Sensational South


Sensational South
Sensational South

~Makar Sankrati | Pongalo Pongal~

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Posted: 11 January 2013 at 8:55am | IP Logged


W I S D O M        D I V I N E   K N O W L E D G E       S P I R I T U A L   L I G H T
which receded from you when you reveled in the darkness of ignorance, delusion and sensuality, now joyously turns on its northward course and moves towards you to shed its light and warmth in greater abundance, and to infuse into you more life and energy!
~Unknown Author~
 J A N U A R Y    1 4 T H    2 0 1 3
It's a new harvest season yet again in the Southern Asian Regions and
to mark this auspicious day, all the households prepare a feast in a rather
spiritual and traditional way.
Similar way, we wish to bring the festive feel to
which consists of members from all over India and the World.
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Click On the Forum Names to be directed to the individual forums!
Friends, join us today to celebrate this auspicious day!


Edited by Aahaana - 13 January 2013 at 9:08pm

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_Manpreet_ IF-Sizzlerz

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Posts: 16286

Posted: 13 January 2013 at 5:11pm | IP Logged
"The commencement of Thai paves the way for new opportunities"
 Tamil Nadu 
The month of January in the Tamil Calendar
begins on the day of Thai Pongal!
An auspicious day celebrated all over the World by Tamilians
to thank Lord Surya as well as the farmers and the animals in giving
us the farm produce.  This four day celebration welcomes the new
harvest year and each day denotes a significant tradition.
Bogi Pongal
Ridding the Bad and the Evil!
In anticipation of the festive season, members of the household clean and deck up their houses, and on the day before Thai Pongal, namely 'Bogi Pongal', all the unnecessary items are burnt.  This is symbolic of ridding the bad and evil.
 Surya Pongal
Pongalo Pongal - Honoring the Surya Bhagvan and the farmers
The day of celebrating Thai Pongal, commences with members of the household decorating the house front yard with Rangoli/Kolam, along with a makeshift stove, facing the direction in which the Sun would rise from (East). 
A clay pot, adorned with mango leaves and sugar cane pieces, is placed on top of the stove and following some prayers the fire is set and the pongal is prepared (Sweet Rice).
~Credits to Anjkhoney~
As the water boils, various ingredients are added (rice, milk, jaggery, etc.) and later the content are let to spill over, defining Pongal.  At this moment, everyone chants, Pongalo Pongal and celebrate the moment.  Once the rice is cooked, everyone offers prayers and then offer food to Lord Surya as well as the farmers. 
Mattu Pongal
Honoring the animals
The day after Thai Pongal is dedicated to the animals that help out during the process of harvesting and also provide milk, including bulls and cows.  Each animal is decorated beautifully and the horns are painted colorfully. 
Kaanum Pongal
Dedicated to the Sun God
The last day of celebrations is dedicated to the Sun God.  On this day, sisters pray for the well being of their brothers.
Festive Seasons are often accompanied with
movie releases and this season, the following movies
were released:
A new beginning
A new destination
With happiness or sorrow
With pain or pleasure
Happy Makar Sankranti!
 Andra Pradesh 
The festivities of Sankranti/Pongal colour the lands of Andra Pradesh as well! The celebration is divided into Four Days:
 Bogi Pongal

The element of Fire has always had significant meaning within various societies and culture. Bogi is the gathering of people around a Bonfire. The notion of this is to eliminate some of the evils, by curing diseases that are prevalent in societies. It is inaugurated by children being given a Bhogi Pandhu bath. This is a combination of various food materials such as berries, sugarcanes, etc. Later on, everyone is given an Arti to ward off all evil eyes. 

 Makara Sankranti
This day marks the main event of the four day festival. It starts off with every member in the household dressing in new clothes and offering prayers to the Lord, Surya (Sun). Afterwards, the threshold of the house is adorned with a rangoli, topping it with cow dung balls with tumeric and red vermion powders. There is a tradition of letting milk boil and spill over to one side. The side in which the milk spills predicts how the year will be for the family. 

The third day, Kanuma, celebrates the event of Lord Krishna lifting up Hill Govardhana This was to protect the people by a cyclone sent by Lord Indra. Once Lord Krishna saved the people, Lord Indra bowed down to him.

