Posted: 26 March 2006 at 5:21pm | IP Logged
Urdu & Punjabi
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City of Wrestlers
Gujranwala is a relatively recent creation in history. Other now smaller town in the vicinity for example Sohdara Amin Abad Wazir Abad and Ghakkar have older anticident than Gujranwala itself . At the time Ahmad Shah Abdali Invaded India in 1774 .To engage the Marhata's he traveled from Lahore northwards to town of Shahdara,Sirai,Fazal Abad,Pul Shahdola,Amin Abad,Sirai Kachi, Ghakkar,Nazim Abad. Qazir Abad onward. Any setlement at or near Gujranwala's present site would be between Amin Abad and Ghakkar.
The first name of the setlement according to the compliers of the first edition of the district Gazzette was khanpur Shansi after an individual of the JAT cast called Khan Shansi.The Compilers of the district Gazetter date this name to " Approximately 300 years. Giving us a rough estimate of the middle of the 16th century . In this indispensable 1969 Essay " Gujranwala ; past and present ".
Dr.Waheed Quereshi names four villages in the Vacinity at the time of Abdalies invasion i.e in the late18th century.
1. Sirai Kachi:
A european merchant in the area in 1608 ad.and mentioned in his memoir a place he calls Coojes Serai .before finch there is a very little evidence in history of Sirai Kachi . by the late 18th century it was a wagon stop village an inn and a graveyard. Probably the antecedent of Chaman Shah garavyard in existance today.
2.Sirai Gujran :
This village existed in the area inside the current Khiyaaly Gate in the city. Hafiz Abdul haq in his " Tareekh-e-Gujranwala" and " Molvi Adbul Malik in his " Shahan-e-Gujran" mention Sirai Gujran.
Charat Singh a sikh leader built a Mud Forte here in 1758 .
4. Thatta :
This village existed between the current railway line and the G.T.Road .Charat Singh son Mahaan Singh develop this village
NAME HISTORY :
The origin of the name Gujranwala is shrouded in mists of time and one is forced to reffer again to the first gazetteer 1874. for some reason the Jaat Tribe Gujar occuipied the land. They reach such dominance that the town came to be known as Gujranwala is majority of the Sahnsi people continued to cultivate the land but were weak.
Dr.Qureshi cites oral evidence from a resident and also cites inflection of the word Gujjar to support his conclusion " we , the inhabitant of Gujranwala " have two sounds of the letter Gaf- the soft letter and the hard leter. We pronounced Gujranwal with the soft one .The word Gujar " milkman " is pronounced with the hard Gaf and Gujrar Jaat with the soft Gaf therefore it is not unreasonable to accept the view that it is from Gujjars(milkman) that the citi got its name.
Gujranwala is playing a major roll to support the economy of Pakistan.Gujranwala has a biggest production of electric water pumps in Pakistan.The other major business are knitwear and clothing(ladies fabrics)manufacturing,house hold cutlry,steel utensils and plasticware.
Edited by CuteFairy91 - 26 March 2006 at 5:23pm