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Muharram: The Month of ALLAH

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hukshila

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hukshila

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Posted: 22 November 2012 at 12:54pm | IP Logged

 (May Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be on all of you)

MUHARRAM means "Forbidden"; this is the first month of Islamic calendar (Hijari Calendar). This month was always known as a sacred month even in the ancient times. Allah created Heaven and Earth and assigned 12 months a year out of which He has chosen 4 months as sacred months.


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Muharram is one of the four sanctified months about which Allah said in Surah Taubah:

Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous [who fear Him].
(Surha Taubah Verse 36)

Narrated by Abu Bakr (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (Peace be upon Him) said. "(The division of time has turned to its original form which was current when Allah created the Heavens and the Earths. The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qa' da, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab of (the tribe of) Mudar which comes between Jumadi-ath-Thaniyah and Sha ban."
(Bukhari Vol 4, Book 54 Hadeeth 419)

         
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It is forbidden to do all unlawful acts in the sacred months, prominently wars and the shedding of blood (though killing any innocent is forbidden in normal days to but especially forbidden in sacred months which mentioned above). "so do not wrong yourselves during them"  in surah Taubah verse 36, clearly indicates that any sin and wrong doing in these months is a serious violation as compared to the wrongdoing and sins in any other month. The good deeds i.e. charity, fasting, praying and taking care for the rights of others also holds more reward in these months as compared to the other months.


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Fasting of Ashura (10th Moharram) is Sunnah (act of our beloved Prophet Mohammad Peace be Upon Him)

Prophet Mohammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was used to be very keen in fasting on the day of 'Ashura' because of its great status.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) "I never saw Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) so keen to make sure he fasted any day and preferring it over another except this day, the day of 'Ashura', and this month (meaning Ramadan).
(Bukhari, 1867).

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People of Quraysh were also use to of fasting on this day in the Pre Islamic period. Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon Him) fasted on this day and commanded people to fast on this day, but when the fasts of Ramadan became obligatory than the fast of Ashora became Optional (people were given a choice to fast for Ashura or abandon it)

Narrate by Ayshah (Allah be pleased with her): Quraysh used to fast on the day of Ashura in the Days of pre-Islamic days. And Allah's Messenger (Peace Be upon Him) also used to fast. When he migrated to Medina, he used to fast and he commanded the people to fast. But when the fasts of Ramadan were prescribed, they became FARDH (Obligatory) and the Ashura was given up. So he who wished, fasted (on that day) and he who wished, did not (fast).
[Ahmed 26127, Bukhari 4502, Muslim 1125 & 2499, Ibn e Majah 1733, Abu Dawud 2442 Tirmadhi Hadith 753]

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Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be Upon Him) was also use to of fasting this day for thanking to Allah for getting rid of Pharaoh on the day of Ashura (10 Moharram)

Narrated by Ibn'Abbas (Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) arrived in Medina and found the Jews observing fast on the day of 'Ashura. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said to them: What is the (significance) of this day that you observe fast on it? They said: It is the day of great (significance) when Allah delivered Moses and his people, and drowned the Pharaoh and his people, and Moses (Peace be upon Him) observed fast out of gratitude and we also observe it. Upon this the Messenger of Allah  (Peace be upon Him) said: We have more right, and we have a closer connection with Moses (Peace be upon Him) than you have; so Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) observed fast (on the day of 'Ashura), and gave orders that it should be observed.
(Muslim Book 6, Hadeeth 2520)

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It is encouraged to fast on Ninth besides 10th Muharram

Narrated by Abdullah b 'Abbas (Allah be pleased with him): Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him)  had said "If I live till the next (year), I would definitely observe fast on the 9th, and the narration transmitted by Abu Bakr  (May Allah be pleased with Him) is:" He meant the day of Ashura."
(Muslim Book 6, Hadeeth 2529)

Exp: One who keeps fast at ASHURA must fast either the day before too or the day after it making it couple of fasts as an isolated fast is not appreciable in Islam at ASHURA. i.e fast for 9th & 10th Muharram or 10th & 11th Moharram) but better to fast for 9th and 10th.

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Allah's Month

Muharram holds another specialty that it is Allah's month. Fasting in this month are preferred after the fasts of Ramadan.

