Joined: 23 October 2010
Maa Durga manifests herself in nine form called Navdurga. One of these nine forms of Maa Durga is worshiped every day in Navratri. The fisrt form of Maa Durga known as "Shailputri". Goddess Durga was born in the house of King of Mountains "Parvat Raj Himalaya", so she is called "Shailputri" maens the daughter of mountain.
Maa Shailputri is the absolute from of Mother Nature. She is also known as Goddess Parvati the consort of Lord Shiva & mother of Ganesha and Kartikeya. In the Navratra festival the worshiping Mother Goddess has a half moon in her forehead & she is holding a trident in her right hand & lotus flower in her left hand. she rides on mount Nandi a bull.
In some scriptures like Shivapurana & Devi Bhagvatam the story of Mother Goddess is written as follow: Maa Bhagwati in her earlier birth was born as a daughter of Daksh Prajapati. Then her name was 'Sati' and she was married to Lord Shiva. But in a sacrificial ceremony organized by her father Prajapati Daksh, she got her body burnt in the yogic fire, because she could not bear the insult of her husband Lord Shiva by her father Prajapati Daksha in the sacrificial ceremony.
In her next birth she incarnated her as Goddess Parvati, the daughter of Parvatraj Himalaya and among Nava Durgas she has been referred to as Sailaputri who was again known as Himavati. In her Haimavati aspect she defeated all prominent gods. Like her previous birth in this life also Maa Shailaputri (Parvati) got married with Lord Shiva. The first and the most prominent among Nava Durgas, Shailaputri is of immense importance and her glories are endless. On the first day of Navratra worship it is she who is worshiped.
Vande Vanchitlabhaya Chandradhakritshekhram | Vrisharudh Shooldharan Shailputri Yashaswineem ||
Shardiya Navratra begins with the commencement of Ashwin Shukla Paksha by establishing a Kalash. A Kalash is considered to be a form of lord Ganesha and all the auspicious works begin with its establishment. The place where the Kalash has to be established is made pure by cleaning it with Ganga water and cow dung. A bed is prepared by mixing 7 kinds of soil. In case one is not able to collect soils of 7 different places then he can use the mud available at the bank of a river and mix it with the soil of Ganges.
The pooja begins with the establishment of the Kalash on the first day. Ma Shailputri is worshipped as a first form of Goddess Durga depicting love and compassion. Thus, all the gods, sacred rivers, planets, seas, directions, lord of the villages are called upon and prayed to settle inside the Kalash. Kalash is also filled with 7 kinds of soil (Saptmritika), clay, nut and five kinds of coins.
Below this Kalash, 7 kinds of grains and barley seeds are sown and are cut on the tenth day and are offered to all gods and goddess. This ritual is called Jayanti and is performed along with the chant, "Jayanti Mangla Kali Bhadrakali Kapalini, Durga Shama Shiva Dhatri Swaha, Swadha Namostute". After this ritual the Jayanti is sprinkled over the members of the family to get the blessing of the goddess.
Durga Ma, who was also knows as Durgam gave relief to her followers from the pain of demon. She is worshipped after the establishment of Kalash at home by chanting, "Hey Durga, accept our prayers in the form of idol we have made for you based on our belief and enter our house with your blessings". Devi Durga killed Mahishasur and blessed him that he will be worshipped along with her. This is the reason that while making the idol of Ma Durga, Mahishasura and his ride tiger can also be seen in it.
Ma Durga's idol is established at the center of the worship page with Mahalakshmi, Ganesha and Vijaya's idol on the right and Kartikeya, Devi Mahasaraswati and Yogini's idol on the left. Lord Shiva is also worshipped along with all the gods and goddesses. Shailputri is worshipped on he first day with flowers, rice, roli and sandalwood.
Everyday in the evening aarti is performed to worship goddess Durga. The worshippers sing "Jag Janni Jai Jai" and "Jai Ambe Gauri", the bhakti songs dedicated to Ma Durga.
Vande Vanchitlabhaya Chandradhakritshekhram |
Vrisharudh Shooldharan Shailputri Yashaswineem ||