The final day of the festival is held for family and friends gathering together. A feast is arranged for everyone to enjoy and have a good time at the end of the celebrations.
Like in Kollywood, during this festive season
one of the most awaited movie was released:
In the state of Karnataka, the special day is celebrated by visiting family and friends. Everyone exchanges wishes/blessings, as well as a delicacy named "Ellu Ballu". This is made from sesame seeds, sugar cane, etc.  

Just like all other states, it is tradition in Karnataka as well to dress in new clothes and offer prayers to the Lord. There is also an act of washing and dressing the cows/bulls as well.

Edited by MP_Radha - 13 January 2013 at 9:02pm

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Aahaana Global Moderator

IF General Sections
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Posts: 44076

Posted: 13 January 2013 at 6:51pm | IP Logged


At the banks of Ganga River, a massive mela is conducted during this auspicious day in Bengal.
'Uttaran' is the name Makar Sankranti is known as in the State of Gujrat. This holiday lasts for 2 days. The 14th of January is called Uttaran and the 15th is called vasi-uttarayan [stale uttarayan]. In particular, the kite festivals are the most famous. Countless kite flying competitons are held during the 2 days.
Exchanges of mixture of sesame seed and jaggery between friends and relatives is often a message to forget and forgive. Using the grains from the new harvest, a dish is cooked called "kichdo".
Other important dishes for this holiday are Undhiyu [mixed winter vegetable], chikkis [til [sesame], peanuts and jaggery], and ladoos made of wheat flour.  Domestic animals such as cows and ox are fed fresh grass and sweets. They are also washed, followed by a special puja for the well being of all plants and cattle.

In Maharashtra, Makar Sankranti happens to be the time when the sugarcane harvest is ready to be made into jaggery. Two sweets popular on this day are the multi colored halwa [sugar granules coated in sugar syrup] and til-gul ladoos [sweetmeats made from sesame seeds and jaggery]. The til-gul ladoos are often exchanged to forget past ill feelings and hostilities. While exchanging the ladoos, the saying

"Til-gul ghya, god god bola"
is often recited which means
 accept these til-guls and speak sweet words.
For lunch, gul-polis are offered which are flat breads stuffed with jaggery.
For the married women, this is an opportunity to get together for a tradition called 'Haldi [turmeric] - Kunku [vErmillion]. Gifts such as clothes and utensils are exchanged. The women wear black sarees as the colour black absorbs heat since Sankranti happens to be in winter.  There are multiple customs in each region of Maharashtra but the most common and famous one is the kite flying.
In Punjab, Makar Sankranti is called Maghi in honor of the 40 Sikhs, who gave up their lives fighting alongside the 10th Guru, Guru Bobind Singh Ji, near Mukut Sar.  Initially, the 40 Sikhs had abandoned him leaving him a letter called bedava. Upon returning home, the Sikhs were told off by a Sikh lady Mai Bhago who gathered many brave women to fight with Guru Gobind Singh Ji to defeat the Mughal ruling army. 
After the Battle, [in which they were victorious] one Sikh, before his death requested the Guru to tear the letter he was given and asked for forgiveness. Now, there is a Guruduara Tuti Ghandi Sahib at that very spot. There is also a Maghi festival which takes place to celebrate the victory and remember the brave soldiers.

Its a day of celebration all over Rasjasthan, as people flock each others house and engage in huge meal with a variety of sweets.  They also fly kites. 
 Uttar Pradesh 
 Referred to as Khichiri, people gather at the banks of Holy rivers and take a dip on this auspicious day.  There is a believe that whoever takes a dip will be gifted with a beautiful wife (for the boys) and a handsome husband (for the girls).  Many also fly kites, as in other states.  In Allahabad, there is a month long magha-mela. 
Meethe GUD me mil gaya TIL,
Udi PATANG aur khil gaye DIL,
Jeevan me bani rahe SUKH aur SHANTI,
To all Members of Hug! 


Edited by MP_Radha - 13 January 2013 at 8:47pm

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sahi. IF-Sizzlerz

Joined: 17 March 2011
Posts: 19316

Posted: 13 January 2013 at 8:53pm | IP Logged
Wish Everyone a Happy pongal to all the friends and many many sugarcane eat and celebrate it well..

