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Rukmini Vivah

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lola610

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lola610

Joined: 03 November 2008

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Posted: 29 September 2009 at 1:46pm | IP Logged
Hi everyone... Wanted to share some info, pics, songs, etc on one of the cutest leelas of Bhagwan Shri Krishna which unfortunately JSK didn't get to show us (yet... hopefully it will though!): Rukmin Haran and Vivah. This story is both meaningful and entertaining at the same time, which is why it serves as a very popular theme in classical dance, devotional poetry, and and is even reenacted with much grandeur at many Vaishnav mandirs... hopefully we can enjoy discussing it too! Credit goes to Sita for giving me this lovely idea... thank you so much dear! Hug

The basic story (sorry if it sounds too "Dada Dadi ki Kahaniyaan" LOL):
Bheeshmak, the king of Vidarbha, had two children, Prince Rukmi and Princess Rukmini. Bheeshmak had heard many stories of Krishna's valor and secretly wished him to be his son-in-law. He knew that it might not be possible as Kans's father in law, Jarasandh, was their overlord and he was Krishna's sworn enemy.

Now Rukmi was a friend of Kans and owed his allegiance to Jarasandh. He wanted his younger sister to marry Shishupal, Krishna's cousin and prince of Chedi, who also was favored by Jarasandh.

Rukmini had heard stories of Krishna's divinity from her childhood and she had her heart set on marrying him. When she heard that Rukmi had chosen Shishupal for her, she resolved that she would only marry Krishna or die. 

She sent for her trusted aid Sunanda, a wise old Brahman. She wrote a note to Krishna telling him that he was the only husband for her and asked if he would come and take her away. She wrote to him, that if he wouldn't have her, she would give up her life. She also begged him that he spare the lives of her family whilst kidnapping her. She wrote that on the day of the wedding, she would go to the temple of the Mata Parvati and if he would, that was the right time to kidnap her. She sent Sunanda with the note to Dwarka, the kingdom of Krishna.

Krishna knew of Rukmini's devotion and accepted it graciously. Upon receiving the message from her, he resolved to kidnap her. Now Jarasandh who knew that Krishna might try something like that to humiliate him, filled Vidarbha with people loyal to him.

Krishna went to Vidarbha first and Balram followed with the army. On the wedding day, when Rukmini was leaving the temple, she looked in the crowds for Krishna. She did not see him. As she was about to enter her chariot and leave, she felt someone hold her from behind. It was Krishna. He lifted her into the chariot and sped away.

Jarasandh was furious. He rallied all his men and ordered them to chase Krishna. Jarasandh's men followed Krishna but were ambushed by Balram and his army on the outskirts of the city. Now Rukmi managed to go through Balram's army and catch up with Krishna and Rukmini. He swore that he would not return to his city without his sister.

Rukmi fired an arrow at Krishna, but it did not even make a dent in Krishna's divine armour. Krishna then fired multiple arrows, which first killed Rukmi's horses and then shattered his chariot. Rukmi then picked up his bow again, but before he could fire, Krishna shot another arrow and shattered Rukmi's bow. Rukmi now mad with rage picked up his sword and ran towards Krishna. Krishna fired another arrow and split Rukmi's sword in two. Krishna then picked up his sword and was about to attack Rukmi when Rukmini begged her lord to spare her brother's life. On Rukmini's saying, Krishna spared Rukmi's life but cut half the hair on his head and half the moustache on his face, the worst insult a warrior could face, and then let him go.

Krishna returned to Dwarka with Rukmini and made her his bride.

The deeper meaning:
Shri Krishna and Devi Rukmini were of course Lakshmi-Narayan themselves; their union was meant to be as they have been together since the beginning of time. In incarnation after incarnation, there are obstacles that they must cross in order to unite - whether it was the Shiv Dhanush in Ram avatar or this time around, Rukmi and Jarasandh. But by putting these obstacles in their own path, the divine couple teaches us that true love can overcome anything and sets an example of its strength in each of their earthly incarnations Heart
Another important element of this leela is Rukmini's sincere devotion; her heartfelt message to Shri Krishna is its own prayer within the Bhagvatam (Rukmini Sandesh), and is the subject of beautiful poetry even today.
Here is a translation of the Rukmini Sandesh I mentioned; it's a beautiful Stuti which highlights the complete surrender that characterizes a true prem-rasa intoxicated devotee:

