It was the year before prime minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated (1984). The nation was not in the best of moods. There were raised voices and frayed tempers prevalent across the nation as corruption and intolerance reached an all-time high. Given the milieu "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro" (JBDY) chose to laugh away the bruise. There is a sharp zaniness about JBDY, which serves as a scathing antidote to the growing sense of collective dismay that the nation faced as extremism, and inflation hit the nation hurling it towards damnation.
Many regard JBDY as the funniest Hindi film ever made. I am not too sure. A sense of deep sombreness behind the giggles and guffaws. The plot about two out-of-work photographers named, hold your legal notices, Vinod Chopra (Naseruddin Shah) and Sudhir Mishra (Ravi Baswani), has episodes of acute hilarity and interludes of absolute anarchy.
You know from the Faustian flavour, the Shakespearean fervour and frenetic pacing, that there was an abundance of improvisation on the sets. You also know as you watch the film's newly restored edition that the film was made on a shoestring budget, which afforded meager finesse, and practically no re-takes. Nope. Nothing can restore the austerity and begging-bowl crisis that the film had to face.
The actors had to literally survive by their instincts, which could only take the narration this far and no further. There are too many references and cross-references to politicians and scams.
The nexus between politics and journalism is brought out through a character named Shobha Sen (Bhakti Bharve) a hard-nosed newspaper editor who uses our two heroes to get an expose on a builder named Tarneja (Pankaj Kapur) and his murky collaboration with a municipal officer named D'Mello (Satish Shah).
D'Mello soon ends up as a corpse in a traveling coffin that leaves us chortling heartily or coughing uneasily, depending on how far we are willing to accept the opulent oeuvre of the outlandish and the outrageous that the film throws forward.
In one sequence we see the dead-drunk builder Ahuja (Om Puri) driving into the coffin carrying the dead D'Mello thinking it's another vehicle. The sequence is funny only if you are hell bent on enjoying the goofiness of a grand high-school reunion fete bringing together grownup professionals who decide to "have fun" for one evening even if some of their actions make them look downright silly.
In JDBY everyone is out to have fun. It's a very boys kind of nudge-nudge-wink-wink fun where the brunt of the joke is the system that fosters and encourages corruption on every level. The characters discuss malpractices without shame or purdah. The cast is mainly masculine. The two women in the cast Bhakti Bharve and Neena Gupta behave like the boys.
Bharve's hard-nosed journalist's act is astonishingly unladylike for those times. She uses her "charms" to outwit her male adversaries and to make Vinod putty in her hands. In the end, when Sudhir and Vinod are framed for scams, which they had set out to expose, Shobha walks away from the duo leaving them to face the music. There is an unmentionable 'b' word for such exploitative women.
Among its many pioneering achievements is the use of the inspirational song "Hum honge kaamyaab", a desi rendering of the song "We shall overcome", a protest song conceived for the African-American Civil Rights Movement. It went on to acquire a renewed popularity through its ironic usage in the film.
To this day "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro" remains a crazy film, filled with madcap situations straight out of comedies from the silent era with a corpse rolling down Mumbai's highways and time-bomb's planted to kill the "good" blowing up in evil faces.
The message is loud and clear: farce can fight a moral-political fascism.
Characters talk incessantly either about corruption or about being corrupt. We can see the downslide in the moral values in Indian politics and bureaucracy was already happening in a major way.
Yes, Amitabh Bachchan had much reason to be angry. The Big B's anti-establishment film "Andha Kanoon" rubbed shoulders with Govind Nihalani's "Ardh Satya" during the same year that Kundan Shah's comedy of 'eras' made an impact.
Significantly this was also the year when the pre-Bachchan superstar Rajesh Khanna had his last spate of hits - "Avtaar", "Souten" and "Agar Tum Na Hote". Romance in cinema was dying. The angry brand of heroism was being favoured. "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro" is also an angry film, but the wrath of the common man is here seen in a mirthful mood. Laugher is taken to be the best medicine to fight injustice.
The film rightly celebrated climactic confusion on stage where the film's characters mingle with the characters from the "Mahabharata" to create a poetic panic and anarchy served well as a metaphor for the tangle that the country had created in its socio-political system months before Mrs. Gandhi was killed.