Parichay Nayee Zindagi Kay Sapno Ka

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Parichay Nayee Zindagi Kay Sapno Ka
Parichay Nayee Zindagi Kay Sapno Ka

||Hindi Ek Rajya ki Nahi, Rashtra ki Bhasha ||

-sahasra- IF-Rockerz
-sahasra-
-sahasra-

Joined: 01 June 2011
Posts: 8837

Posted: 22 July 2012 at 8:18pm | IP Logged



































INTRODUCTION


Hindi-Urdu is an Indo-Aryan language and the lingua franca of North India and Pakistan. It is also known as Hindustani  literally meaning "of Hindustan"), and historically, as Hindavi or Rekhta. It derives primarily from the Khariboli dialect of Delhi, and incorporates a large amount of vocabulary from Persian, Arabic, Sanskrit and Turkic.It is a pluricentric language, with two official forms, Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu, which are standardized registers of it. The colloquial languages are all but indistinguishable, and even the official standards are nearly identical in grammar, though they differ in literary conventions and in academic and technical vocabulary, with Urdu retaining stronger Persian, Central Asian and Arabic influences, and Hindi relying more heavily on Sanskrit. Before the Partition of British India, the terms Hindustani, Urdu, and Hindi were synonymous; all covered what would be called Urdu and Hindi today. The term Hindustani is still used for the colloquial language and lingua franca of India and Pakistan, for example for the language of Bollywood films, as well as for several quite different varieties of Hindi spoken outside of the Subcontinent, such as Fijian Hindustani and the Caribbean Hindustani of Suriname and Trinidad.





Hindi, in the broad sense, consists of a variety of dialects [spoken  across a geographical area] within the Indo-Aryan language family in the northern plains of India, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Gujarati and Marathi; on the east by Maithili and Bengali; and on the north by Nepali.


This wide definition results in a clear majority of Indians being speakers of Hindi. As defined in the 1991 census, Hindi covers a number of Central, East-Central, Eastern, and Northern Zone languages, including the Bihari languages excepting Maithili, the Rajasthani languages, and the Pahari languages excepting Dogri and Nepali. Linguistically, it is equally possible to classify these as separate languages rather than dialects.

Standard Hindi, the official language of India, is based on the Khariboli dialect of the Delhi region and differs from Urdu in that it is usually written in the indigenous Devnagri script of India and exhibits less Persian influence than Urdu. It has a literature of 500 years, with prose, poetry, religion & philosophy, under the Bahmani Kings and later on Khutab Shahi Adil Shahi etc. It is a living language, still prevalent all over the Deccan Plateau. Note that the term "Hindustani" has generally fallen out of common usage in modern India, except to refer to a style of Indian classical music prevalent in northern India. The term used to refer to the language is "Hindi", regardless of the mix of Persian or Sanskrit words used by the speaker. One could conceive of a wide spectrum of dialects, with the highly Persianized Urdu at one end of the spectrum and a heavily Sanskrit-based dialect, spoken in the region around Varanasi, at the other end of the spectrum. In common usage in India, the term "Hindi" includes all these dialects except those at the Urdu end of the spectrum. Thus, the different meanings of the word "Hindi" include, among others:


  1. standardized Hindi as taught in schools throughout India,
  2. formal or official Hindi advocated by Purushottam Das Tandon and as instituted by the post-independence Indian government, heavily influenced by Sanskrit,
  3. the vernacular dialects of Hindustani/Hindi-Urdu as spoken throughout India,
  4. the neutralized form of the language used in popular television and films, or
  5. the more formal neutralized form of the language used in broadcast and print news reports.








Outside the Indian subcontinent


Much of the Hindi spoken outside of the subcontinent is quite distinct from the India-Pakistan standard language. In addition, the language of Muslims is commonly called "Urdu" rather than "Hindi" or "Hindustani."


  • Mauritian Hindi, spoken in Mauritius, based on Bhojpuri and influenced by French.
  • Sarnami, a form of Bhojpuri with Awadhi influence spoken by Surinamers of Indian descent.
  • Fiji Hindi, derived form of Awadhi, Bhojpuri and including many English and native Fijian words, is spoken by Fijians of Indian descent.
  • Trinidad Hindi, based on Bhojpuri, and spoken in Trinidad and Tobago by people of Indian descent.
  • South African Hindi, based on Bhojpuri, and spoken in South Africa by people of Indian descent.


Like Sanskrit, Hindi is written in the Dev Naagari script, which is common to several other Indian languages as well. Hindi is normally spoken using a combination of 52 sounds, ten vowels and 40 consonants. There are 11 vowels and 36 consonants in Hindi. Pronunciation in Hindi is relatively easy since, unlike English, letters are always pronounced exactly the same way. Once you have learned the letters, reading is straight forward and simple. There is a well known philosophy which says that when one meditates on the specific sounds of the Dev Naagari alphabet, the written forms appear spontaneously in the mind.

 















Tanya


Pooja










Tanya












For Rules n  more info visit


||Zabaan Seekhle||












NOTE:

Plz Don't comment on this thread until Pooja/Tanya come n reserve their posts.





