizing the show at all. Smile It's not just the show, many people believe in the love story of Jodha Akbar.
     
    And actually, it's not a fictional show. It's a historical show because Akbar was a true character. Just because there's a disclaimer in the beginning saying it's fiction, doesn't make it a fiction. The Mughal Era was real. Akbar was real, so serial makers do have a responsibility to show the real story. They can't just tack on a disclaimer and show what they want.
     
    Anyway, I'm not criticizing the show at all. I'm just posting some interesting information that historians claim Jodha was not Akbar's wife. I did not know this was discussed before in the forum, so I'm sorry if it's unwelcome news.

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    Posted: 21 June 2013 at 9:44pm | IP Logged
    who cares about history and truth
    it is fiction show and i m enjoying this

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    Posted: 21 June 2013 at 10:14pm | IP Logged
    It's not a fictional show if a real emperor's name is being used LOL
    I do not know who is who 
    But stop being so rude to the TM 
    She didn't say anything offensive 
    It's a historical show where questions will arise and people will believe different things

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    Posted: 21 June 2013 at 10:43pm | IP Logged
    hey janu di Big smile i see ur name n im like yayy!janu di is hereLOL
     
    interesting read di.tfs =)
     
    n guys,she wasnt criticising  ,she only was sharing some info she found interesting n thot we would too
     
    Im enjoying the show,no matter what thoughBig smile how can anyone see rajat and not be impressed? ;)

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