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Devon ke Dev Mahadev
Devon ke Dev Mahadev

\|/ The Temples Of India\|/ (Page 21)

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Mahishamardini Shivaharkaray or Karavipur Shakti Peeth – 3rd Among 51 Shakti Peethas

Shivaharkaray or Karavipur is a Shakti Peeth dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Durga located near Parkai railway station, near Karachi, Pakistan. As per Puranas the three eyes of the Devi Sati fell here. The Goddess is worshiped as Mahishamardini or the slayer of the Demon Mahishasur and and Shiva as Krodhish (the one who can be angry).

Karavipur Shakti Peeth

Shivaharkaray - Durga
Maa Durga is known as the slayer of the demon Mahishasur, who was originated from a buffalo which represents the the animal nature in us in this form of Maa Durga is Called Mahishasura Mardini. Means Maa Durga slayed down a demon named Mahishasura who represent the animal features in human like ego, ignorance, greed & selfishness.

Mahisasuramardin

Mahishasura Mardini Durga
In this form Mahishasura Mardini, the Mother Goddess shows us the path to defeat the animal nature in human beings with the her divine help. The lion, the steed of the Maa Durga, represents man's virility. The animal nature is to be conquered and kept under rigid control, but never absolutely abolished, for everything has its part to play wile placed in the right perspective. It is to be tamed to serve the purpose of creation proper vehicle of the divine.

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Shakti peeth Yogadaya
Intro:

Yogadhya Shakti Peeth, wherein Goddess Blutadhari/Yogadhya Temple takes place, comes in vision with the grace of Goddess Shakti and Lord Shiva. Yogadhya Shakti Peeth as an apple of Bengalis' eyes at Khirgram under Burdwan district of West Bengal, India subjects to Goddess Yogadhya (form of Goddess Shakti) and Lord Khirakantha (form of Lord Shiva). Here,a mela is held during Baisakha Sankranti.  
Getting there by:

Rail: The nearest railway station, running Burdwan-Katoa Rail to reach Khirgam Village, is Nigam station.
 
History:

Yogadhya Shakti Peeth as the establishment to wash away all the tensions and stress from the lives comes after Goddess Shakti' thumb of her right leg fell where this one of the Shakti Peethas placed. Also, Goddess Yogadhya is as believed to accomplish the desires of person who comes there and devotedly worships her. The Mantra as repeated in the Puja is known to have been revealed by Goddess Yogadhya herself while she came in human form.
Name and synonyms of the temple: 
Visitors would definitely come across various facts in Shakti Peeth Yogadaya. This is one of the popular Shakti peeth that has got a spiritual power of Mata Sati 
 Place:
Shakti peeth Yogadaya is located in a village named Khirgram in West Bengal. You can get in any train train which goes to Bardwan junction station. From Burdwan station, anybody can reach Shakti peeth Yogadaya without much difficulties.
Description:
As per a particular version, right toe of Devi fell down at this particular Shakti peeth. The idol of Goddess is known as Yogadaya by the people allocated just near the particular Shakti peeth. Lord Shiva at this particular Shakti peeth is known as Khirakantha. Some believes that, Shakti peeth Yogadaya is just the same as Chintpurni temple. 
Special information about this Place:
Pindi at Shakti peeth Yogadaya would represent feet of Devi sati. Devi at this particular temple would fulfill all the desires of individuals who have been worshiping the idol and premises with heart and soul. . A devotional worship would be really important over here.

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Shakti peeth behula(burdwan,west bengal):


One of the 52 major Shakti Peethas is situated at Bhardhaman district near Katwa in West Bengal, India. The holy place is dedicated to a divine power "Goddess Durga", who is worshipped by a large number of Hindu devotees. It is believed that Devi Sati's 'Left Arm' fell here.

Alternatively, a legendary Siddha peetha of a divine power is worshipped as a supreme power of Durga Shakti"Goddess Bahula" 
(lavish) by the millions of devotees from all over the country, who visit this prehistoric divine temple every year.

