Chandragupta Maurya


Chandragupta Maurya
Chandragupta Maurya

***HAppyy Teachers Day****

radhikarani IF-Rockerz

Joined: 16 September 2009
Posts: 7415

Posted: 05 September 2012 at 2:47am | IP Logged

and inspires his listener with the wish to teach himself."

~ Edward Bulwer-Lytton

In India 5th September is celebrated as Teaches' Day as a mark of tribute to the contribution made by teachers to the society. 5th September is the birthday of a great teacher Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, who was a staunch believer of education, and was the well-known diplomat, scholar, President of India and above all a Teacher.

When Dr. Radhakrishnan became the President of India in 1962, he was approached by some of his students and friends and requested him to allow them to celebrate 5th September, his "Birthday". In reply, Dr.Radhakrishnan said, "Instead of celebrating my birthday separately, it would be my proud privilege  if September 5 is observed as Teachers' Day". The request showed Dr.Radhakrishnan's love for the teaching profession. From then onwards, the day has been observed as Teachers' Day in India.

One of the most celebrated writers in the modern India today his work varies on philosophical, theological, ethical, educational, social and cultural subjects. He contributed numerous articles to different well-known journals, which, are of immense value and seems to surprise various readers because of the depth in the meaning of the articles.

Teachers mold the lives that they influence because the lessons learned from teachers remain with their students throughout life. We should always respect our teachers. Teachers need encouragement and support from the community to feel that their devotion to students is appreciated.

Teachers' Day

Teachers' Day is now one of the occasions that is looked forward by the teachers and students alike as on this occasion its not only when teachers are praised but also around various schools students dress up as a representation of their teachers and take various lectures that are assigned to the teachers they represent. As the day passes the students perform the regular activities that are performed by the teachers. On this day students realize what it means to be a teacher and what it means to control the future of several students in their classes and also teachers are reminded what it felt like when they were the students.

Apart from the fun aspect of the day it is also a day when one can look back, admire and get inspired by Dr. Radhakrishnan, a small town cunning boy, who grew up to become one of the most respected politicians in the history of democracy of India.

A good teacher is like a candle - it consumes itself to light the way for others.

In many countries, Teachers' Days are intended to be special days for the appreciation of teachers, and may include celebrations to honor them for their special contributions in a particular field area, or the community in general. The date on which Teachers' day is celebrated varies from country to country. Teachers' days are distinct from World Teachers' Day which is officially celebrated across the world on Oct 5

he idea of celebrating Teachers' Day took ground independently in many countries during the 20th century; in most cases, they celebrate a local educator or an important milestone in education (for example, Argentina commemorates Domingo Faustino Sarmiento's death on September 11 since 1915

while India celebrates Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's birthday on September 5 since 1962. This is the primary reason why countries celebrate this day on different dates, unlike many other International Days.