I missed pongal to the core LOLLOL

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Malarkodi IF-Dazzler

Joined: 02 August 2012
Posts: 4580

Posted: 13 January 2013 at 9:00pm | IP Logged
Inniya Pongal Dhina nal vazhthukkal Hug
PutijaChalhov IF-Sizzlerz

Joined: 21 October 2009
Posts: 24234

Posted: 13 January 2013 at 9:32pm | IP Logged



From Wikipedia
Bihu dancer playing a 'pepa' (horn)
Bihu team of SRM University, Chennai

Bihu denotes a set of three different cultural festivals of Assam and celebrated by the Assamese diaspora around the world. Though they owe their origins to ancient rites and practices they have taken definite urban features and have become popular festivals in urban and commercialized milieus in the recent decades. One includes the Assamese new year celebrated in April. Bihu is also used to imply Bihu dance and Bihu folk songs. The Bihus are the national festivals of Assam. The most important festivals of Assam are the Bihus, celebrated with fun and abundance by all Assamese people irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith and belief.


The word Bihu is derived from the language of the Dimasa people who have been agrarian since time immemorial. Their supreme god is Brai Shibrai or Father Shibrai. The First crops of the season are offered to Brai Shibrai while wishing for peace and prosperity. So Bi means "to ask" and Shu means "peace and prosperity" in the world. Hence the word BISHU gradually became Bihu to accommodate linguistic preferences.The other suggestion is that "Bi" means "to ask" and "Hu" means "to give" and so came BIHU. It was said by "Kalaguru" Bishnu Prasad Rabha. In Assam, Rongali Bihu draws from many different traditions' Austro-Asiatic, Sino-Burmese and Indo-Aryan'and is celebrated with great fervor. Celebrations begin in the middle of April and generally continue for a month. This is the traditional new year. In addition there are two other Bihus: Kongali Bihu in October (associated with the September equinox) and Bhogali Bihu in January (associated with the January solstice). Like most other Indian festivals, Bihu (all three) is associated with farming; as the traditional Assamese society is predominantly agricultural. In fact, similar festivals are also celebrated around the same time elsewhere in India.

 The three Bihus

In a year there are three Bihu festivals in Assam - in the months of Bohaag (Baisakh, the middle of April), Maagh (the middle of January), and Kaati (Kartik, the middle of October). The Bihus have been celebrated in Assam since ancient times. Each Bihu coincides with a distinctive phase in the farming calendar. The most important and colourful of the three Bihu festival is the Spring festival "Bohag Bihu" or Rongali Bihu celebrated in the middle of April. This is also the beginning of the agricultural season.Bihu is celebrated by the all parts of Assam and all cast and religion.Directly we can say that Bihu is secular festival which brings the humanity,peace and brotherhood among the various cast and religion

Rongali Bihu

Rongali Bihu (mid-April, also called Bohag Bihu), the most popular Bihu celebrates the onset of the Assamese New Year (around April 15) and the coming of Spring. This marks the first day of the Hindu solar calendar and is also observed in Mithila,Bengal, Manipur, Nepal, Orissa, Punjab, Kerala and Tamil Nadu though called by different names. It's a time of merriment and feasting and continues, in general, for seven days. The farmers prepare the fields for cultivation of paddy and there is a feeling of joy around. The women make pitha, larus (traditional food made of rice and coconut) and Jolpan which gives the real essence of the season. The first day of the bihu is called goru bihu or cow bihu, where the cows are washed and worshipped, which falls on the last day of the previous year, usually on April 14. This is followed by manuh (human) bihu on April 15, the New Year Day. This is the day of getting cleaned up, wearing new cloths and celebrating and getting ready for the new year with fresh vigor. The third day is Gosai (Gods) bihu; statues of Gods, worshiped in all households are cleaned and worshiped asking for a smooth new year.

Kopou phool (Rhynchostylis gigantea)

The folk songs associated with the Bohag Bihu are called Bihugeets or Bihu songs. The form of celebration and rites vary among different demographic groups.

Rongali Bihu is also a fertility festival, where the bihu dance with its sensuous movements using the hips, arms, etc., by the young women call out to celebrate their fertility. In this aspect, the bihu dance can also be called a mating ritual by the young men and women. Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu festival continues for seven days.They are known as..Goru Bihu (Cow Bihu),Manuh Bihu, Hat Bihu, Senehi Bihu, Maiki Bihu, Rongali Bihu and Sera Bihu.Actually first day for to pay respect to cows and other days for social activities.(2012 by nabajit deka)

