Joined: 20 August 2008
Shri Krishna's dear friend and worshipper Radha was the daughter of a cowherd named Vrishbhanu. In the Padmapuran, she is said to be the daughter of a King named Vrishbhanu. When the King was cleaning the space of the sacrifice(yagya), he found Radha in the form of Bhoomiputri (daughter of mother earth). The king nurtured her as his own daughter. There is one more story said about the birth of Radha according to which when Lord Vishnu was to incarnate as Krishna, he asked all the deities and goddesses of his family to incarnate on the earth. Then, Lord Vishnu's consort and the one who was residing in the Vaikunthlok, Laxmi incarnated on the earth as Radha. There are many different ancient stories said about the birth of Radha but the one that is unanimously accepted is that Radha was the daughter of Vrishbhanu who was king Suchandra in his previous life. Suchandra and his wife had acquired a boon from Brahmaji that in the Dwapar age Shri Laxmi will be born as a daughter to them in the form of Radha. King Suchendra and Queen Kalavati only were reborn as Vrishbhanu and Kirtikumari and Laxmiji was incarnated as Radha.
It is said that at the time of Radha's birth, Devarshi Narad himself went and met Vrishbhanu and informed him, "This girl's beauty and nature is divine. All the houses, wherever her footprints are, Lord Narayan with all other deities will reside. Nurture this girl thinking her to be a Goddess." According to Naradji's advice, Vrishbhanu nurtured Radha with great love and care. Nandbaba who lived in the nearby village was friends with Vrishbanu. Once during the festival of Holi; Vrishbanu went to Gokul to meet Nandrai. At Nandrai and Yashoda's house Krishna (who was growing up as their son) met Radha. Their union was divine, phenomenal and incessant. This meeting was Radha and Krishna's first meeting which became eternal.
Radha's love towards Krishna in the terrestrial or customary meaning is not just the relation between a man and woman. The feeling of this love is divine and phenomenal which gives this love a pious form. The philosophical side of this reduces the distance of the support and supportive, also the difference between the worshipper and worshipful is not there. Krishna is the life of Vraj; Radha is the soul of Krishna. That is why, it is said, "Atma Tu Radhika Tasya" (Radha, you are His soul). One form of Radha is, she is a devotee, worshipper of Krishna and in the second form she is the worshipful, devoted by Krishna. 'Aradhyate Asau itii Radha.' Radha ' Krishna's love is the symbol of the feeling of being united. When two souls are united, the difference of the other or the second vanishes.
The image of two souls uniting concludes in the 'Maharaas' (group dance of Gopis around Krishna where every Gopi felt that Krishna was dancing with them), where Shri Krishna is engrossed in the Gopis. 'Maharaas' is the form of love and devotion.
There is no place for pleasure here, but only sacrifice and duty is the prime motive. That is why this divine love is believed to be Pancham Purusharth which is above duty (dharma), money (Arth), pleasure (Kaam) and salvation (Moksha). Hence Vrindavan is called the land of Pancham Purusharth.
This Pancham Purusharth (energy) in the philosophical form is said to be 'Power'. Radha is the backbone of omnipotent Krishna's energy. The energy form of Radha runs this universe in different forms for performing different actions. Some times Kali, sometimes Durga, Laxmi, Saraswati etc. are believed to be different forms of Radha.
In this extensive meaning, Radha becomes the inspiration of life and supporting rock of Indian culture. In Brahmavaivart's Puran's "Krishna Kand", Radha has been praised by the God himself as the live symbol of power and energy. She is Krishna's Shakti or power.
After going to Mathura from Gokul, Krishna did not forget Radha and even Radha did not fade out. Radha knew that to kill an oppressor like Kans, Krishna had to go to Mathura. This was his duty and Radha did not want to hinder his path of duty. This is the best form of sacrifice which Radha accepts in separation from Krishna.
After Shri Krishna went to Mathura, Radha and Krishna did not meet for years. It is said that both of them had met at Kurukshetra where during the time of a solar eclipse, Krishna had come from Dwarika and Nandrai, 'Yashoda, Vrishbhanu and Radha had come from Vrindavan.