CountryDate of Teachers' DayNotes
AfghanistanOct 15Schools have a holiday, but students and teachers gather to celebrate at schools with special traditional food, cookies, music and presents for the teachers
AlbaniaMarch 7In 1887, the first secular school which taught lessons in Albanian was opened on this day in the small city of Kor. All schools had previously functioned under the supervision of the Catholic Church in northern and middle Albania; the Orthodox Church in the south did not allow any Albanian schools.
AlgeriaFebruary 28
ArgentinaSeptember 11To honor the work of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento after he died.
ArmeniaFirst Sunday in October
AustraliaLast Friday in OctoberOn Australia's celebration of World Teachers' Day, the NEiTA Foundation and the Australian Scholarships Group (ASG) is proud to announce the national teaching recipients of the ASG Community Merit Awards. World Teachers' Day was started by UNESCO and is celebrated in more than 100 countries around the world each year. On its 40th anniversary this year, it represents a significant token of the awareness, understanding, and appreciation displayed for the vital contribution that teachers make to education.
AzerbaijanOctober 5Between 1965 and 1994, the first Sunday of October. Since 1994, on October 5, it has coincided with the World Teachers' Day (est. 1994 by UNESCO).
BangladeshOctober 4
BahrainFebruary 28
BelarusFirst Sunday of October
Brunei DarussalamSeptember 23To commemorate the birth date of the 28th ruler of Brunei, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III, also known as the 'Architect of Modern Brunei' who amongst others had emphasized the importance of education to his subjects by introducing a policy of 'free' education whereby the citizens are charged very nominal fees for attending schools. This policy has now been followed by the current 29th ruler who has since extended the policy further.
BhutanMay 2Established and marked on the birth anniversary of the third King of Bhutan, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, who introduced modern education to the country.
BoliviaJune 6
BrazilOctober 15A decree regulating the elementary schools in Brazil. The celebration gained popularity throughout the country, and October 15 was officially designated Teachers' Day in 1963.
BulgariaOctober 5On 29.09.2006, October 5 was recognised as Teacher's Day by the government.[4]
ChileOctober 16In 1967, September 11 was chosen as "Da del Maestro" ("Teacher's Day"). The date was moved to December 10 in 1975, because on that day in 1945, the Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral received the Nobel Prize. In 1977, the date was renamed to "Da del Profesor" (also "Teacher's Day") and was moved again, to October 16, to honor the founding of the Colegio de Profesores de Chile (Teachers' Association of Chile).
ColombiaMay 15This day marks the appointment of San Juan Bautista de la Salle as the patron of teachers. In 1950, Pope Pius XII granted his approval of La Salle as patron of teachers for championing the causes of modern education. The holy founder understood the education of children as the obligation of all. Usually the schools of his time (1651–1719) only accepted young people studying towards politics or diplomacy. Juan Bautista outlined the principles of free and universal education. That same year in Colombia, the President of the Republic declared that date as Teachers' Day.
ChinaSeptember 10In the People's Republic of China (PRC), there are some activities for students to show their appreciation to teachers, such as presenting gifts, including cards and flowers. In addition, many former students will go back to their old middle schools and high schools to give presents to their old teachers.
Czech RepublicMarch 28The birthday of John Amos Comenius. Czech students nominate the teachers whose approach most motivates and inspires them to the competition Zlat mos (Golden Amos). The coronation of "Golden Amos" take place yearly on March 28.
EcuadorApril 13Celebrated on this date in honour of Juan Montalvo, an Ecuadorian teacher who planted the seeds of development in young minds.
EgyptFebruary 28
El SalvadorJune 22Observed as a national holiday.
EstoniaOctober 5
GermanyOctober 5
GreeceJanuary 30Derived from the Eastern Orthodox faith when the Three Holy Hierarchs and Ecumenical Teachers (Basil the GreatGregory the Theologian and John Chrysostom) are commemorated.
GuatemalaJune 25A celebration in honour of the teacher Maria Chinchilla who died during a violent riot in protest against the government.
Hong KongSeptember 10Before the 1997, Teachers' Day was on September 28. After the handover to the People's Republic of China, the day was changed to September 10, which is when the PRC celebrates the holiday.
HungaryFirst Sunday of June
IndiaSeptember 5The birthdate, [5 September 1888], of the second President of India, academic philosopher Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. It is considered a "celebration" day, where teachers and students report to school as usual but the usual activities and classes are replaced by activities of celebration, thanks and remembrance. At some schools on this day, the responsibility of teaching is taken up by the senior students to show appreciation for their teachers.

Another day set aside for commemorating teachers in India and Nepal is Guru Purnima, also called 'Ashad sukla purnima'. It typically falls in mid-July.

IndonesiaNovember 25National Teachers' Day is commemorated on the same day as the formation of the Indonesian Teachers' Association, the PGRI. National Teachers' Day is not a holiday, but it is celebrated by having a ceremonial activity in recognition of certain teachers, headmasters, and school staff.
IranMay 2Commemorating the martyrdom of Abulhassan Khan'ali, a teacher who was shot dead in a meeting in front of National Parliament during the Mohammad Reza Shah era on May 2, 1961. Later the Islamic Republic government changed it to commemorate the martyrdom of Dr. Morteza Motahhari on May 2, 1979.
IraqMarch 1
JamaicaMay 6Teachers' Day is normally celebrated on May 6 or the first Wednesday in May. In celebration of Teachers' Day, it is common for students and parents to bring teachers gifts. In addition, most schools are closed early (half-day).
JordanFebruary 28
LaosOctober 7
LithuaniaOctober 5Between 1965 and 1994, the first Sunday of October. Since 1994, on October 5, to coincide with the World Teachers' Day (est. 1994 by UNESCO).
LebanonMarch 9Between March 3 and March 9.
LibyaFebruary 28
Macedonia (FYROM)October 5
MalaysiaMay 16This date was chosen because on the same day in 1956, the Federal Legislative Council of the Federation of Malaya endorsed the Razak Report, one of four reports of the Education Committee regarding education in Malaysia. The document, known as the Razak Report after Tun Abdul Razak who was Education Minister at the time, has been the basis of education in Malaysia ever since. Although it is not an official school holiday, celebrations are usually held on May 16, or earlier, if it falls on a Saturday or Sunday.
MexicoMay 15
Republic of MoldovaOctober 5
MongoliaFirst weekend of February
MoroccoFebruary 28
NepalFull moon day of nepali month AshadThe full moon day is also called 'Ashad sukla purnima' and the day usually falls in mid-July. Teacher's day is called "Guru Purnima" in Nepali.