By Abu Hurayrah (Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said. "The most excellent fast after the fasts of the month of Ramadan is in the month of Allah, Muharram." [Ahmed 8542, Muslim 1163, Abu Dawud 2429, Nasai 1609, Ibn e Majah 1742, Tirmadhi 740)]

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Reward of fasting on day of Ashura

For fasting the day of Ashura, Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) expected Allah to forgive our previous sins, what could be the best reward if our sins our forgiven?

By Abu Qatadah (Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (Peace be upon Him) said, "I hope from Allah that the fast of the day of Ashura will atone for (the sins of) the past year." (Muslim, 1162;  Tirmadhi Hadith 752)

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Summary of Important incidents which took place in Muharram

2nd Caliph of Islam UMAR (Allah be pleased with him), Father in Law of Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon him) was assassinated and martyr on   1 Muharram.

Incidents of Asurhra (10 Muharram)

This was the day when the ship of Prophet NOAH (Peace be upon Him) landed somewhere in the present-day Iraq or Turkey.


This was the day when Prophet IBRAHIM (Peace be upon Him) was saved from the fire in which he was thrown by Nimrod.


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This was the day when Prophet MUSA (Moses) (Peace be upon Him) with the BANI-ISRAEL crossed the river that had miraculously parted for them and that drowned Pharaoh and his nation.

This was the day when
Prophet EESA (Jesus) (Peace be upon Him) was raised to heaven unharmed alive (as per Quran statement); SALAM be upon all Messengers of Allah.


HUSSAIN
(Allah be pleased with Him), the Grandson of Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon Him) and many of his family members were assassinated at Karbala on this day of Muharram 61 AH.


However, except for the matter related to Prophet MUSA (Peace be upon Him) other matters have no clear conformation anywhere in Ahadith.

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Important Note

This point should be remembered that fasting for Ashura doesn't mean to do wrongdoings and sins in the rest of the year expecting that the sins will be forgiven. The one must say the 5 obligatory prayers, reciter Quran, fast for Ramadan and Arafah , and try to avoid all wrongdoings/sins at the same time try not to snatch any one's right and also take care for other rights as well.

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PS. The topic is made to spread awareness regarding this month and to inform about its original importance in Islam as some people consider it as a month of mourning only, without knowing the original importance of Muharram and the day of Ashura (10th Muharram).


PSS. You all are requested to remember me and my family in your prayers please and also pray for the martyrs for the sake of Allah. May Allah help us and guide us on each step of life ameen.

PSSS. Every one is allowed to share this post,  NO COMPULSION



Edited by hukshila - 23 November 2012 at 2:07am

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hukshila

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Posted: 22 November 2012 at 12:54pm | IP Logged

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hira_arnie

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Posted: 22 November 2012 at 1:14pm | IP Logged
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wooow amazing post MashaAllah 
In shaa Allah Allah rewards the people who fast on Ashura 

well written post...


Edited by hira_arnie - 22 November 2012 at 5:48pm

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Posted: 22 November 2012 at 1:23pm | IP Logged
ClapClapClapClap
A very informative post dear.
INSHALLAH all our sins would bve forgiven. I pray that allah gives us the strength not to commit further sins (Ameen)

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Posted: 22 November 2012 at 1:38pm | IP Logged
wooow amazing post mashallah 
inshallah Allah rewards the people who fast on Ashura 
i learnt alot today by your post ...inshallah Allah rewards u ALOT Smile
thanks so much for da pm xxx 


xsumi 
xx Heart 

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Posted: 22 November 2012 at 1:53pm | IP Logged
Thanks For PM

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Ahlem

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Posted: 22 November 2012 at 2:13pm | IP Logged
Yes we should fast 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th... because the Jewry (BANI-ISRAEL)  fasting only one day : 10th..and as we are Muslims to do not fast like them we add one day.. because Jewry (BANI-ISRAEL) fast because Incidents of Prophet MUSA (Moses).
I am fasting 9th and 10th..
Thank you very much for the Great information...
Thank you for the PM...
Inshallah Allah rewards you..
I hope to all of you the Happiness..And Happy new Islamic year..


Edited by Ahlem - 23 November 2012 at 11:51am

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Faayey

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Posted: 22 November 2012 at 5:12pm | IP Logged
Jazakallahu Kheyran Sister for sharing such a beneficial piece of the deen
and May Allah swt keep us all stead fast in our deen and reward all the muslims for fasting on this blessed day, Ameen

Thanks for the pm!!!


Edited by Faayey - 23 November 2012 at 5:02pm

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