The feeling of Radha ' Krishna's divine love keeps on increasing day by day. Radha became the inspiration of Mahakavi Suradas's (one of the greatest poets of India) literature. Also Nimbark Sampraday (a sect of Hinduism), Vallabh Sampraday, Sakhibhav Sampraday and Radha Vallabh Sampraday praise the feeling of Radha's love and devotion.
Joined: 15 July 2006
Joined: 20 August 2008
Joined: 09 January 2005
Joined: 20 August 2008
Joined: 20 August 2008
Yashoda was the wife of Gokul resident Nandrai. Nandbaba and Yashoda had no children and so always remained disturbed. But they remembered the boon given to them by Lord Vishnu in their previous life. That is how they were able to remain patient. According to the ancient story, in their previous life, Nand and Yashoda were Vasu's (the eight prominent demi-gods namely Dhav, Dhruv, Som, Vishnu, Anil, Anal, Prabhush and Prabhav) chief Dron and Dhara. Dron and Dhara, both were great devotees of God and wished that they can nurture God as their own child. With this wish only, they observed devout austerity. Pleased with their devotion, Lord manifested and blessed them with a boon that in the Dwapar Yuga(there are four Yugas- first Satya Yuga, second Treta Yuga, third Dwapar Yuga and fourth KaliYuga) when Lord Vishnu himself will be incarnated as Shri Krishna, he will fulfill their desire. In the Dwapar age, Dron and Dhara were born as Nand and Yashoda.
In the Dwapar age, Mathura's oppressor King Kans imprisoned his sister Devaki and her husband Vasudev. The reason for this was that at the time of Devaki's marriage, there was an Akashvani (a celestial announcement from the skies) that Kans would be killed by the hands of Devaki's eighth child. In the prison, Shri Krishna was born as Devaki's eighth child. Overnight Vasudev transported Shri Krishna to his friend Nandrai's house in Gokul and picked up Yogmaya who was born to Yashoda as a daughter and returned to the Mathura prison cell. Kans, thinking her to be the eighth child of Devaki, wanted to kill her but she freed herself from Kans's hands and fled away in the sky.
Shri Krishna grew up in Nand and Yashoda's house. Yashoda nurtured Krishna with great love and care. The boon given by Lord in the previous life was bearing fruit. Yashoda was blessed to serve "God" as a mother on the earth. On seeing the acts of Krishna as a child, Yashoda used to get very emotional. When naughty Krishna used to break the earthen pots of the Gopis (Cowherdesses) or used to steal butter, the Gopis used to complain to Yashoda about it. Many a times Yashoda enjoyed the pranks of Krishna and sometimes would punish Krishna and tie him up with a mortar. There were many miraculous events that Krishna enacted in his "Leela" (play) on earth but because of Yogmaya (the Goddess of maya/ illusion); Yashoda was each time made to forget the fact that her child was actually God incarnate. Once while playing, Krishna ate some mud. Yashoda was furious and demanded Bal (baby) Krishna to show her his mouth as Krishna was denying his act. Shri Krishna opened his mouth and showed the whole Universe in his mouth to Yashoda. Yashoda lost herself for a moment but by the grace of Yogmaya came back to her senses.
She did not even realize that she was raising God incarnate in the form of Krishna. Similarly, when Krishna jumped into Yamuna River to break the ego of kaliyaNag (snake), Yashoda was very much worried but after some time when Krishna came out of the water, sitting on kaliya's hood playing the flute, then Yashoda felt relaxed.
There are many similar stories which praise the affection and love of Yashoda for Krishna. The great Hindi poet Surdas has created great literature on Krishna-Yashoda love. The greatest devotees of Krishna regard Yashoda as very blessed for though she was not the biological mother of Shri Krishna, she had the good fortune of nurturing Krishna, as a toddler, an infant, a teenager and a boy. The famous lines "Maiya mori mai nahi makhan khayo" (dear mother, I did not eat the butter) are ingrained in the mindsets of most Indians. The visual depictions of Yashoda running after baby Krishna with a stick are the most popular images of Lord Krishna, evoking great faith and devotion.
Joined: 01 September 2005
Joined: 01 September 2005
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