Students pay homage to the teachers, offer them foods and flowers and receive blessings from the teacher. "Guru devo bhava:" a Sanskrit phrase meaning "Teacher is God" is still widely accepted. Teachers are given the highest degree of respect.

NetherlandsOctober 5[11]
New ZealandOctober 29In 2010 teachers were encouraged to march against recent cuts in government funding by marching in Auckland on Sunday 31st.
OmanFebruary 28
PakistanOctober 5It recognizes the importance of teachers and attributes progress to the quality of teachers in Pakistan's Educational System.
PanamaDecember 1To commemorate the birth date of Manuel Jos Hurtado, who is known as the father of Panamanian education due to his promotion of modern universal education through the establishment of the first public schools and teachers' colleges in what is now known as Panama— then part of Colombia - aiming to break the vicious cycle of ignorance and poverty that afflicted the vast majority of the population. He went on to be named Director-General of Public Instruction of the State of the Isthmus.
ParaguayApril 30
PeruJuly 6During the independence of Perulibertador don Jos de San Martn founded the first Normal School for Men by means of a resolution passed by Marquis of Torre-Tagle on July 6, 1822.

Many years later, on 1953, the then president Manuel A. Odra decided that Teachers' Day would be commemorated on the 6th of July.

PhilippinesOctober 5By Presidential Proclamation No. 479 to honour more than 500,000 teachers nationwide. However, in the Philippines Teachers' Day is actually celebrated in schools between the months of September and October (mainly elementary and secondary levels). Teachers are presented with orchid corsages by students. Groups of students representing various grade levels perform short skits or song and dance numbers, or read poetry for their teachers in front of fellow schoolmates in school-wide activities. These activities are planned by senior students in the Student Council who coordinate the activities well in advance.
For Filipino-Chinese schools, a program is usually organized by students for teachers on September 27, while September 28, considered as the actual Teachers' Day, is a school holiday where both teachers and students are allowed to rest. September 28 was chosen because it is known as the birthdate of famous Chinese philosopher Confucius.
PolandOctober 14This day is the anniversary of the creation of the Commission of National Education, created in 1773 through the initiative of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski
QatarOctober 5
RomaniaOctober 5
RussiaOctober 5Between 1965 and 1994, the first Sunday of October. Since 1994, on October 5, coincides with the World Teachers' Day (est. 1994 by UNESCO).
Saudi ArabiaFebruary 28
SerbiaOctober 5
SingaporeFirst Friday of SeptemberAn official school holiday. Celebrations are normally conducted the day before, where students usually get half a day off. In some schools, students will put on performances to entertain and honour their teachers.
SlovakiaMarch 28Commemorates the birthdate of John Amos Comenius.
South KoreaMay 15 since 1963 in Seoul and 1964 in Chunju CityOriginally it was started by a group of Red Cross youth team members who visited their sick ex-teachers in hospitals. The national celebration ceremony was stopped between 1973 and 1982 but it resumed after that. On the day, teachers are usually presented with carnations by their students, and both enjoy a shorter school day. Ex-students pay their respects to their former teachers by visiting them and giving them a carnation. Many schools now close on Teachers' Day because of the rampant bribery implicit in the expensive gifts often given to teachers. Schools can use the day to have an outing for the teachers.
Sri LankaOctober 6
SpainJanuary 29
SyriaMarch 18[citation needed]
TaiwanSeptember 28Taiwan uses this day to honor teachers' virtues, struggles, and contributions not only to their own students but also to society in general. People often make use of the day to express their gratitude to their teachers, such as paying them a visit or sending them a card. This date was chosen to commemorate the birth of Confucius, believed to be the model master educator in ancient China. In 1939, the Ministry of Education established the national holiday as August 27, the attributed birthday of Confucius.