O the infallible and the most handsome One! Having heard Your qualities, which enter through the path of ears and absolve away the pains of life, and having heard about Your handsome appearance, which is the only asset of the eyes of living beings with eyes, my heart is accepting You as a consort leaving behind shyness.||1||

O Mukunda, the lion (best) among men! Given a chance, which composed girl from a good lineage will not wish for You as a consort; You, Who is the happiness of the minds of people, Who is the happiness of the world, and Who is incomparable from any viewpoint ' be it lineage, nature, beauty, knowledge, energy, wealth, or abode.||2||

Therefore, O Lord! I have indeed accepted You as a consort and I have submitted myself to You. O lotus-eyed Krishna! Please arrive here [and accept me]; so that the prince of Cedi (Sisupala) does not takes away the property of brave You ' just like a jackal should not take away the prey of a lion.||3||

If I have revered the all pervading Paramatman by social welfares (digging wells), oblations, obeying rules, penance, and serving demi-gods, saints, and preceptor, then O Gadagraja (Krishna)! You accept me after holding my hand ' instead of anyone else like the son of Damaghosa (Sisupala).||4||

O Lord, Who is unconquered! Arrive secretly in Vidarbha one day before my marriage. Then after defeating all the army-commanders from the regions of Cedi and Magadha (Sisupala and Jarasandha), marry me with the ways of demons by showing Your valor and conquering power.||5||

If You are wondering that how will you conquer me without killing the women and relatives inside my palace, then I am telling You a way out. As per an old tradition, there is a grand fair before the marriage, during which the bride goes out to the temple of Girija for prayers.||6||

O lotus-eyed Krishna! If I don't achieve the dust of Your feet, which is sought after by incomparable Ones like Umapati (Siva), then I will destroy my life. If the service of Your feet is not achieved in this life, then I will take hundreds of birth and do penance; I am sure I will achieve Your lotus feet some day.||7||



Edited by lola610 - 29 September 2009 at 2:03pm

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..RamKiJanaki..

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lola610

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lola610

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Posted: 29 September 2009 at 1:50pm | IP Logged
Here is a beautiful Hindi interpretation of the Stuti from BR Chopra's classic Mahabharat, along with lyrics and my possibly flawed translation (sorry if there are any mistakes Embarrassed)

Vinati Suniye Naath Hamari X2

Hear my plea, oh Lord!

Hridayeshwar Hari Hriday Vihaari

King of my heart, my Lord, resident of my heart

Mor Mukut Pitambar Dhaari

Wearer of the peacock feather crown and yellow garments

Vinati Suniye…

Janam Janam Ki Lagi Lagan Hai

I've loved you birth after birth

Saakshi Taaron Bhara Gagan Hai!

The starry sky is my witness

Gin Gin Shwaas Aas Kehti Hai

With each breath, my hope tells me

Aayenge Shri Krishna Murari

Shri Krishna will surely come

Vinati Suniye…

Satata Pratiksha, Apalak Lochan

Endlessly waiting, my eyes don't even blink

He Bhav-Baadha Vipati Vimochan

O remover of fear, obstacles, and difficulties

Swaagat Ka Adhikaar Dijiye

Give the right of welcoming you

Sharanaghat Hai Nayan Pujaari

to these devoted eyes in your refuge

Vinati Suniye…

Aur Kahoon Kya Antaryami

What else can I say, All-knowing One

Tan Man Dhan Praanon Ke Swami

Master of my body, mind, and wealth

Karuna Kar Aakar Ye Kahiye

Have compassion, come and tell me:

"Sweekari, Vinati Sweekari!"

 "Your plea has been accepted!"

Vinati Suniye… (Full Sthaayi)

lola610

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lola610

Joined: 03 November 2008

Posts: 7515

Posted: 29 September 2009 at 2:01pm | IP Logged
Here's the equally beautiful prayer by Rukmini Devi to Gauri Maa, in which she shows complete trust that the divine mother will do what needs to be done. PLEASE, I request everybody, no comparisons... all devotional poetry is to be respected, and so are the people who are lucky enough to participate in bringing it onscreen.

..RamKiJanaki..

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..RamKiJanaki..