MYTHS:

STORY OF BEHULA MANASAMANGAL:


devi manasa,godess of snakes

The story of Manasamangal begins with the conflict of the merchant Chandradhar or Chand Sadagar with Manasa and ends with Chandradhar becoming an ardent devotee of Manasa. Chandradhar is a worshipper of Shiva, but Manasa hopes that she can win over Chand to her worship. But, far from worshipping her, Chand refuses to even recognize her as a deity. Manasa takes revenge upon Chand by destroying seven of his ships at sea and killing his seven sons.

Behula continues to fascinate the Bengali mind, both in Bangladesh and West Bengal. She is often seen as the archetypal Bengali woman, full of love and courage. This image of Behula is reflected in one of the poems of Jibananda Das. Behula was the daughter-in law of Chand Sadagar of Champaknagar.According to myth, two beautiful "apsara's of the kingdom of heaven, Usha and Aniruddha were cursed by Gods as per the plan of Goddess Manasa and sent to earth as Behula and Lakshinder- Behula as the only daughter of Say bene and Lakshinder as the seventh son of Chand sadagar. Chand sadagar was a great devotee of Shiva and for certain reasons he hated Manasa. But Manasa had to get "Anjali" by Chand sadagar's right hand- the Bhaktasreshto to get position of Goddess in the heaven.However, Chand sadagar promised to himself that he will never give anjali to Manasa by the hand he uses to give anjali to Lord Shiva. To get an anjali from Chand, Manasa took away his six sons.They died from poisonous snake bites and manasa had absolute power over all snakes. These deaths infuriated Chand sadagar even more and he vowed to save his last son, lakhinder, in any way possible. Chand found a girl,Behula, whose destiny spoke that she will never be a widow. Chand got his seventh son, Lakshinder married with Behula. Chand also had an iron-palace built without any hole so that not a single snake could enter the house. Bishyakarma made it for the wedding night of Behula-Lakshinder. But due to the request of Manasa, Bishyakarma kept a hole in the palace. The night came and Manasa sent her Kalnagini, the most poisonous snake, to the iron palace. Behula fell asleep due to a spell Manasa cast on her. When Kalnagini was going to bite Lakshinder, she saw that Behula had committed no sin for which she might be given such a harsh punishment. So kalnagini, with the help of the lower end of her body smeared the parting of Behula's hair with the oil of the lamp, which was a sin according to the Hindu mythology. After she bit Lakshinder, Lakshinder shouted aloud. Behula woke up and saw kalnagini going out of the room. In anger, she threw the jaanti towards kalnagini and the lower part of the snake's body was cut off. kalnagini was not eager to bite Lakshinder; Manasa forced her to do so. To get back her husband's life from the Gods in the heavens, Behula sailed with her husband in a raft towards Heaven. She faced many dangers during her incredibly long and difficult journey in the rivers. After reaching Heaven, she pleased all the Gods with her beautiful and enchanting dancing and got the Gods to promise to give back her husband's life on the condition that Chand would give anjali to Manasa. Desperate to save his son's life, finally Chand gave in and gave the anjali by the left hand. Consequentlty Manasa got the position of Goddess in heaven and gave back the life of all the six sons of Chand. Behula is regarded as the epitome of loving and loyal wife in the Bengali culture.



History:

An awe-inspiring power of the Universe - "Bahula shakti peetha" is one of the historic places in India, where the divine power is worshipped as a Devi Shakti by Hindu devotees and daily offered with sweets and fruits in the morning.

 According to the Hindu mythology, it is whispered that Devi Sati's "Left Arm" fell here. The main idols of this legendary divine place are Devi as "Bahula" (lavish) and Lord Shiva as "Bhiruk" (sarvasiddhidayak), worshipped here. The holy place is dedicated to Maa Durga and Lord Shiva.


Festivals and Fairs:

The most important religious festivals celebrated at the holy place are '"Durga puja" is held with other special rituals and yagna, "Kali puja" (in Ashwin), "Maha Shivaratri" and "Navaratri". Additionally, the most important fairs are held ' Shivratri fair and Navaratri fair.

Other significant adjacent places:

Here, several other momentous places are situated near holy temple ' Konkaleshwari Kali mandir (dedicated to Goddess Kali), Sharine of Sarvamangala and Shivlingam temple (dedicated to Lord Shiva).