In 1952, the Executive Yuan changed it to September, stating that it was calculated to be the precise date in the Gregorian calendar. The festival celebration occurs in the temples of Confucius around the island, known as the "Grand Ceremony Dedicated to Confucius" (????). The ceremony begins at 6am with drum beats. 54 musicians are dressed in robes with blue belts, and 36 (or 64) dancers dressed in yellow with green belts. They are led by Confucius's chief descendant (currently Kung Tsui-chang) and followed by ceremonial officers. Three animals—the cow, the goat, and the pig—are sacrificed. The hairs plucked from these sacrificed animals are called the Hairs of Wisdom. In addition, local education institutes and civil offices award certain teachers for their excellence and positive influence.

ThailandJanuary 16Adopted as Teachers' Day in Thailand by a resolution of the government on November 21, 1956. The first Teachers' Day was held in 1957. Most Thai schools close for the day to give their teachers a break during the long second term. Many international schools do not, although they may hold celebrations to honor their teaching staff. There are very few public or official commemorations.
TunisiaFebruary 28
TurkeyNovember 24Mustafa Kemal Atatrk thought and stated that "The new generation will be created by teachers." . Atatrk was also considered as the Prime Teacher (Turkish: Basgretmen), because he adopted a new alphabet for the newly founded Turkish Republic in 1923.
UkraineThe first Sunday of OctoberAt schools across the country, Teacher's Day is celebrated the Friday before the holiday with "concerts" and gatherings, while students usually give their teachers gifts such as flowers and chocolate. On the holiday itself, many teachers celebrate with their families and friends at home or at restaurants or cafes.
United Arab EmiratesFebruary 28
United StatesNational Teacher Day is on Tuesday during Teacher Appreciation Week, which takes place in the first full week of May (May 8, 2012)Students often show appreciation for their teachers with token gifts (giving teachers presents etc.). The National Education Association describes National Teacher Day as "a day for honoring teachers and recognizing the lasting contributions they make to our lives".

The NEA gives a history of National Teacher Day: The origins of Teacher Day are murky. Around 1944 Wisconsin teacher Ryan Krug began corresponding with political and education leaders about the need for a national day to honor teachers. Woodbridge wrote to Eleanor Roosevelt who in 1953 persuaded the 81st Congress to proclaim a National Teacher Day. NEA along with its Kansas and Indiana state affiliates and the Dodge City (Kan. ) local lobbied Congress to create a national day celebrating teachers. Congress declared March 7, 1980, as National Teacher Day for that year only. NEA and its affiliates continued to observe Teacher Day on the first Tuesday in March until 1985, when the National PTA established Teacher Appreciation Week as the first full week of May. The NEA Representative Assembly then voted to make the Tuesday of that week National Teacher Day.

As of September 7, 1976, September 11 was also adopted as Teachers' Day in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Currently, Massachusetts sets the first Sunday of June as its own Teachers' Day, annually.

UzbekistanOctober 1
VietnamNovember 20This holiday allows students to express their respect to their teacher. Students begin preparing a week in advance, and many classes usually prepare literature and art to welcome Teachers' Day, while other students prepare foods and flowers for the parties held at their schools. Students usually visit their teachers at their homes to offer flowers and small gifts, or organize trips with their teachers and classmates. Former students also pay respect to their former teachers on this day. The holiday has its origins in a meeting between educators in communist bloc nations in Warsaw in 1957. It was first celebrated in 1958 as the Day of the International Manifest of Educators; in 1982 the day was renamed Vietnamese Educators' Day.
VenezuelaJanuary 15On this day there are no classes and during the week all the teachers are honoured for their support in building the country.
YemenFebruary 28
MauritiusOctober 5

You may note that 11 countries celebrate a common Teachers' Day on February 28: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Bahrain, UAE, and Oman.

