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Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Singing Superstar
Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Singing Superstar

Mukesh - A Pricelss Singer

kishore_bhakta Senior Member
kishore_bhakta
kishore_bhakta

Joined: 27 June 2005
Posts: 505

Posted: 10 March 2006 at 6:16pm | IP Logged

Greetings everyone. I've been a bit busy with work and other comittments, which is why I am not posting as often as I did few months ago. I am gonna write one article, since I haven't written anything in a while. This time, it's about a playback legend.

Who hasn't heard of Mukesh Chand Mathur, who is known as Mukesh by everyone known him. He was born in July of 1923. When he turned sixteen years old, he attended his sister's barati and sang there. Actor Motilal was present and was amazed by his voice.  Around 1940, Motilal took Mukesh to Bombay, took care of him and trained him. In 1941, he sang his first song and acted in the film "Nirdosh." That film didn't take off too well. It wasn't until 1945 when the big break that he was looking for came through.

In 1945, Anil Biswas offered him a composition for the film "Pehli Nazar." The song was "Dil Jalta Hai To Jalne De" pictured on Motilal. That song became well recognized and Mukesh started his playback singing career. Dil Jalta Hai was very well sung and he imitated his idol, K.L. Saigal, so well that Saigal said, upon hearing this song, that he didn't remember singing this song.

In Mukeshji's lifetime, 1948 was a significant year for him. He met with actor and aspiring film maker, Raj Kapoor. Raj Kapoor was very impressed with his voice that he wanted to use him in his first home-production "Aag." The song which became popular in that film was "zinda hoon iss tarah hoon gamein" by music director Ram Ganguly. In 1948, Naushad Ali became the first person to break the Saigal singing style in his voice. He had Mukesh sing in the film "Mela" in 1948 and "Andaaz" in 1949. The songs in both films became very popular and his voice became very well liked. His playback singing career started off with a perfect bang. Besides his career, his family life was starting to blossom. He married Saral in 1946, had his first daughter Rita in 1948, and his first son in 1950, who we all know as Nitin Mukesh Mathur.

In 1952, Mukesh realized his dreams and he felt he wanted to be an actor, instead of singer. He acted in a small handful of film such as Mashooqa in 1953, cameo in Aah in 1953 and his complete home production of Anuraag in 1956. He sang, music directed, produced, and directed the film. That film was an utter flop which left him in a state of trouble finanacially. He was not able to pay fees fo his children to attend school.

He realized that he would be much more successful as a singer. He tried to come back to singing for films only to find it all taken. Except for few songs in Shri 420, Manna Dey was "established" as the new voice of Raj Kapoor. Mohammed Rafi and Kishore Kumar were at their high points. Talat Mehmood and Hemant Kumar were used a good amount of times during this time. As a result, he didn't record much toward the latter 1950s. In 1958, Salil Chaudhary found Mukesh useful in singing for Dilip Kumar in Yahudi and Madhumati. In 1959, he won his first filmfare award for his song "sab kuch seekha humne" for Anari. His career's wheels started turning once again.

From 1959, Mukesh was Raj Kapoor's popular voice again, although Manna Dey would be there on occasion. In 1960, Mukesh's "rediscovery" took place when new composers Kalyanji Anandji came to the indsutry. With songs like "Mujhko iss raat ki tanhai mein" and the songs of Chalia "mere tute huye dil se" and "dam dam diga diga" set KA and Mukesh forward. As a result, KA got better assignments and with those assignments, Mukesh was there. The irony of their success story is that films that KA did with Mukesh turned to be flops, but the music became a super success. Films like Phool Baney Angarey (1963), Dulha Dulhan (1964), Ji Chahta Hai (1964), Saheli (1965), Dil Ne Pukara (1967), and Abroo (1968) were all flopped films which are rare to find these days. But their songs "Chand Aahein Bharega", "Humne tujhko pyaar kiya hai", "hum chod chale hai", "jis dil mein basa tha pyaar tera", "waqt karta jo wafa", and "jinhe hum bhool na chahe" were all remembered hits, respectively! KA's assistants, Laxmikant and Pyarelal, became independent music directors and found their success through the perfect films for Mukesh. Milan and Patthar Ke Sanam in 1967 helped Mukesh and LP during this time.

Around this time, we hit the 1970s were music slowly changes. Around this time, Rajesh Khanna, R.D. Burman's westernized fast paced music, and Kishore Kumar were the most desired persons and music. Mukesh's bass and soft vocals were not used as often during the 1970s. His voice got much thicker than the previous decade of the 60s. His thick voice was experimented with Jeetendra in Suhag Raat, Vishwas, and Mere Humsafar. Rajesh Khanna had Mukesh as his voice through Anand and Kati Patang. Feroz Khan was experiemnted succesfully in Safar, Upasana, Anjaan Rahein, Dharmatma, and Kabeela. He became the more recognized voice of Manoj Kumar from the late 60s till the mid 70s, although Mahendra Kapoor shared this title. 