Temple timing: From 6 am to 10 pm daily.

a vedio of behula temple

 



Edited by ifians - 08 April 2013 at 5:22am

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Ratnavali Shakti Peetha(west bengal):


One of the 52 most important Shakti Peethas is situated at Khanakul-Krishnanagar (on the banks of Ratnakar River); district Hooghly, West Bengal, India. The holy temple of Anandamaye temple is dedicated to a divine power "Goddess Durga", who is worshipped by a large number of Hindu devotees. It is believed that Devi Sati's 'Right Shoulder' fell here.
Alternatively, a legendary Siddha peetha of a divine power is worshipped as a supreme power of Durga Shakti "Kumari" by the millions of devotees from all over the country, who visit this prehistoric divine temple every year.

History:


An awe-inspiring power of the Universe - "Ratnavali shakti peetha" is one of the historic places in India, where the divine power is worshipped as a Devi Shakti -"Kumari" by Hindu devotees and daily offered with sweets, fruits and anna-bhog. 
According to the Hindu legends, it is whispered that Devi Sati's "Right Shoulder" fell here. The main idols of this legendary divine place are Devi as "Kumari" and Lord Shiva as "Bhairav" (remover of terror), worshipped here. The holy place is dedicated to Maa Durga and Lord Shiva.

Festivals and Fairs:

The most important religious festivals celebrated at the holy place are '"Durga puja" is held with other special rituals and yagna and "Navaratri" is celebrated for nine days.
Additionally, the most important fair 'Navratri fair (for 9 days) is held in the month of April.


Edited by ifians - 08 April 2013 at 5:31am

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TRISTROTA SHAKTI PEETH(jalpaiguri,west bengal): 
 

Intro:

Tristnota Shakti Peeth, placed on the banks of Tista River in Shalbari village of Falakata in Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal, means of Goddess Bhramari/Bumblebee (form of Goddess Shakti) and Lord Ishwar (form of Lord Shiva). Here, Goddess Bhramari' central heart chakra, posessing 12 petals, builds the antibodies to guard humans from disease. 
As known in Hinduism, Bhramari Devi existing in the Chakra cares to the people from external attacks of negativities like bacteria or virus.  

History:

Tristnota Shakti Peeth, whereon Goddess Shakti' left leg fell, takes place. According to Hindu mythology, there once lived an asura (demon) called Arun asura to set up his kingdom drove out the devas from heavens, and extended his imperial drastically over families of devas e.g. their wives. The devis (wives of devas),closing their eyes, came to Aruna asura and prayed to Goddess Parmeshwari to save them.
As a result, Goddess Parmeshwari, transforming herself into a large bee with a swarm of bees, surrounded the wives of the devas. Then, the bees began to tear the chest of the demons. The powerless asuras could not fight, and died rapidly. After that, The devis (wives of devas) thanked Parmeshwari Devi for saving their chastity. Therefore, Goddess Parmeshwari got the name of 'Bhramari Devi' as the protector.

Goddess Bhramari' Mantra:

Shivaparshvasthita mata shrishaile shubhapithake
Bhramaramba mahadevi karunarasavikshana

Rituals at Bhramari Temple:

'Every year in the month of Ashviyja, Navaratri festival will be performed in the Bhramaramba temple.

'Also, a local festival as namely considered Kumbham is held every year in the month of Chaitra (around April).


mata bhramari



Edited by ifians - 08 April 2013 at 5:43am

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Shakti Peeth - Kankalitala(BIRBHUM,WEST BENGAL)

Kankalitala is a temple town in Bolpur subdivision of Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is one of the Shakti Peethas where the waist (or kankal in Bengali) of Parvati fell which is at present the Kankalitala town. Goddess Parvati is the residing deity of the Kankalitala Temple.
One of the fifty-one Shakti Peethas of the country is the Kankalitala Temple which is located about 8 kilometres northeast of Shantiniketan town in Bolpur sub-division of Birbhum District of West Bengal State. Kankalitala Temple is located in Kankalitala town on the banks of River Kopai at 23.7159, 87.7224 on the Bolpur-Labpur Road.
Kankalitala is about 10 km from Santiniketan. Buses ply on the Bolpur-Labhpur route. Bolpur is the nearest railway station. One can hire a taxi or take a rickshaw from Bolpur. According to mythology, when the dead boby of maa Parvati was cut by Lord Shiva, the waist fell at kankalitala.
According to Hindu Mythology, Lord Shivas consort - Goddess Parvati had died in the arms of Lord Shiva who in a fit of rage danced all over the Indian subcontinent during which time Lord Vishnu, in order to stop Lord Shiva had destroyed Goddess Parvati s body by dismembering it into 51 pieces - of which, her waist ( kankal - from which the name of temple is derived) is said to have fallen in the area which is at present the Kankalitala town. Goddess Parvati is the residing deity of the Kankalitala Temple.
Such is the prominence of this Temple that it forms a part of the most important Hindu-Pilgrimage circuit of India. Tourists visiting the Shantiniketan Visva Bharati also visit this temple which is just 9 kilometres away to pay homage to Goddess Parvati.