World Teachers' Day, held annually on October 5th since 1994, commemorates teachers' organizations worldwide. Its aim is to mobilise support for teachers and to ensure that the needs of future generations will continue to be met by teachers.

According to UNESCO, World Teachers' Day represents a significant token of the awareness, understanding and appreciation displayed for the vital contribution that teachers make to education and development.

Education International (EI) (the global union federation that represents education professionals worldwide) strongly believes that World Teachers' Day should be internationally recognized and celebrated around the world. EI also believes that the principles of the 1966 and 1997 Recommendations should be considered for implementation in all nations.

Over 100 countries observe World Teachers' Day. The efforts of Education International and its 401 member organisations have contributed to this widely spread recognition. Every year, EI launches a public awareness campaign to highlight the contributions of the teaching profession.


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radhikarani IF-Rockerz

Joined: 16 September 2009
Posts: 7415

Posted: 05 September 2012 at 3:01am | IP Logged

Teaching is one of the noblest, perhaps the noblest, professions known to us. It means making students aware of the experiences of the previous generations. Teaching is also one of the oldest professions on the planet. Therefore it has changed a lot in the past few millennia.

While education was the privilege of the rich and the powerful as early as only in 16th century Europe, the Industrial Revolution has ushered in an era of mass education. This has its effects on the teacher-student relationship. Though many famous relationships from antiquity are between an erudite teacher and a royal student, the 20th century saw the rise of mass educators in form of Carl Sagan, Richard Feynman and the like. Here we will quickly glance through some of the most famous teacher-student relationships the world has ever seen.

Socrates, Plato, & Aristotle



Together these three Hellenic philosophers were the backbone of Western philosophy until the Renaissance, and they still play a vital role in those societies. Socrates was poisoned to death for his views, but before dying he instilled his love of philosophy in his pupil Plato. Plato went on to become another influential teacher in Greece and was the mentor of another Greek polymath Aristotle. Together, these teacher-student relationships are the best known in the West.

Chanakya & Chandragupta

Chanakya - India's Machiavelli

Chanakya ' India's Machiavelli

Known as India's Machiavelli, he used to teach at the highly regarded Takshila University in Bihar. He wrote several treatises on economics and political science. And it was under his guidance that Chandragupta founded a vast empire when he was only 20. Later his empire will be known as the Maurya Empire, spanning from Assam in the east to Afghanistan in the West, covering almost all of South Asia.

Rishi Chanak named his son as "Chanakya". Being a teacher himself, he knew the importance of education. Taxila was one of the world centers for education. At a very early age little Chanakya started studying Vedas. The Vedas; considered to be the toughest scriptures to study were completely studied and memorized by Chanakya in his infancy. He was attracted to studies in politics. In politics Chanakya's acumen and shrewdness was visible right from childhood. He was a student of politics right from child hood. Known as a masterful political strategist, He knew how to put his own people in the opposite camp and spy the enemy without his knowledge before destroying him forever. Chanakya was an ace in turning tables in his favor irrespective of the circumstances. After studying religion and politics, he turned his attention to economics, which remained his lifelong friend. "Nitishastra", a treatise on the ideal way of life shows his in depth study of the Indian way of life.

Very little is known about Chandragupta's youth. what is known about his youth is gathered from later classical Sanskrit literature, as well as classical Greek and Latin sources which refer to Chandragupta by the names "Sandracottos" or "Andracottus". He was paragon for later rulers.

According to traditional accounts, Chanakya, a teacher at Takshasila University at the time of Alexander's invasion, found the boy Chandragupta from the Magadha kingdom in eastern India. As the story goes, Chandragupta was playing as a king with his friends and was giving justice to another boy playing criminal. He also saw the kindness inside him to help others. Chanakya saw this and was impressed with Chandragupta's sense of justice. Chanakya asked his mother about him. His mother told him that his father, Dhamashah used to work as a servant of the Nanda king who ruled over the kingdom of Maghada and due to some fault he was sent into the prison. Chanakya told her to take him to the king and ask him to give some education to Chandragupta. Then she went to his court. There Chandragupta solved a problem for the king. The king was impressed and told his minister to join him in the best university at that time, The Vishvavidhyalay of Takshasila [often known as the Takshasila University]

Chandragupta Maurya with the help of Chanakya as his mentor defeated the Magadha kings and the bulk army of Chandravanshi clan and defeated generals of Alexander settled in Gandhara (Kamboja kingdom of Aryan Mahajanpad) which is called as Afghanistan now. 