The following 10 member(s) liked the above post:

poshahtanyashrivastavvidhisalotrainbowgirlshamrishsu369--Udhay---Bhavi-Rani-Swetha-

poshah Goldie
poshah
poshah

Joined: 20 July 2007
Posts: 2190

Posted: 23 July 2012 at 12:38am | IP Logged

Hello Everyone,

I would like to start the week  with one of Kunal's shayari

Ahista Ahista Kuch Hone Laga hai

Gradually, some thing has started to happen

Dil ka Sukoon khone laga hai

My heart is becoming restless (My mind is always pre occupied with your thoughts)

Dekha nahi tumhe kabhi iss nazar se

I have never seen you like that ( never looked at you with love or as a lover)

Lekin tumhari nazar ka asar hone laga hai

But still, your gaze has started to make an impression

Khwabon se poocho ki kya hai ye shararat 

Please ask the dreams, what is this naughtiness

Jo raton ka chain khone laga hai

That because of the dreams, I have started to lose sleep in the nights

Khud par ab bas nahi hai apana

I have no control over myself

Lagata hai shayad pyar hone laga hai

It appears that probably I have started to fall in love


Thanks Sahasra for the introduction, for a second I couldn't recognize that it is the same text Big smile. I really want to thank you for all the pictures you put, they gelled with the title completely and also the post you made with the title..You clearly explained the meaning of the title by putting India's map.

Sahasra, thanks so much ClapStar.
 
The meaning of the name of the thread is
 
Hindi, ek rajya ki nahi rashtra ki bhasha
 
Meaning= Hindi, it is not a language of a state, but its a national language
 
[Rajya=state, Rashtra=country and bhasha= language]


Edited by poshah - 23 July 2012 at 1:17pm

The following 7 member(s) liked the above post:

tanyashrivastavshamrishawesumsonia--Udhay---BhaviHitchHiker_-Swetha-

poshah Goldie
poshah
poshah

Joined: 20 July 2007
Posts: 2190

Posted: 23 July 2012 at 12:45am | IP Logged

Looking to start the session with some basic conversation sentences..

Galti ho to maaf kar dijiyega mujhe [If I make any mistakes, pl pardon me]

Main pehle kabhi shikshak nahi bani hoon, pehli baar sikha rahe hoon, [ I have never been a teacher before, this is the first time I am teaching]

Namaste, Shubh Prabhat doston [ Welcome, Good Morning friends]

Mera naam pooja hai [ My name is Pooja]

Aapka naam kya hai? [What is your name]

Main Mumbai ki rehne wali hoon, [I stay in Mumbai]

Aap kahan ke rehne wale hai [Where are you from]

O, aap London ke rehne wale hai [ O you stay in London]

Waha to kafi baarish hoti hai [It rains a lot there]

Mumbai mein to kafi garmi padti hai [In Mumbai, it is very hot]

Jo log hindi sikhna chahte hai, main chahti hoon ki woh apna naam aur shehar bataye[ All the people who are looking to learn Hindi, I want them to tell their names and city in Hindi ]

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tanyashrivastavvidhisalotshamrish-Bhavi--Udhay---Swetha-

tanyashrivastav IF-Dazzler
tanyashrivastav
tanyashrivastav

Joined: 08 December 2007
Posts: 3484

Posted: 23 July 2012 at 3:54am | IP Logged

thanx alot Sahasra for this post...

great work pooja di ...in translating kunal's shaayari's ...
 
nd i am really sorry for being soo late on my own language thread ...was away from the forum for a week due to my laptop not functioning properly ...
 
so really looking forward to see lots of particpation on this thread ...
 
main yeh asha kaarti hoon ke aap sab ko hamara hindi padhane ka prayas pasand ayega ...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The following 5 member(s) liked the above post:

poshahshamrishawesumsonia--Udhay---Bhavi

tanyashrivastav IF-Dazzler
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Joined: 08 December 2007
Posts: 3484

Posted: 23 July 2012 at 4:10am | IP Logged
   Now lets talk about Hindi Varnamala(alphabet chart )
 
A letter is known as 'Varna' ( and the alphabet chart is known as '(varnamala'). Vowels are called : 

'Swar'.   and Consonants are called 'Vyanjan'
.
There are 11 vowels/swar in Hindi. And they are:
  
   अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ए ऐ ओ औ ऍ ऑ ऋ          
 
अ, आइईउऊएऐओऔऑ
There are 36 consonants ( vyanjan ) in Hindi ... 
 
 
the following chart shows the entire varnamala...
 
 


Edited by tanyashrivastav - 23 July 2012 at 4:58am

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poshahshamrishawesumsonia-Bhavi

awesumsonia IF-Sizzlerz
awesumsonia
awesumsonia

Joined: 08 January 2010
Posts: 13258

Posted: 23 July 2012 at 5:18am | IP Logged
Mera naam sona hain
Mien Kerala mein rehti hoon

Well...since i was brought up in delhi...i know to speak Hindi...but i still dunno the meanings of some Hindi words...
will disturb pooja di n Tanya wid my doubtsLOL

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poshahtanyashrivastav

tanyashrivastav IF-Dazzler
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Posts: 3484

Posted: 23 July 2012 at 5:27am | IP Logged
sure sonia ...tumhare mann mein jo bhi shanka (doubt ) ho ..tum bilkul nischint hokar pooch sakti hoLOL
 
kuch zyada hi shudh hindi ho gayi na...LOL

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poshah

awesumsonia IF-Sizzlerz
awesumsonia
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Posts: 13258

Posted: 23 July 2012 at 5:43am | IP Logged
Originally posted by tanyashrivastav

sure sonia ...tumhare mann mein jo bhi shanka (doubt ) ho ..tum bilkul nischint hokar pooch sakti hoLOL
 
kuch zyada hi shudh hindi ho gayi na...LOL
haaan kuch zyaada ho gayi thi...lekin  Shudh hindi sunn ne ki aadat ho gayi hain mujhe Wink
(all thnx to Ronit da ...he always speaks Shudh Hindi in his show Adaalat)

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