Still, he wasn't getting as many songs as other male playback singers, but he was churning hits anytime he sang. It wasn't until 1976 that he made another rediscovery. This was to be the most unsual combination, Yash Chopra film with Khaiyyam and the raga Yaman filmed on Amitabh Bacchan, the angry and rough man of the industry. Kabhie Kabhie was the name of this film. When Mukesh had a heart attack in early 1976, Khaiyyam wanted to give the title song of Kabhi Kabhie to someone else. When Mukesh saw Yash Chopra and Khaiyyam during his recovery, he requested that Kabhi Kabhie's title song would not be given to anyone else but him, as Mukesh really enjoyed the composition. It was the best composition of that year which beautifully fit in with Amitabh's persona.

When other music directors who hardly used him, such as R.D. Burman, or avoided experimenting his voice in different genres, heard Kabhi Kabhie, they decided to use his voice. This was his final rediscovery. But his final rediscovery had him sing for Amitabh again in the film Adalat, in which one song had Amitabh and Mukesh together. R.D. Burman found perfect use for Mukesh for six songs, which were slightly beyond his "usual genre" in 1976. LP used Mukesh in multi-starrer songs like in Imaan Dharam, Aahuti, Dharam Veer, and even had Mukesh sing for Vinod Khanna and say three lines for Amitabh in the unreleased version of Pardah Hai Pardah for Amar Akbar Anthony.

In 1976, Mukesh recorded his final song "Chanchal Sheetal Nirmal Komal" for Raj Kapoor's film Satyam Shivam Sundaram. Mukesh went to the US for his tour. Mukesh delayed his operation in order to finish the tour. In Detroit, August 26, 1976, Mukesh saw his son, Nitin Mukesh performing live with Lataji and felt that it was time for Nitin to take the footsteps. The next day, Mukesh passed away in a land alien to his motherland. Lataji took his body to India and his funeral ceremony was taped live as his last concert recording was played. His final concert is available on CD.

After his death, his songs still became hits. In November 1976, he won the Filmfare award for Kabhi Kabhie. In 1977, he was nominated for Filmfare for "Suhani Chandni Raatein", and in 1978, he was nominated for "Chanchal Sheetal Nirmal Komal." His voice is still remembered by all music fans, as they can relate to his romantic, sad, and funny songs,to name a few genres, sung by Mukesh.

His post-death releases:

1977: Dharam Veer, Amar Akbar Anthony, Mukti, Imaan Dharam, Farista Ya Qatil, Jaaneman, Chandi Sona

1978: Satyam Shivam Sundaram (this film dedicated to Mukesh's memory) was dedicated , Aahuti, Paramatma, Tumhari Kasam, Naukri

1979: Bombay By Nite, Meri Dosti Tera Pyaar

1980: Patthar Se Takkar, Shaitan Mujarim

1981: Saanjh Ki Bela, Farz Aur Pyaar, Maila Aanchal

1982: Aarohi

1983: Chor Mandali (last film where Mukesh song was picturized on Raj Kapoor)

1986: Love and God

1989: Shubh Chintak

1997: Chand Grahan (his final release)

The following 3 member(s) liked the above post:

bewajahdazzling startulip007

apparaohoare IF-Rockerz
apparaohoare
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Joined: 12 January 2006
Posts: 7199

Posted: 10 March 2006 at 7:01pm | IP Logged
Welcome back Bhakta da. We really missed you. We missed the presence of an expert in this forum.

kishore_bhakta Senior Member
kishore_bhakta
kishore_bhakta

Joined: 27 June 2005
Posts: 505

Posted: 10 March 2006 at 8:32pm | IP Logged
I've been busy with work more than ever recently. Also, my new group of students are studying tabla and khol with me on the weekends. But thank you, Mrspetloverji, ADji, and Appa Raoji for your warm welcome :-)

I too started up with film music through Mukesh. In fact, when I sang, I used to copy his voice. I went towards Kishoreda as my tastes changed, but I always enjoyed listening to Mukesh.