Bathing cow on the eve of Goru bihu
Goru Bihu The goru bihu or cattle worship rites are observed on the last day of the year. The cattle are washed, smeared with ground turmeric and other pastes, struck with sprigs of dighalati and makhiyati and endeared to be healthy and productive (lao kha, bengena kha, bosore bosore barhi ja/maar xoru, baper xoru, toi hobi bor bor goru'eat gourd, eat brinjal, grow from year to year/your mother is small, your father is small, but you be a large one). The old cattle ropes are cast away through the legs and new ropes are tied to them, and they are allowed to roam anywhere they wished for the entire day

Manuh Bihu

The New Year day, the day after the goru bihu, is called the manuh bihu. Elders are shown respect, with gifts of bihuwan (a gamosa), a hachoti (kerchief), a cheleng etc., and their blessings are sought. Children are given new clothes, and Husori singing begins on this day, and people visit their relatives and friends.   Husori Village elders move from household to households singing carols, also in the style of bihu geets, called husoris.
Husori in Bihu
It possibly derives from the Dimasa Kachari word formation ha (land) and char (move over): hachariVillages could have more than one Husori band, and they would visit households in a village non-contiguous to itself, first singing carols at the Naamghar. The husari singers then visit individual households, by first announcing their arrival at the gate (podulimukh) with drum beats. The singers are traditionally welcomed into the courtyard where they sing the husori songs and perform a ring dance. At the end of the performance they are thanked with an offering dakshina of paan (betel leaf) tamul (areka nut) in a xorai (brass dish with stand), whereupon the singers bless the household for the coming year. If there is a bereavement in the family, or the family does not invite the husori singers due to an illness, the husori band offers blessings from podulimukh and move on. Generally the singers are all male.Fat Bihu
This is a very old form of Bihu, characterized by spontaneity, popular in the Lakhimpur area of Assam. According to legend, the first Ahom king, Sukaphaa, traveled to the region to watch it in the early 13th century.

Mia Bihu

Now this days Bihu is celebrated by interior and remote Mia areas such as Kalgachia, Moinbari, Mankachar, Jaleswar etc.Mia people has modified this Bihu with their own culture but reality remains same. Beshma This is celebrated by koches, in this festival 'bhurbhura','shak' are marrimaking and festing, Mukoli Bihu Young unmarried men and women attired in traditional golden silk muga dance the bihu and sing bihu songs in the open fields. The songs have themes of romance and sexual love, requited or unrequited. Sometimes the songs describe tragic events too, but treated very lightly. The dance celebrates female sexuality. Jeng Bihu This is Bihu dance and song performed and watched only by women. The name "jeng" comes from the fact that in earlier days women in the villages used to surround the place of their performance with sticks dug into the ground called jeng in Assamese. It is also called gos tolor bihu (Bihu beneath tree). Baisago
The Bodo-Kachari people celebrate for seven days'the first day for cattle (Magou), the second day for man (Mansoi) and ancestor worship, feasting, singing and merriment. Songs follow the same themes as the Bihu songs

Bihutoli Bihu

The rural festival made its transition to urban life when it was first time brought to the stage in Lataxil field in Guwahati by the Guwahati Bihu Sanmilani in 1962, promoted by leading citizens like Radha Govinda Baruah and others. Bihu to a great extent has been popularized by the Bihu 'Samrat'( king ), of Assam, Khagen Mahanta. Unlike the rural version, the dancers danced on a makeshift elevated stage in an open area that came to be known as a Bihutoli. Many such Bihutolis have sprouted since then in Guwahati and other urban areas. The performances are not confined to the bihu dance form, but may incorporate all forms of theatrical performances to keep the audience enthralled well into the early hours. Performances could include standup comedy, to concerts by solo singers. The stage form of bihu has become so popular, that organizers have begun extending the celebrations to bohagi bidai, or farewell to the Bohag month, which are similar performances held a month later. Xaat Bihu
Rongali Bihu also called Xaat Bihu (seven Bihus). It celebrates seven days, it's called so. On the other hand, Rangali Bihu is constitute of seven different types of Bihu -Goru Bihu (Cow Bihu),Manuh Bihu, Hat Bihu, Senehi Bihu, Maiki Bihu, Rongali Bihu and Sera Bihu.Actually first day for to pay respect to cows and other days for social activities.(2012 by nabajit deka)