Meaning: " The teacher is Brahma, the teacher is Vishnu, the teacher is Mahesh and the teacher is the embodiment of Almighty God. Salutations to the teacher." 

The teacher is the most respectable. One should have full faith and devotion in him because he is the one who clears the darkness of ignorance from the mind of his pupil and fills it up with the light of knowledge. Who else can be more kind and a well- wisher than the teacher. Whoever has achieved anything significant and worthwhile in this world is only because of the grace of his teacher. 

During the ancient times, there were no schools or colleges like today. The learned sages used to live in the forests by constructing their hermitages. The students desirous of acquiring knowledge had to live with their teachers in the hermitages. The students not only studied but also served the teacher in every way. 

The revered sages gave practical training to the students. They used to teach important lessons while doing work and if any student was fortunate enough to have the grace of his teacher, he would become a master of all the subjects. 

A sage by the name of 'Ayoddhaumya' had his hermitage in the forest. He had three students Aruni, Upamanyu and Ved. Sage 'Dhaumya' himself was very hard working and taught his students the same. All of his three students were the most obedient and they used to finish their tasks in right earnest. 

One day it was raining heavily. Sage Dhaumya ordered Aruni to build a bund in the fields so that the water did not flow out of the field, otherwise the harvest would have suffered. Aruni obeyed the command of his teacher and went to the fields. Since it was raining very heavily, the field was filled up with water. But at one end of the field, a portion of the boundary was washed away by the swift current and the water was gushing out very fast from that place. Aruni tried to stop the water from flowing out by putting soil in that place by the help of a spade. But the swift current washed it away. He tried many times but all his efforts went in vain. 

Now, he started worrying because he was not able to obey the command of his teacher. Suddenly, an idea came to his mind and he kept aside the spade and lied down at the place from where the water was gushing out. 

After sometime, it stopped raining but he could not get up because the water would have flown outside the field. So, he kept lying in the same position. 

Sage Dhaumya called all his students in the evening but Aruni was missing. He asked all of them where Aruni was. The students replied that : " Sir, you yourself had sent him to construct a bund on the field." Sage Dhaumya became worried and he along with the other students went in search of Aruni with a lantern in his hand. But they could not find Aruni anywhere. Sage Dhaumya called his name several times: " Aruni, where are you, we are searching for you." 

Teacher blessing AruniAruni heard his teacher's voice and replied in that same position: " Sir, here I am". Sage Dhaumya followed the direction from which Aruni's voice came. When he found Aruni lying in a pool of water, his heart was filled with emotion. He called Aruni and embraced him. He blessed Aruni by saying: " Son, Aruni, I am very pleased by your devotion, you will acquire every kind of knowledge even without studying. You will become famous in this world and will become the supreme devotee of God. From today, onwards you will be known as 'Uddalak'. The same Aruni became famous as sage 'Uddalak'.

In the hindu epic MahabharataEklavya (??????, klavya) is a young prince of the Nishadha, a confederation of jungle tribes in Ancient India, who aspires to study archery in the gurukul of Dronacharya. He is son of Vyatraj Harinyadhanu. His father was a soldier in the army of King of Magadha. The kingdom of Magadha was ruled by jarashanda at that time. The relations between Magadha and the Kingdom of Hastinapura were not friendly. After being rejected by drona on account of his not being of Kshatriya lineage, Eklavya embarks upon a program of self-study in the presence of a clay image of Drona. He achieves a level of skill superior to that of arjuna, Drona's favorite and most accomplished pupil. Drona eventually comes to know this and asks Eklavya for his introduction. Eklavya tells him about himself and his family. Drona feels this mighty warrior will become a force with the enemy kingdom of Magadha. Drona gets worried and demands that Eklavya turn over his right thumb as gurudakshina. The loyal Ekalavya cripples himself, thereby reducing his abilities as an archer.

In the Mahabharatha, Eklavya, was born a Nishada. But he wanted to become an archer, and he started learning archery on his own. He knew perfectly well ' his elders told him ' "No teacher is going to accept you."

