As I am a student of International relations we have studied Kautilya's Arthasasthra..
am giving a brief details of it from my book kautilyas mandala system
kautilya also known as vishnu gupt or chanakya lived in 4tn 3rd century.. his most celebrated work the arthasastra is believed to been composed some tym b4 321 - 296 bc
as you already know his details am jumping to the policy of kautilya
Mandala system- kautilya's primary concern is with a central king whom he defines as the potential conqueror orvijigishu.. located inside a well defined circle ofkingdoms or mandala, the ultimate objective of the king's effort is the atenment of happiness which result from conquest..
power is the means used by the king for attainment of happiness
kautilya starts w8 the fundamental assumptionsthat any two kings whose territorty are geographially contiguous are natural emnemies of each other. on the same logic the king whose territory iscontiguous to enemy is an enemy of enemy
and hence a friend to king..
kautilya defines ten kings in int system
central kng or vijigishu
the enemyinfront or ari
the friend or mitra
the enymies friend or arimitra in front
the friend's friend or mitramitra
the enemies frnd's frnd or arimitra mitra
the enymy in rear or parshanigraha
the friendinthe rear or akranda
the enemies friend in rear or parshanigrahasara
the frnd'ds frnd in rear or akrandasara
therea are intermediery or madhyama
and neutral or udasina kings
further divides neutality into 3 states-
stana (keeping quite)
asana (withdrawal from hostility)
this is a matter of some theoritical significance and distinguises kautilyas model of an international system from that balance of power we shall see presently
the 12 kings as i listed above together constitute kautilyas international system
the conqueoror his frnd and his frnds are the three primary kings constituing a circle of states. each king has five elements of sovereignty minister ,territory, fort. treasury,army.
hene the cicle of states consists of 18 elements ..
but the enemy intermediery and neutrals kings are also potential conquerers having circles of their own. alsoo consists 18 elements
there are 4 cirles and 72 elements in international system
king is fountain of all policy
ministers play advisory role