R.D. Burman used Mukesh very rarely. As I mentioned in the article, after the "Kabhi Kabhie" effect in 1976, many music directors finally thought of giving him more songs "outside of his box." Here are the songs Mukesh sang for R.D. Burman. Note the years

1. Ae Meri Jaan (w/ Ashaji) Puraskar 1970
2. Nateeja Hamari (w/ Ashaji) Puraskar 1970
3. Jis Gali Mein Tera Ghar Kati Patang 1970
4. Suraj Ke Jo Kiran Ka Naata (w/ Lataji) Hungama 1971
5. Zindagi Mein Aap Aaye (w/ Vani Jayram) Chaliya 1973
6. Haan To Mein Kya Keh Raha Tha (w/ Lataji and Rajesh Khanna) Raja Rani 1973
7. Kahin Karti Hogi (boh versions w/ Lataji) Phir Kab Miloge 1974
8. Ek Din Bik Jaayega Dharam Karam 1975
9. Na Ho Bas Mein (w/ Kishoreda and Sushma Srestha) Dharam Karam 1975
10. Tere Humsafar Geet Hai Tere (w/ Kishoreda and Ashaji) Dharam Karam 1975
11. Suhani Chaandni Raatein Mukti 1977
12. Lalla Lalla Lori Mukti 1977
13. Teri Duniya Kaisi Tu Jaane Chandi Sona 1977
14. Karam Kahe Qismat Bane Karm 1977
15. Karam Kaho Qismat Kaho Karm (w/R.D. Burman) 1977
16. Upar Jaake Yaad Ayi Niche Ki Baat Naukri 1978
punjini IF-Dazzler
punjini
punjini

Joined: 19 January 2006
Posts: 3277

Posted: 10 March 2006 at 8:37pm | IP Logged
So there are quite a number of songs Mukesh sang for RD. Not just the 4 that Dwarkaji mentioned.
punjini IF-Dazzler
punjini
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Joined: 19 January 2006
Posts: 3277

Posted: 10 March 2006 at 8:38pm | IP Logged
Wonder why many many songs sung by Mukesh are based on Yaman Kalyan. I mean almost all the songs of his that I hum are based on YK! Amazing!
punjini IF-Dazzler
punjini
punjini

Joined: 19 January 2006
Posts: 3277

Posted: 10 March 2006 at 8:44pm | IP Logged
Here are my 10 favourite Mukesh songs:

Saranga teri yaad mein (love it to distraction!)
Hum chal rahe the
Bhooli hui yaadein
Aasoon bhari hai
Kisi ke muskurahaato pe ho nisaar
Woh subah kabhi to aayegi
Suhana safar aur yeh mausam haseen
Chandan sa badan
Kisi nargisi nazar ko dil denge hum
Cheen-o-Arab hamara hindustan hamara
kishore_bhakta Senior Member
kishore_bhakta
kishore_bhakta

Joined: 27 June 2005
Posts: 505

Posted: 10 March 2006 at 10:29pm | IP Logged
I lost count on my collection.

Did you also know that Mukesh sang an unreleased song "Na Kajre Ki Dhaar Na Motiyon Ke Haar" for KA.

When Viju Shah (Kalyanji's son I think) made the music for Mohra in 1994, he used this song but had Pankaj Udhas singing this song with the same lyrics.

Also... if you thought Mukesh and R.D. was a rare combo.

Mukesh + Amitabh Bachchan

1. Raaste Ka Patthar Raaste Ka Patthar 1972
2. Eeb Tum Paas Na Aana (w/ Ashaji) Raaste Ka Patthar 1972
3. Main Hardam Kisi Ko Dhoondhta Hoon (w/ Ashaji) Raaste Ka Patthar 1972
4. Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein (solo) Kabhi Kabhie 1976
5. Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein (w/ Lataji) Kabhi Kabhie 1976
6. Main Pal Do Pal Ka Shayar Kabhi Kabhie 1976
7. Mein Har Ek Pal Ka Shayar Kabhi Kabhie 1976
8. Humka Aisa Waisa Na Samjho (w/ Amitabh) Adalat 1976
9. Behna O Behna Teri Doli Adalat 1976
10. Pardah Hai Pardah (w/ Rafisaab and Kishoreda) Amar Akbar Anthony 1977
kishore_bhakta Senior Member
kishore_bhakta
kishore_bhakta

Joined: 27 June 2005
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Posted: 10 March 2006 at 10:38pm | IP Logged

Originally posted by adwarakanath

Thanks for list.

Pardah Hai Pardah?? Mukesh and Kishoreda? Chorus?

In the film version, Mukesh does a one-liner and Kishore does a two liner.

In the film version when Rafisaab does "to to to to", Kishore steps in for Amitabh and sings "Akbar Tera Naam Nahin Hai." He does this too for the second verse.

In the second verse, when Rafisaab sings "kisi ki jaan jaati hai" Mukesh (film version) says for Amitabh "wah! wah! wah!"

I can send you the MP3 to your e-mail address if you want.

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