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Islamic Republic Of Pakistan--A Factsheet

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Ms. Bholi Bhali

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Ms. Bholi Bhali

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Posted: 29 April 2005 at 11:34am | IP Logged
 

   Pakistan

Background:

The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan have fought two wars - in 1947-48 and 1965 - over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 - in which India capitalized on Islamabad's marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998. The dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing, but recent discussions and confidence-building measures may be a start toward lessened tensions.

  

   Pakistan

Location:

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

Geographic coordinates:

30 00 N, 70 00 E

Map references:

Asia

Area:

total: 803,940 sq km
land: 778,720 sq km
water: 25,220 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly less than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:

total: 6,774 km
border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

Coastline:

1,046 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:

mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Terrain:

flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

Natural resources:

land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:

controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

  

   Pakistan

Population:

162,419,946 (July 2005 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani

Ethnic groups:

Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)

Religions:

Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%

Languages:

Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

  

   Pakistan

Country name:

Cconventional long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
conventional short form: Pakistan
former: West Pakistan

Government type:

Federal republic

Capital:

Islamabad

Administrative divisions:

4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, North-West Frontier Province, Punjab, Sindh
note: the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region includes Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas

Independence:

14 August 1947 (from UK)

National holiday:

Republic Day, 23 March (1956)

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal; joint electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for women and non-Muslims

Executive branch:

note: following a military takeover on 12 October 1999, Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Pervez MUSHARRAF, suspended Pakistan's constitution and assumed the additional title of Chief Executive; on 12 May 2000, Pakistan's Supreme Court unanimously validated the October 1999 coup and granted MUSHARRAF executive and legislative authority for three years from the coup date; on 20 June 2001, MUSHARRAF named himself as president and was sworn in, replacing Mohammad Rafiq TARAR; in a referendum held on 30 April 2002, MUSHARRAF's presidency was extended by five more years; on 1 January 2004, MUSHARRAF won a vote of confidence in the Senate, National Assembly, and four provincial assemblies
chief of state: President General Pervez MUSHARRAF (since 20 June 2001)
head of government: Prime Minister Shaukat AZIZ (since 28 August 2004)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
elections: the president is elected by Parliament for a five-year term; note - in a referendum held on 30 April 2002, MUSHARRAF's presidency was extended by five more years (next to be held NA 2007); the prime minister is selected by the National Assembly for a five-year term (next to be held NA 2007)
election results: AZIZ elected by the National Assembly on 27 August 2004 with 191 of the votes

Judicial branch:

Supreme Court (justices appointed by the president); Federal Islamic or Shari'a Court

International organization participation:

ARF, AsDB, C (reinstated 2004), CP, ECO, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, ONUB, OPCW, PCA, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMIK, UNMIL, UNMISET, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO

Flag description:

green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam



Courtesy:www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/pk.html


Edited by Ms. Bholi Bhali - 29 April 2005 at 11:47am

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Ms. Bholi Bhali

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Ms. Bholi Bhali

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Posted: 29 April 2005 at 11:54am | IP Logged

National Emblem of Pakistan

The National Emblem of Pakistan was adopted in 1954 upon approval by the government. The emblem is usually colored green, and that with the addition of the crescent and star at the top represent the Islamic majority religion of  Pakistan.

In the center of the emblem is a shield that represents agriculture through a portrayal of the four major crops of Pakistan at the time of its adoption: cotton, jute, tea, and wheat.

The floral wreath around the shield is representitive of the history of Pakistan, as the wreath is a Mughal design.

Finally, the scroll at the bottom contains the national motto of Pakistan in Urdu. The motto is a saying of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and reads from right to left' 'Iman, Ittehad, Nazm which is translated into "Faith, Unity, Discipline"

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Emblem_of_Pakistan"

 

