Originally posted by atominis
@ The PirateKing
Rana Sanga thought Babur would let it be? Huge error.
I read he lost Battle of Khanua due to inability to compete with advanced artillery used by Babur.
Agree on no permanent enemies or friends in politics. US and MP were fighting Afghans earlier. But later in Battle of Haldighati MP deployed an Afghan Hakim Khan Sur to fight against Mughals.
This hokum about freedom fighters is unnecessary.
Long post so bear with me...
What Rana Sanga thought is something unfortunately only he can answer. Maybe he thought that Babur was just another plunderer like Ghaznavi and would leave after sometime. It's a fact that Babur hated the heat in the plains of India, but he actually had nowhere to go but to stay put in India and rule from Delhi to Kabul. He had far more powerful enemies in his homeland.
More than artillery it was the horse archers that caused the most damage and the matchlockmen also caused quite a bit. Babur's artillery fired approximately one round in about 30 min maybe enough for Lodhi but certainly not enough to defeat a strong enemy like Sanga. Even the most advanced French developed artillery of Marathas in 1761 fired a round in around 6-7 minutes. Khanwa was 200 years before that.
The other story is about Rao Shiladi defecting. According to Baburnama the battle was tight till evening and the next sentence has Babur celebrating victory. Not sure what is true, but Rao Shiladi was part of negotiating team. The negotiations actually went on for months before they broke down. So its a possibility he would have known Babur well enough.
Rana Sanga was injured by arrows in the battle and had to be carried away, so most likely his men would have thought that victory was beyond them and would have retreated. Babur got no prisoners and could not even loot the Rajput's camp indicating that withdrawal was orderly.
Lots of small Muslim states (primarily Afghan) were vassals of Mewar, and they gathered around Pratap simply because he was the only hope to defeat the Mughals. Atleast Hakim Khan and his men fought valiantly and perished.