Joined: 20 August 2008

Posts: 44314

Posted: 29 September 2009 at 7:43pm | IP Logged
Big smile
Originally posted by lola610

Hi everyone... Wanted to share some info, pics, songs, etc on one of the cutest leelas of Bhagwan Shri Krishna which unfortunately JSK didn't get to show us (yet... hopefully it will though!): Rukmin Haran and Vivah. This story is both meaningful and entertaining at the same time, which is why it serves as a very popular theme in classical dance, devotional poetry, and and is even reenacted with much grandeur at many Vaishnav mandirs... hopefully we can enjoy discussing it too! Credit goes to Sita for giving me this lovely idea... thank you so much dear! Hug

The basic story (sorry if it sounds too "Dada Dadi ki Kahaniyaan" LOL):
Bheeshmak, the king of Vidarbha, had two children, Prince Rukmi and Princess Rukmini. Bheeshmak had heard many stories of Krishna's valor and secretly wished him to be his son-in-law. He knew that it might not be possible as Kans's father in law, Jarasandh, was their overlord and he was Krishna's sworn enemy.

Now Rukmi was a friend of Kans and owed his allegiance to Jarasandh. He wanted his younger sister to marry Shishupal, Krishna's cousin and prince of Chedi, who also was favored by Jarasandh.

Rukmini had heard stories of Krishna's divinity from her childhood and she had her heart set on marrying him. When she heard that Rukmi had chosen Shishupal for her, she resolved that she would only marry Krishna or die. 

She sent for her trusted aid Sunanda, a wise old Brahman. She wrote a note to Krishna telling him that he was the only husband for her and asked if he would come and take her away. She wrote to him, that if he wouldn't have her, she would give up her life. She also begged him that he spare the lives of her family whilst kidnapping her. She wrote that on the day of the wedding, she would go to the temple of the Mata Parvati and if he would, that was the right time to kidnap her. She sent Sunanda with the note to Dwarka, the kingdom of Krishna.

Krishna knew of Rukmini's devotion and accepted it graciously. Upon receiving the message from her, he resolved to kidnap her. Now Jarasandh who knew that Krishna might try something like that to humiliate him, filled Vidarbha with people loyal to him.

Krishna went to Vidarbha first and Balram followed with the army. On the wedding day, when Rukmini was leaving the temple, she looked in the crowds for Krishna. She did not see him. As she was about to enter her chariot and leave, she felt someone hold her from behind. It was Krishna. He lifted her into the chariot and sped away.

Jarasandh was furious. He rallied all his men and ordered them to chase Krishna. Jarasandh's men followed Krishna but were ambushed by Balram and his army on the outskirts of the city. Now Rukmi managed to go through Balram's army and catch up with Krishna and Rukmini. He swore that he would not return to his city without his sister.

Rukmi fired an arrow at Krishna, but it did not even make a dent in Krishna's divine armour. Krishna then fired multiple arrows, which first killed Rukmi's horses and then shattered his chariot. Rukmi then picked up his bow again, but before he could fire, Krishna shot another arrow and shattered Rukmi's bow. Rukmi now mad with rage picked up his sword and ran towards Krishna. Krishna fired another arrow and split Rukmi's sword in two. Krishna then picked up his sword and was about to attack Rukmi when Rukmini begged her lord to spare her brother's life. On Rukmini's saying, Krishna spared Rukmi's life but cut half the hair on his head and half the moustache on his face, the worst insult a warrior could face, and then let him go.

Krishna returned to Dwarka with Rukmini and made her his bride.

The deeper meaning:
Shri Krishna and Devi Rukmini were of course Lakshmi-Narayan themselves; their union was meant to be as they have been together since the beginning of time. In incarnation after incarnation, there are obstacles that they must cross in order to unite - whether it was the Shiv Dhanush in Ram avatar or this time around, Rukmi and Jarasandh. But by putting these obstacles in their own path, the divine couple teaches us that true love can overcome anything and sets an example of its strength in each of their earthly incarnations Heart
Another important element of this leela is Rukmini's sincere devotion; her heartfelt message to Shri Krishna is its own prayer within the Bhagvatam (Rukmini Sandesh), and is the subject of beautiful poetry even today.
Here is a translation of the Rukmini Sandesh I mentioned; it's a beautiful Stuti which highlights the complete surrender that characterizes a true prem-rasa intoxicated devotee:

O the infallible and the most handsome One! Having heard Your qualities, which enter through the path of ears and absolve away the pains of life, and having heard about Your handsome appearance, which is the only asset of the eyes of living beings with eyes, my heart is accepting You as a consort leaving behind shyness.||1||

O Mukunda, the lion (best) among men! Given a chance, which composed girl from a good lineage will not wish for You as a consort; You, Who is the happiness of the minds of people, Who is the happiness of the world, and Who is incomparable from any viewpoint ' be it lineage, nature, beauty, knowledge, energy, wealth, or abode.||2||