Ms. Bholi Bhali

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Ms. Bholi Bhali

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Joined: 10 November 2004

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Posted: 29 April 2005 at 12:36pm | IP Logged
National Flower Jasmine.
National Tree Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National Animal Markhor.
National Bird Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Flora Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
Fauna The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
Popular games Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
Tourist's resorts Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological sites Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Major Cities Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
Major Crops Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
Agricultural Growth Rate 4.15% in 2002-03
Total cropped area 22.0 million hectares
Industry Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
Energy
Major sources Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal,  and Liquid Petroleum Gas  
Power Generating Capacity  18,062 MW
Health
Hospitals  947
Dispensaries  4,800
Basic Health Units (BHUs)  4,820
Maternity & Child Health Centres  1,084
Rural Health Centres (RHCs)  581
Tuberculosis (TB) Centres  357
Hospital Beds  82,844 
Doctors (registered)  101,635 
Dentists (registered)  5,068 
Nurses (registered  44,520
Paramedics  22,714
Lady Health Workers  6,397
Education
Primary Schools  164,200 
Middle Schools  19,100 
High Schools  12,900
Arts & Science Colleges  925 
Professional Colleges  374 
Universities  Public Sector (including one Women University) 29
Private Sector 10
Transport & Communication
Total length of roads  251,845 km 
Pakistan Railway network  7,791 km 
Railway stations  781 
Pakistan International Airlines Covers 33 international and 21 domestic stations with a fleet of 44 planes.
Major Airports  8 (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar)
Seaports
International  2 (Karachi and Bin Qasim.)
Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports  3 (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)
Communications
Post Offices  12,267
Telephone connections  4,589,000
Public Call Offices  1,14,527
Telegraph offices  328
Internet Connections 1.9 million
Employment
Total Labour force  42.38 million
Employed Labour Force  39.41 million
Agriculture Sector  18.91 million
Manufacturing & Mining sector  4.51 million
Construction  2.25 million
Trade  5.27 million
Transport  1.97 million 
Finance, Community & Social Services  5.90 million
Others  5.87 million
Media
Print Media (In accordance with Central Media List)
 
 
Dailies  414 
Weeklies  392 
Fortnightlies  50 
Monthlies  259
Annually  01
Quarterly  03  

 

News Agencies
  Official  APP

 

Private PPI, NNI, On Line and Sana.

 

Electronic Media
  TV Centres Five TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 29 re-broadcasting stations. 
  Pakistan Television  4 channels (PTV-I, PTV-II (PTV World), PTV-III &  PTV-IV)
  Registered TV sets  3,604,000 
  Radio Stations Public: Total 25, Home services in 19 languages. External Services cover 81 countries in 15 languages 
Private: Radio stations 3, TV transmitter channels 3
  Cable Operators  900
Banks
Central Bank State Bank of Pakistan  
Other Banks National Bank of Pakistan
Habib Bank Ltd.
United Bankn Ltd.
Muslim Commercial Bank Ltd.
Allied Bank of Pakistan Ltd.
First Woman Bank
Mehran Bank
The Bank of Punjab
Bank of Khyber 
Specialized Banks Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan
Federal Bank for Co-operatives
Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan
The Punjab Provincial Co-operative Bank
Famous Mountain Peaks
K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin)  28,250 ft./8611 m  (2nd in World) 
Nanga Parbat  26,660 ft./8126 m (8th in World) 
Gasherbrum-I  26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)
Famous Mountain Passes
The Khyber Pass  NWFP
The Kurram Pass  FATA 
The Tochi Pass  FATA 
The Gomal Pass  NWFP 
The Bolan Pass  Balochistan 
The Lowari Pass  Chitral (NWFP) 
The Khunjrab Pass  Northern Areas 
Rivers
The Indus 2,896 km
Jhelum 825 km
Chenab 1,242 km
Ravi 901 km
Sutlej 1,551 km
Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km
Famous Glaciers
Siachin 75 km
Batura 55 km
Baltoro 65 km
Deserts
Thar  Sindh 
Cholistan  Punjab 
Thal  Punjab
Lakes
Manchar  Sindh
Keenjar Sindh
Hanna Balochistan
Saif-ul-Maluk NWFP
Satpara Northern Areas
Kachura Northern Areas
Major Dams
Mangla Dam  Punjab
Tarbela Dam  NWFP
Warsak Dam  NWFP

Currency: Pak. Rupee.

Courtesy: http://www.infopak.gov.pk/public/govt/basic_facts.html



Edited by Ms. Bholi Bhali - 29 April 2005 at 12:38pm

IMP TNG

Goldie

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Joined: 06 January 2005

Posts: 1430

Posted: 03 May 2005 at 5:05pm | IP Logged

Good information !! I didnt know about some things too to be true...Embarrassed

lolly

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lolly

Joined: 07 April 2005

Posts: 25

Posted: 05 May 2005 at 11:47am | IP Logged
ya some really good facts

thanxxxxxxxx [:)] [:)] [:)] [:)] [:)] [;)] [;)] [;)] [;)] [;)] [:P] [:P] [:P]

~LiL*PrInCeZ~

IF-Sizzlerz

~LiL*PrInCeZ~

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Joined: 20 October 2004

Posts: 11310

Posted: 12 May 2005 at 5:47pm | IP Logged

yea thanx gud 2 noe

 

Mashal

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Mashal

Joined: 17 April 2005

Posts: 2347

Posted: 13 May 2005 at 2:08am | IP Logged
thanx 4 information about pakistan we r pakistani but we dont know about pakistan more

Maha21

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Maha21

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Joined: 12 May 2005

Posts: 5320

Posted: 19 May 2005 at 12:08pm | IP Logged
Thanks for the info.... Wow... there are certainly a few things that I did not know earlier...

Maha Smile

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