Drona was the Brahmin teacher appointed by the Royal Family of Hasthinapura to teach the young Kaurav and Pandav princes the military skills that the princes needed to learn. One of these skills includes archery.

Ekalavya is the son of a Nishada king 'Hiranya Dhanyu".

Upon reaching Hasthinapura, Eklavya managed to meet Drona and requested him to accept him as his student. Drona was quite impressed by young Eklavya's sincere interest and keen desire to learn, and more so, to master the art. Consequently, Drona started inquiring about Eklavya's background and family and learned that Eklavya was born into a Nishada family. Drona being a Brahmin teacher, and more than that, being the teacher of princes, could not accept him. Drona was an employee of the Kingdom of Hastinapura and was not free to accept students on his will.

Eklavya was deeply hurt by Drona's refusal. Disappointed but still firm on his ambition to learn archery, Eklavya left the palace. Eklavya returned to his home in the jungle and made a statue of Drona. He accepted the statue of Drona as his guru and practiced in front of the statue every single day. His belief that the statue would teach him kept Ekalavya going. One day the young Kaurava and Pandava princes from Hastinapur came hunting with their teacher Drona in the jungle where Eklavya lived. While the princes were hunting around in the jungle, they camped for the night. That happened to be "amavasya" (no moon day) and dark was the night. A wild dog started barking and was disturbing everyone's sleep, but no one gathered the courage to go in the dark and shut the dog up. Everyone was getting frustrated not getting any sleep, then suddenly the sound of a shooting arrow was heard and then the sound of the wild dog dying. The next morning the princes woke up and saw the wild dog dead. Arjuna one the princes, who was supposed to be the best student of archery was so amazed at this and approached Drona to fine out how someone was able to shoot in the pitch darkness but so accurately. Drona told him it is called "shabda bhedi" (aiming based on sound) skill in archery and that Arjuna is still not at the stage to learn that skill (one has to learn how to shoot accurately by seeing first and then learn how to shoot based on sound direction). Everyone wanted to find who was the great archer who could shoot in total darkness so accurately. Drona mapped the direction of the arrow and lead his students to the place from where the arrow came. There they found Ekalavya practicing archery. Drona recognized him and asked him if it was he who shot the wild dog the night before. Ekalavya confessed that it was him and that he shot it because like everyone else he was not able to sleep because the wild dog was constantly barking. Ekalavya was of the same age as the princes and Arjuna was very disappointed at seeing someone of his age being better and more advanced than him in archery. Arjuna happens to be Drona's favorite student. Upon seeing Arjuna's sadness, Drona told him that he would still make Arjuna the best in archery, though Arjuna lost all hope that he was so behind in his studies and that Ekalavya was already much advanced in the archery.

Drona asked Ekalavya who his teacher was. Ekalavya bowed to Drona with respect and replied, "Acharya (Sir), it is you who taught me everything I learnt". Arjuna got suspicious that Drona who promised to make him the best in the world, was secretly teaching another student. Drona was amazed at Ekalavya's answer and asked him how he could be teaching him while he was teaching the royal princes in the palace. Ekalavya pointed to the life size statue of Drona that he made. He said he accepted Drona in the statue form as his teacher and learnt everything from him. Drona by now remembered everything about eklavya. Eklavya belonged to a tribe which was antagonistic to the kingdom of Hastinapura. His father Vyatraj Harinyadhanu was a soldier in the army of Jarasandha. Jarasandha was the king of Magadha and was a enemy to kingdom of Hastinapura. Dronacharya owed his loyalty to the kingdom of Hastinapura. Drona asked Ekalavya to give "Guru Dakshina" (teaching fee). Ekalavya said that Drona can ask for anything he wants for Gurudakshina and he would give it. Drona observed that Ekalavya uses his right hand and thumb to shoot arrows and he asked Ekalavya to cut his right hand thumb and give it to him as "Guru Dakshina". Ekalavya without any hesitation, cut off his thumb and gave it to Drona. Thus, Drona made Arjuna the best archer in the world.

Ekalavya is called as one of the foremost of kings in the Rajasuya Yagna where he honors Yudhishtara with his shoes . He is noted as very powerful, though deprived of his thumb. Arjuna later defeated the mighty Ekalavya in battle  & killed him, where Ekalavya was hailed as resplendent & looking like Rama , matching Arjuna in battle for a long time.