Therefore, O Lord! I have indeed accepted You as a consort and I have submitted myself to You. O lotus-eyed Krishna! Please arrive here [and accept me]; so that the prince of Cedi (Sisupala) does not takes away the property of brave You ' just like a jackal should not take away the prey of a lion.||3||

If I have revered the all pervading Paramatman by social welfares (digging wells), oblations, obeying rules, penance, and serving demi-gods, saints, and preceptor, then O Gadagraja (Krishna)! You accept me after holding my hand ' instead of anyone else like the son of Damaghosa (Sisupala).||4||

O Lord, Who is unconquered! Arrive secretly in Vidarbha one day before my marriage. Then after defeating all the army-commanders from the regions of Cedi and Magadha (Sisupala and Jarasandha), marry me with the ways of demons by showing Your valor and conquering power.||5||

If You are wondering that how will you conquer me without killing the women and relatives inside my palace, then I am telling You a way out. As per an old tradition, there is a grand fair before the marriage, during which the bride goes out to the temple of Girija for prayers.||6||

O lotus-eyed Krishna! If I don't achieve the dust of Your feet, which is sought after by incomparable Ones like Umapati (Siva), then I will destroy my life. If the service of Your feet is not achieved in this life, then I will take hundreds of birth and do penance; I am sure I will achieve Your lotus feet some day.||7||

 
 
Wooow, thanks for writing this wonderful story about Krishna and Rukminiji, Lola!TongueBig smile You did such a wonderful superb job, and def have no grammar mistakes!Wink
I loooove the story of Rukmini and Krishna's marriage, it's sooooo cute and ads spice to the Lord's lifestory!WinkBig smile
And thanks a lot for the vids and lyris: I'm absolutely in loooove with the song in BRC's Mahabharat, it's soooo melodious and lilting, and takes you to a magical world possibly only with the mytho trinity.Day Dreaming The song in RS's SK is also veryyyyy nice, and the actress who plays Rukminiji is so pretty and looks very prayerful and dignified.Star 

..RamKiJanaki..

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..RamKiJanaki..

Joined: 20 August 2008

Posts: 44314

Posted: 29 September 2009 at 7:46pm | IP Logged
Originally posted by lola610

Here's the equally beautiful prayer by Rukmini Devi to Gauri Maa, in which she shows complete trust that the divine mother will do what needs to be done. PLEASE, I request everybody, no comparisons... all devotional poetry is to be respected, and so are the people who are lucky enough to participate in bringing it onscreen.

 
This scene reminds me of the scene in Ramayan where Sitaji prays to Gauri Mata after the Pushp Vatika scene, I think RS was inspired by that scene in Ramcharitmanas and used it here too. It really adds to the magic.Tongue
 
However....it wasn't really RS who took this scene, was it?

lola610

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lola610

Joined: 03 November 2008

Posts: 7515

Posted: 29 September 2009 at 8:41pm | IP Logged
Thanks hon, totally agree about both songs and the Rukmini katha in general... And yea, the gauri pooja song is very pushp vatika, but then it was kind of a common tradition for girls at the time, remember Shweta as Radha and her gauri pooja before the maharaas... each time he's picturized it beautifully though... even though this last time it was his sons handling it, but it was still his script Big smile

sita11

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sita11

Joined: 01 September 2005

Posts: 26396

Posted: 30 September 2009 at 2:31am | IP Logged
thanks a lot lola for this great thread & such beautiful description of KRISHNA-RUKMINI VIVAH Clap
 
yes these sagars cud hv shown all this in JAI SHRI KRISHNA,it wud hv been great to see these great stories OF LORD KRISHNA in JAI SHRI KRISHNA
 
thanks a lot for the vdo ,the beautiful translation of the song which RUKMINI is singing for KRISHNA
I will check out the vdo 's & the pic of RUKMINI HARAN is soooooooooooooooooo..beautiful !!!TongueBig smile

radhikarani

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radhikarani

Joined: 16 September 2009

Posts: 7419

Posted: 30 September 2009 at 2:48am | IP Logged
very nice works lola ClapClapClapClap very good... thnx for interpreting it so nicely ... you need stars Star... 
 
the pics is very beautiful n lovely Big smile
 
hope JSK will come back soon with these beautiful storiesSmile 
 
so frnds pls try hard as much as possible to bring our JSK back...Approve


Edited by ankita1989 - 30 September 2009 at 2:59am

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