temple of kankalitala

ma kankaleswari

The Broken Shivalinga at Kankalitala

Kankalitala is one of the 51 Shakti Pithas in the Indian sub-continent and is a place of pilgrimage and tourism for those who visit Shantiniketan. While most visitors are happy to visit the tiny shrine of the divine mother, not too many take the trouble to walk another 100 metres to the shrine of the Pitha Bhairab -- the consort of Shakti -- who is referred to here as Ruru Bhairav. But those who do, get a glimpse of one of the darkest images of medieval Bengal.

Sulaiman Khan Karrani was the Pathan who ruled Bengal in the second half of the 16th century and his general KalaPahar [ the black mountain, perhaps an allusion to his physical size ], a Hindu who had converted to Islam was notorious as the demolisher of temples in Bengal and Orissa. Legend claims that he was finally killed before the temple of Sambaleshwari by the goddess herself in the guise of a milkmaid who seduced him and his people with a gift of milk and sweets that was laced with cholera germs.

Kala Pahar is known to have demolished a number of fine Hindu temples in Birbhum and the temple of Ruru Bhairav is one such. If you enter the temple today, you will see the dismal remnants of a giant Shivalingam that is nearly two feet in diameter and it is broken ! Unlike a normal Shivalinga that rises up and erect from its seat in the yoni of the Mother Goddess, this one has clearly been broken off -- with great force and malevolence -- near the ground. A piece of basalt this big does not break off or topple so easily .. and so it is natural to infer that this was the handiwork of someone who was inimical to the temple

temple and it's surroundings



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PATAN DEVI TEMPLE,PATNA, BIHAR
Proper name:- Patan Devi Mandir
Country:- India
State:- Bihar
District:- Patna
Primary deity:- Sati
Important festivals:- Durga Puja
Architectural style:- Mandir