Ekalavya is determined to master archery, and goes into the forest. He begins a disciplined program of self-study over many years. Eventually, Ekalavya becomes an archer of exceptional prowess, greater than Drona's best pupil, Arjuna.

One day while Ekalavya is practicing,he hears a dog barking. Before the dog can shut up or get out of the way, Ekalavya fires seven arrows in rapid succession to fill the dog's mouth without injuring it. The Pandavas come upon the dog, and wonder who could have accomplished such a feat. Searching the forest, they find a dark skinned young man, dressed in all black with long hair and strong muscles. He introduces himself as Ekalavya, a pupil of Drona.

Upon hearing of the incident, Drona is impressed but also angered. When the young man presents himself to Drona, the guru accepts him but demands his right thumb (which is essential to position an arrow on the bow-string) as gurudakshina. Ekalavya complies, but cripples himself and thereby ruins his abilities as an archer.

According to the Mahabharata, Drona was fulfilling his dharma to protect the fated superiority of Arjuna. He has been criticized by some scholars for demanding something that was not his due. The deterministic suggestion also points out the contradiction that if Arjuna's superiority was truly fated, Ekalavya's mastery of archery would have no consequence on the destiny of thePandavas. In Mahabharata, Drona tells his son that education is for everyone and that they cannot close the doors of education on anyone. He claims he took Eklavya's right thumb as he did not get his education in the right way but stole his education by watching Drona teach others.

Others have suggested that Dronacharya suspected Ekalavya learned his skill by secretly observing the training sessions of Arjuna and his brothers. In this scenario, although Drona could have demanded an even greater punishment for covert martial training under the law of the time, he asked only for Ekalavya's right thumb.

Ekalavya has been lauded by many Indians, including Adivasis, as a paragon of achievement who achieved great heights of accomplishment through his own self-initiative, to which the nobles of the Kuru house could only aspire through formal tutelage. Ultimately, however, the Mahabharata does not settle these moral ambiguities, and leaves the tale open to speculation and discussion. Ekalavya later learned to shoot again using only four fingers and left-handed and was a mighty warrior hailed in several places in the Mahabharata.

Later, Ekalavya worked as a confidant of King Jarasandha. At the time of the Swayamvara of Rukmini, he acted as the messenger between Shishupala and Rukmini's father Bhishmaka, at the request of King Jarasandha 

Ultimately, Bhishmaka decided that Rukmini would marry Shishupala, but instead she eloped with Krishna. Ekalavya is later killed during a conflict between Krishna and King Jarasandha's army.

In Indonesian legend, in a former life Eklavaya was king Phalgunadi, killed by Drona and reborn as Dhrishtadamyuna to avenge the killing. In the this version, Arjuna gets his name Phalguna from Phalgunadi. His famous and chaste wife Dewi Anggraini was always faithful to Phalgunadi, even after his death and despite Arjuna 's proposals.

source internet

Edited by radhikarani - 05 September 2012 at 3:01am

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rai-kishori. IF-Sizzlerz

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Joined: 31 August 2011
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Posted: 05 September 2012 at 4:27am | IP Logged
Happy Teachers' Day To Acharya Chanakya And All Of My IF Friends Who Taught Me Soo Many Things !!

@Ankitadi :-

Lovely Thread !!
chand1234 IF-Sizzlerz

Joined: 17 September 2011
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Posted: 05 September 2012 at 9:13am | IP Logged
Happy Teacher's Day!!!!! =D
Mast post radhi :)

Edited by chand1234 - 06 September 2012 at 9:21am
Patrarekha IF-Sizzlerz

Joined: 14 July 2010
Posts: 14203

Posted: 05 September 2012 at 8:13pm | IP Logged
bapre radhi ne to pura research kar dala..
belated happy teachers day

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machinegun Senior Member

Joined: 08 August 2012
Posts: 393

Posted: 08 September 2012 at 12:46am | IP Logged
hey bhagvanShockedinhone to puri ki puri information de di ShockedShockedShockedShockedShockedShocked.agle saal jab bhi koi teacher's day ka thread banayga to isi information ko use kar lenaLOLLOLLOLLOLLOLLOLLOLLOL

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