 Kongali Bihu

Kongali Bihu (mid-October, also called Kati-Bihu) has a different flavor as there is less merriment and the atmosphere has a sense of constrain and solemnity. During this time of the year, the paddy in the fields are in the growing stage and the granaries of the farmers are almost empty. On this day, earthen lamps (saki) are lit at the foot of the household tulsi plant, the granary, the garden (bari) and the paddy fields. To protect the maturing paddy, cultivators whirl a piece of bamboo and recite rowa-khowa chants and spells to ward off pests and the evil eye. During the evening, cattle are fed specially made rice items called pitha. The Bodo people light lamps at the foot of the siju (Euphorbia neriifolia) tree. This Bihu is also associated with the lighting of akaxi gonga or akaxbonti, lamps at the tip of a tall bamboo pole, to show the souls of the dead the way to heaven, a practice that is common to many communities in India, as well as Asia and Europe

 Bhogali Bihu

Bhogali Bihu (mid-January, also called Magh Bihu) comes from the word Bhog that is eating and enjoyment.[9] It is a harvest festival and marks the end of harvesting season. Since the granaries are full, there is a lot of feasting and eating during this period. On the eve of the day called uruka, i.e., the last day of pausa, menfolk, more particularly young men go to the field, preferably near a river, build a makeshift cottage called Bhelaghar with the hay of the harvest fields and the Meji, the most important thing for the night. During the night, they prepare food and there is community feasting everywhere.There is also exchange of sweets and greetings at this time. The entire night (called Uruka) is spent around a Meji with people singing bihu songs, beating Dhol, a typical kind of drums or playing games. Boys roam about in the dark stealing firewood and vegetables for fun. The next morning they take a bath and burn the main Meji. People gather around the Meji and throw Pithas (rice cakes) and betel nuts to it while burning it at the same time. They offer their prayers to the God of Fire and mark the end of the harvesting year. Thereafter they come back home carrying pieces of half burnt firewood for being thrown among fruit trees for favourable results. All the trees in the compound are tied to bamboo strips or paddy stems. Different types of sports like Buffalo-fight, Egg-fight, Cock-fight, Nightingale-fight etc. are held throughout the day. There are other conventional festivals observed by various ethnic-cultural groups. Me-dam-me-phi, Ali-aye-ligang, Porag, Garja, Hapsa Hatarnai, Kherai are few among them.The koch celebrates this bihu as pushna. All assamese people around the world celebrates this tradition on the month of January as per English calendar. The Uruka comes on 13 January & Bihu is on 14'15.

Instruments used in Bihu

 Bihu elsewhere

Bihu is also seen to be celebrated abroad. Many Bihu associations / committees exist elsewhere where this festival is celebrated with enthusiasm. The London Bihu Committee (LBC), UK is one of them amongst others.


In Orissa people prepare 'makar chaula(uncooked newly harvested rice, banana, coconut, jaggery, sesame, Rasagola, Khai/Liaa and chhena puddings for naivedya to gods and goddesses.The withdrawing winter entails change in food habits & intake of nourishing and rich food. Therefore this festival also holds immense scientific significance.Devotees also worshiped the sun god at great Konark temple with great favour and enthusiasm as the sun started its annual swing northwards, according to various Indian calendars. According to the Sun's movement, the days from this day on-wards become lengthy and warmer and so the Sun-God is worshiped as a great benefactor. Makar Mela(Fun fair) is observed at Dhabaleswar in Cuttack, Hatakeshwar at Atri in Khordha, Makar Muni temple in Balasore and near various deities in each district of Odisha. In the temple of Lord Jagannath this festival is observed as Nabanki and 'Uttarayana Yatra'. In Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar,kalahandi, koraput and Sundargarh where the tribal population is more, the festival is celebrated with great joy. They have been celebrating this festival with great enthusiasm. They sing, dance and enjoy.Many tribal in our country start their New Year from the day of Sankranti by lighting bonfires, dancing and eating their particular dishes sitting together.


Edited by chalhov - 13 January 2013 at 9:44pm
.LovelyDreamer. IF-Stunnerz

Joined: 27 April 2008
Posts: 31238

Posted: 13 January 2013 at 9:34pm | IP Logged

Happy Ponggal 

Happy Lohri and 

Makar Sankranti...

May God bless all of us and Have fun...

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PutijaChalhov IF-Sizzlerz

Joined: 21 October 2009
Posts: 24234

Posted: 13 January 2013 at 9:53pm | IP Logged


Edited by chalhov - 13 January 2013 at 9:56pm

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