Patan Devi, also called Maa Patneshwari, is the oldest and one of the most sacred temples of Patna. It is regarded as one of the 51 Siddha Shakti Pithas in India. According to Puranic legends, the 'right thigh' of the corpse of Sati had fallen here when it was chopped off by Lord Vishnu with his 'Sudarshan Chakra'. The ancient temple, originally called Maa Sarvanand Kari Patneshwari, is believed to be the abode of the goddess Durga. The name of the city Patna is widely believed to have been derived from the name of the Bari Patan Devi Temple. Some however doubt whether the name of Patna is derived from this temple. According to them the name is derived from patan which means a town and Patna was a big place of export and import.
  • MYTHOLOGY:- According to the Hindu mythology, it is believed that the right thigh of Devi Sati fell in Magadh and it is said that the part of the body of Sati fell in both Maharajganj and Chowk areas in Old Patna city. At these places, the Badi Patan Devi temple and the Chhoti Patan Devi temple were built. According to the Tantra Charumani, the small images of the Bari Patan Devi Temple, Patna are the Goddess Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. In Hindu mythology, these Goddesses protected Putraka, who was the founder of Pataliputra. A strange stone image has been found in a tank near the Bari Patan Devi Temple, Patna. That image has been kept in the eastern veranda of the main temple where this stone is being worshiped regularly.
  • BARI (BADI) PATAN DEVI:- The Bari Patan Devi Temple, Patna is facing the North, towards the Ganges river. The statues of the temple are all made up in black stone. At the entrance of the temple there is a portico of dimension 1.5' x 15'. After that there is a room of about 8' x 8' for gods namely, Mahakali (12"), Maha Lakshmi (6"), Maha Saraswati (12") and Bhairav (3").All the idols are kept on simhasans (thrones) of about 4 square in cross section and have a height of about 7 feet. First three goddesses are attired in sarees. Devotees can go to the temple at any time of the day. The temple does not distinguish between any caste or creed and hence is open for all religions and castes. The temple remains open from morning 6 am to 10 pm. Tuesday is a special day for the devotees and a large number of worshipers visit the temple. Promises are being made before the Goddess and on the fulfillment of the wishes devotees offer gifts and sarees in the temple.
  • CHOTI PATAN DEVI:- This temple is situated in the Chowk area of Patna City and once was considered as the main presiding deity of Patna. Over the years it has slipped to the second position of eminence, after the Bari Patan Devi temple, as city's presiding deity, with epithet 'Choti' (smaller) to the more popular one, the Bari (bigger) Patan Devi. But a historian called Buchanan was very specific in stating that it was this very temple (Choti Patendevi) which held the primary position as the city's presiding deity during 18th and early 19th century.The present temple does not seem to be of any great antiquity. The images inside the temple, if Buchanan is to be believed, were installed by Man Singh, the famous general of the Mughal emperor Akbar. The temple, however, houses a host of intact and severed Brahmanical images, including, GaneshVishnu and Surya. Beyond the temple, but within its precincts, lie in open fragments of door jumbs/lintels and yet other set of images. Of these, an impressive, but broken sun-image is the most prominent. According to many historians, it is very likely that some early medieval temple was built here sometime in 9th-11th Century A.D. and these fragmentary stray sculptural/structural relics are only its ruins. Probably, these were re-installed in a new temple, built during the 16th-17th century by Man Singh. But authentic information on this count is woefully wanting.
  • IMPORTANT FESTIVALS:- As in many other places, a mela is also held near these temples at the time of Vijayadashmi. On Saptami, Ashtami and Navami (Durga Puja)during the mela about 600 people come to offer prayers daily at either of the two temples. Visitors generally bring sweets, garlands and fruits to offer to the deities. The priest of the temple takes some quantity of the prasad and returns the rest to the devotees. He marks their forehead with Rori (red powder). The devotees also give some money to the priest as "dakshina".As regards the routine of the rituals, the deity is daily bathed morning and evening and this is followed by offerings of prasad (fruits and sweetmeats etc.) and aarti with the usual reciting of hymns by the priest, accompanied by the ringing of bells.
  • REACHING THERE:- The place can be easily reached from the Patna Bus Station. The temple is just 3 km from the Patna Junction Railway Station.Rickshaws, taxis etc. are available at Patna, Gulzarbagh and Patna City railway stations.
  • PHOTOS:-
The temple:- 
File:Patan Devi.JPG

Bari Patan Devi:- 

Choti Patan Devi:- 
Bari Patan Devi temple

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Simhachalam

Simhadri or Simhachalam (Simhachalam is a suburb of Visakhapatnam City) is a Hindu temple located near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh,South India.
It is dedicated to the incarnation (Avatar) of Vishnu known as Narasimha (the man-lion). The temple is a mix of Oriya (main/central shrine) and Dravidian(entrance) styles of architecture.

Origin of the name

Lord narasimha rock statue backyard simhachalam temple

Simha: Lion ; Adri or Achala: Hill (one which cannot be moved, viz. hill).
Atop the hill is a famous temple said to be the abode of Varaha Narasimha Swami, and hence the hill itself is called (nara) simhachalam.

Significance

It is one of the eighteen "Naarasimha Kshetras" i.e. shrines of Lord Narasimha in India. Simhachalam temple is known as the second richest temple in India (after Tirupati) earning a revenue of Rs. 520 million. The main deity inside the temple sanctorum gives "nijaroopa darshan" (holy appearance in true form) for only 12 hours in a year i.e. on Akshaya Tritiya day, the rest of the time the deity is covered with Sandalwood paste. The darshan described as 'Chandana yatra' or 'Chandanotsavam' falls every year in Vaisakha masa (May).

Legend

Hiranyakasipu was a Rakshasa king. He was one of Vishnu's Dwarapalakas or gate keepers in VaikunthaJaya and Vijaya. They had to take birth in the mortal world thrice because of a curse given by Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanathana and Sanathkumara, who were not allowed to take darshan of Mahavishnu by them. The other palaka was born as his brother Hiranyaaksha.

Hiranyakasipu wanted to become immortal and hence performed austerities (tapasya) to propitiate Lord Brahma. However, Lord Brahma said that it was not possible. So Hiranyakasipu asked Lord Brahma to grant him a boon so that he could not be killed by any animal or a man, neither in the morning nor in the night, by any weapons, neither in sky nor on the earth.

Hiranyakasipu wanted the entire world to worship him. But, Prahlada, his son, was a devotee of Lord Narayana and always expressed his devotion (bhakti) towards Him. In spite of warning him several times, Hiranyakasipu could not alter Prahlada's devotion.

This made Hiranyakasipu angry and he made numerous attempts to get Prahlada killed. One of them was to throw him off the top of a mountain. However, Vishnu rescued him by moving the mountain and made a small path for Prahlada. It is said that in the place where the Lord stood to protect Prahlada is the place where the temple is built.

The most important thing about this temple is that here God's feet are not seen. It is said that the feet are buried inside the earth. Lord Narayana came to rescue Prahlada on Garuda and when they threw Prahlada, Lord Narayana jumped from Garuda to save him and in this process his feet went deep into the earth.

Varaha Narasimha Swamy painting at a Temple in Bhadrachalam
Simhachalam Temple

Simhadri or Simhachalam (Simhachalam is a suburb of Visakhapatnam City) is a Hindu temple located near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh,

History

Lord Varaha stonecarved statue at Simhachalam temple

It has Sri Varahalakshmi Narasimha Swamy as the presiding deity. The deity at Simhachalam, the lion-man incarnation of Lord Mahavishnu is usually covered with sandalwood paste. The original shape of the deity in the tribhanga posture has two hands with the head of a lion on a human torso. An inscription dated as far back as 1098 AD of the Chola King Kuloththunga provides some clue as to its antiquity. Another inscription shows a Queen of the Eastern Ganga of Kalinga (ancient Odisha) (1137-56 AD) covering the image with gold while a third inscription says the eastern Ganga King of Odisha, Narasimha Deva, built the main/central shrine in 1267 A.D. With more than 252 inscriptions in Oriya and Telugu describing the antecedents of the temple, it is a historically important monument.

Sri Krishna Deva Raya after defeating the Gajapati ruler of Odisha Gajapati Prataparudra Dev visited the shrine twice in 1516 AD and 1519 AD and offered numerous villages for maintenance of bhogam (worship) along with valuable jewellery of which an emerald necklace is still in the temple. For the last three centuries the royal family of Vizianagaram, "The Pusapati Gajapathi's" have been the temple's trustees. Giripradhikshana (circumambulation) around the hill range (~40 km) from Hanumantha vaka/MVP colony to Simhachalam is done by piligrims during the auspicious days. Crowds of elderly people/youth/children are observed walking the 40 km stretch overnight. They visit the temple after the long journey and give their offerings to the deity.

It is said that when Muslims during one of their invasions were about to destroy and plunder the temple, a poet by name Kurmanatha implored Lord Varaha Narasimha to save his temple and the Hindus. In response to his fervent prayers, a huge swarm of copper hornets suddenly appeared and attacked the invading army and drove them out of the city. The swarm disappeared behind a hillock after driving out the Muslim armies. That hillock is now known as Tummedala Metta (Tummedala=of hornet, Metta=hillock).

Geography

The sacred Pushkarini bathing tank

The Simhachalam temple faces west unlike so many others which face east. An east-facing entrance, according to religious belief, brings prosperity while a west-facing one brings victory.

The hilltop road, as well as the location of the eastern ghat ranges are beautiful and picturesque. The hills are densely populated with trees like cashew, shrubs, mango groves, etc. The forestry is protected and well conserved. The greenery attracts tourists as well as nature lovers.

Simhachalam railway station at Gopalapatnam. the station name as "simhachalam". some express trains are halt at this station.

The localities near the piligrame include Srinivasanagar, Prahladapuram, Sainagar colony, Simhapuri colony and many other housing


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Edited by ifians - 19 April 2013 at 11:14am

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